Türkiye’de Yetişen Bazı Apiaceae Türlerinin Uçucu Yağlarının Kök Lezyon Nematodlarına Karşı Nematisidal Aktiviteleri

Çalışmada Türkiye doğal florasında yetişen Apiaceae familyasına ait 12 farklı bitki türünün uçucu yağının Kök lezyon nematodlarına (Pratylenchus penetrans, P. thornei ve P. neglectus) karşı nematisidal etkileri incelenmiştir. Araştırma in vitro koşullarda yürütülmüş olup, her bir uçucu yağın 1000 ppm konsantrasyonu kullanılmıştır. Uçucu yağların nematisidal etkileri Kök lezyon nematodu türüne bağlı olarak değişiklik göstermiş, P. neglectus türünde Coriondrum sativum L., P. thornei türünde Ferulago cassia Boiss, P. penetrans türünde ise Foeniculum vulgare Miller ve Anethum graveolens L. uçucu yağları diğer uygulamalardan daha yüksek etkinlik göstermiştir. Uçucu yağ uygulamalarına bağlı olarak gerçekleşen nematod ölüm oranları P. neglectus türünde % 24.3-64.7, P. penetrans türünde % 23.7-66.7 ve P. thornei türünde % 33.7-85.0 arasında bulunmuştur. Araştırmada, uçucu yağ aktif maddelerinden linalool, phallendrene ve 2,3,6 trimetilbenzaldehyde bileşenlerini içeren bitkilerin yüksek, anethole ve carvone bileşenlerini içeren bitkilerin orta, caratol ve curzerene bileşenlerini içerenlerin ise düşük nematoksik aktivite gösterdiği anlaşılmıştır. Apiaceae familyası türlerinin Pratylenchus türlerine karşı nematisidal etkilerinin yüksek fakat değişken olduğu, bu nedenle yüksek aktivite gösteren uçucu yağların farklı dozlar kullanılarak arazi koşullarında etkinliklerinin denenmesi ile daha kesin sonuçlara ulaşılabileceği anlaşılmıştır.

Nematicidal Activity of Essential Oils from Apiaceae Family Plants of Turkey Against Root Lesion Nematodes

In our study, the nematicidal activity of 12 essential oils from Apiaceae family plants of Turkey against Pratylenchus penetrans, P. thornei and P. neglectus root lesion nematodes were investigated. The study was conducted in vitro conditions and concentration of 1000 ppm of each essential oil was used. The nematicidal effect was found to depending on root lesion nematode species and high nematicidal effect were found P. neglectus species; Coriondrum sativum L., P. thornei species; Ferulago cassia Boiss and P. penetrans Foeniculum vulgare Miller and Anethum graveolens L. Mortality rates depending on essential oil applications varied between 24.3-64.7% in P. neglectus species, 23.7-66.7% in P. penetrans and 33.7-85.0% in P. thornei. In this study, the nematicidal activity were found high that essential oil active ingredients of plants containing linalool, phallendrene and 2,3,6 trimethylbenzaldehyde components while the plants containing anethole and carvone components were medium nematicidal activity and containing caratol and curzerene components showed low. It has been understood that the nematicidal activity of Apiaceae family species against Pratylenchus species are high but variable, therefore, more definite results can be achieved by testing the effectiveness of highly active essential oils using different doses in field conditions.

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Kaynak Göster

APA Göze Özdemir, F , Tosun, B , Şanlı, A , Karadoğan, T . (2021). Türkiye’de Yetişen Bazı Apiaceae Türlerinin Uçucu Yağlarının Kök Lezyon Nematodlarına Karşı Nematisidal Aktiviteleri . Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi , 31 (2) , 425-433 . DOI: 10.29133/yyutbd.796093
  • ISSN: 1308-7576
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 4 Sayı
  • Yayıncı: Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi

8.9b 4.6b

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