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This paper reports findings with regard to approaches to learning of Turkish students. The term "approaches to learning" refers to the idea that learners perceive and process information in very different ways. The study is set out to (i) explore and describe the approaches of learning of university students; (ii) explore the relationship between approaches to learning constructs, (iii) explore how the learning approaches of Turkish higher education students in combination with gender and academic discipline, year affect and academic performance; Employing a correlational research design- 44-item 1995 version of the RASI and the cumulative grade point, the study was conducted in two departments in two institutions of higher education: one humanities and one engineering. Total 160 students participated. This paper discusses firstly the findings of this study in the light of other research carried out in this area and secondly, and more importantly, in the light of its contribution towards a better understanding of the learning needs of Turkish university students.