The purpose of this research study was to determine the measurement and evaluation methods that professors use in their classes and the efficiency level of these methods. Opinions of fourth-grade students attending the Departments of Science Teaching and Mathematics Teaching were obtained. The study group of the research consisted of 84 teacher candidates studying Mathematics Teaching (41) and Science Teaching (43) in the faculty of education of a university in a middle-sized city located in Eastern Turkey in the Spring Semester of the 2011-2012 Academic Year. The study was carried out with the qualitative research approach using the methods of case study Content analysis. It was performed to analyze the data. Results demonstrated that teacher candidates were of the opinion that professors mostly use conventional measurement and evaluation methods. It was also found that they did not find these methods efficient. It was determined that teacher candidates thought that conventional measurement and evaluation methods were result-oriented and that they drove students to memorize.