DAYTON ANLAŞMASI SONRASINDA BOSNA’DA POLİTİK İSTİKRAR VE EKONOMİK PERFORMANS (1997-2006)

Bu makale, Dayton anlaşması sonrasında Bosna’nın politik sisteminin politik istikrarı ve ekonomik performansını Birleşmiş Milleler Kalkınma Programı ve Bosna devlet kurumlarının verilerine dayalı olarak incelemektedir. Çalışmada, bu ülkede toplumun temel yasama ve yürütme organlarının işleyişine olan güveninin görece olarak düşük olduğunu ve bu güvenin etnik gruplar arasında farklılık gösterdiğini iddia etmektedir. Ayrıca, seçilmiş temsilcilerin politik açıdan uzlaşmadıklarını ve bu yüzden ülkeyi politik istikrasızlığın karakterize ettiğini ileri sürülmektedir. Ancak aynı zamanda ülkeyi askeri çatışmadan kurtaran uluslararası kurumların varlığının bu ülkeye ileri düzeyde bir politik istikrar kazandırdığı ifade edilmektedir.

DAYTON ANLAŞMASI SONRASINDA BOSNA’DA POLİTİK İSTİKRAR VE EKONOMİK PERFORMANS (1997-2006)

This paper examines political stability and economic performance of the Bosnian political system in the post-Dayton period and is primarily based on statistical figures released by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and state institutions. Study shows that people’s confidence in the work of the main legislative and executive institutions in the country is relatively low and that their confidence varies from one ethnic group to another. Furthermore, political attitudes of the elected representatives were non-conciliatory and, therefore the country was characterized by constant institutional instability. At the same time, the country enjoyed a high level of political stability, however, only due to the huge presence of the international community, which secured the country from the escalation of political representatives’ disagreements into military confrontation.

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