SOCIO- ECONOMIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC DETERMINANTS OF CRIME BY PANEL COUNT DATA ANALYSIS: THE CASE OF EU 28 AND TURKEY
Ozlem KİZİLGOL,Sibel SELİM
Purpose- Aim of this paper is to examine factors that affect the total
number of crimes recorded by the police for EU 28 and Turkey in 2001-2010,
which is not used previously in the literature dealing with the developments
and changes during a certain period in this study. Methodology- We used panel
count data in analysis of this paper. Count data models are appropriate to
determine factors on the number of crimes because of the nature of the
dependent variable. Findings- we used growth rate, GDP per
capita, inflation, unemployment rate, urban overpopulation, enrollment rate and
the number of the police variables to examine effect on crimes. The results
demonstrate that GDP per capita, inflation, unemployment rate and urban overpopulation
has a positive on the number of crimes. The increases on the enrollment rate
and the number of police decrease the number of crimes.
Conclusion- We observe higher crime rates in
highly urbanized areas.
Crime, panel count data, fixed effects negative binomial model, EU 28, Turkey
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