Yükseköğretimde Öğrencinin Dersi ve Öğretim Elemanının Öğretim Performansını Değerlendirmesi: Pedagojik Formasyon Sertifika Eğitimi Örneklemi

Yükseköğretimde öğretimi değerlendirme yöntemlerinin en yaygın olarak kullanılanı Öğrenci Ders Değerlendirmeleridir. Ülkemizde çok sıklıkla kullanılmayan ve literatürde ülkemize ait fazla çalışma bulunmayan bu yaklaşımla İç Anadolu’da bir devlet üniversitesinde 2018 Güz dönemi 9. dönem birinci yarıyıl Pedagojik Formasyon Eğitimi Sertifika Programı’na devam eden 44 kadın, 127 erkek toplamda 171 öğrenciden seçmeli olarak aldıkları Öğretmenlik Meslek Etiği (2 grup) ve Bireyselleştirilmiş Öğretim (3 grup) derslerini ve bu dersleri veren öğretim elemanının derslerdeki öğretim performansını değerlendirmeleri istenmiştir. Araştırmada, araştırmacı tarafından daha önce de kullanılan ve aşina olunan Webster Üniversitesine ait ve Kuzey Amerika’da pek çok üniversitede benzeri kullanılan bir ders değerlendirme aygıtı Türkçeye çevrilerek veri toplama aracı olarak kullanılmıştır. Katılımcıların çok büyük kısmı (%93.6) “evet dersler faydalıydı, (%95.9)’u bu dersleri arkadaşlarıma tavsiye ederim derken çok daha büyük bir oranda (%96.5)’i de bu derslerle ilgili memnuniyetlerini beyan etmişlerdir. Bireyselleştirilmiş Öğretim dersini alan öğrencilerin, Öğretmenlik Meslek Etiği dersini alan öğrencilere nazaran daha yüksek oranda memnuniyet gösterdikleri gözlemlenmesine rağmen Mann-Whitney U testi kullanılarak yapılan analizlerde yirmi yedi yargıdan sadece dokuzunda anlamlı bir fark tespit edilmiştir. Çalışma sonuçlarına bakıldığında her iki dersin de amaçlarına ulaştığı ve öğrencilerde istenen farkındalığın sağlandığı anlaşılmaktadır.

Student Evaluation of the Course and the Lecturer’s Teaching Performance in Higher Education: A Case of Pedagogic Formation Certificate Program

Student Evaluation of Teaching (SET) is the most widely used method of evaluating teaching in higher education. Remaining not researched enough and being not widely used in Turkey, this method has been conducted on 44 females and 127 males in total 171 students taking the courses Ethics of Teaching Profession (3 groups) and Individualized Instruction (2 groups ) electively in the first semester of the 9th term of the Pedagogic Formation Certificate Program in 2018 Fall Semester at a state university in the central Anatolia in order to determine participants’ perceptions about the course and the lecturer’s teaching performance during the lectures. A Course Evaluation tool, familiar to the researcher, used by Webster University and whose cognates are heavily used in many universities in North American context was translated into Turkish and used in the study. According to the data, a great majority of the participants (93.5%) stated that “the courses were useful”, (95.9%) declared that “they would recommend the courses to their friends” and even greater majority of the participants (96.5%) asserted their satisfaction with the courses in general (excellent + very good). Although students who attended the Individualized Instruction course were observed to have higher satisfaction levels compared to those taking Ethics of Teaching course, a significant difference was found in only nine out of the twentyseven judgements by using Mann-Whitney U test. According to the results of the study, both lessons have achieved their aims and managed to increase students’ awareness.

Kaynakça

Abrami, P. C. (2001). Improving judgments about teaching effectiveness using teacher rating forms. New Directions for Institutional Research, 109, 59-87.

Abrami, P. C., Marilyn, H. M., & Raiszadeh, F. (2001). Business students’ perceptions of faculty evaluations. The International Journal of Educational Management, 15(1), 12-22.

Adams, J.V. (1997). Student evaluations: The ratings game. Inquiry, 1(2), 10-16.

Algozzine, B., Beattie, J., Bray, M., Flowers, C., Gretes, J., Howley, L., Mohanty, G., & Spooner, F. (2004). Student evaluation of college teaching: A practice in search of principles. College Teaching, 52(4), 134–141.

Altan, M. Z. (2016). Öğretmenliğe Dair Filmler ve Öğretmenler. PEGEM

Bamber, V. & Anderson, S. (2012). Evaluating learning and teaching: Institutional needs and individual practices. International Journal for Academic Development, 17(1), 5-18.

Becker, W. E., Bosshardt, W., & Watts, M. (2012). How departments of economics evaluate teaching. The Journal of Economic Education, 43, 325–333.

Beecham, R. (2009). Teaching quality and student satisfaction: Nexus or simulacrum? London Review of Education, 7, 135– 146.

Benton, S. L. & Cashin, W. E. (2012). Student ratings of teaching: A summary of research and literature (IDEA Paper No. 50). Manhattan, KS: The IDEA Center.

Beran, T., Violato, C., Kline, D., & Frideres, J. (2005). The Utility of Student Ratings of Instruction for Students, Faculty, and Administrators: A “Consequential Validity” Study. The Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 35(2), 49-70.

Beran, T. N. & Rokosh, J. L. (2009). Instructors’ Perspectives on the Utility of Student Ratings of Instruction. Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 37(2), 171- 184.

Berk, R. A. (2005). Survey of 12 strategies for measuring teaching effectiveness. International Journal on Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 17(1), 48–62.

Berk, R. A. (2012). Top 20 strategies to increase the online response rates of student rating scales. International Journal of Technology in Teaching and Learning, 8, 98–107.

Borg, S. (2018). Teacher Evaluation: Global Perspectives and Their Implications for English Language Teaching: A Literature Review. British Council.

Boring, A. (2015). Gender biases in student evaluations of teachers (working paper). OFCE PRESAGE SCIENCES PO and LEDa-DIAL.

Boring, A., Ottoboni, K., & Stark, P. B. (2016). Student evaluations of teaching (mostly) do not measure teaching effectiveness. Science Open Research. doi:10.14293/S2199 1006.1.SOR EDU. AETBZC.v1

Braga, M., Paccagnella, M., & Pellizzari, M. (2014). Evaluating students’ evaluations of professors. Economics of Education Review, 41, 71–88.

Brandenburg, G. C. & Remmers, H. H. (1927). A rating scale for instructors. Educational Administration & Supervision, 13, 399-406.

Cashin, W. E. (1995). Student ratings of teaching: The research revisited. IDEA Paper No. 32. Manhattan, KS: Kansas State University, Center for Faculty Evaluation and Development.

Cashin, W. E. (1999). Student ratings of teaching: uses and misuses. Seldin, P. (Ed.), Changing practices in evaluating teaching: A practical guide to improved faculty performance and promotion/tenure decisions, Anker, Bolton, Massachusetts, pp. 25-44.

Centra, J. A. (2003). Will Teachers Receive Higher Student Evaluations by Giving Higher Grades and Less Course Work? Research in Higher Education, 44(5), 495–518.

Clayson, D. E. (2009). Student evaluations of teaching: Are they related to what students learn? A meta analysis and review of the literature. Journal of Marketing Education, 31(1), 16-30.

Davis, B.G. (2009). Tools for Teaching, (2nd Ed). John Wiley & Sons. Dommeyer , C. J., Baum, P, Hanna, R. W., & Chapman, K. S. (2004) Gathering faculty teaching evaluations by in class and online surveys: their effects on response rates and evaluations, Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 29(5), 611-623.

Dresel, M. & Rindermann, H. (2011). Counseling university instructors based on student evaluations of their teaching effectiveness: a multilevel test of its effectiveness under consideration of bias and unfairness variables. Research in Higher Education, 52(7), 717-737.

Duque, L. C. (2013). A framework for analyzing higher education performance: Students’ satisfaction, perceived learning outcomes, and dropout intention. Total Quality Management and Business Excellence, 25(1), 1-21.

Duque, L. C. & Weeks, J. R. (2010). Towards a model and methodology for assessing student learning outcomes and satisfaction. Quality Assurance in Education, 18, 84–105.

Eiszler, C. F. (2002). College Students’ Evaluations of Teaching and Grade Inflation. Research in Higher Education, 43(4), 483–501.

Galbraith, C., Merrill, G., & Kline, D. (2012). Are student evaluations of teaching effectiveness valid for measuring student outcomes in business related classes? A neural network and Bayesian analysis. Research in Higher Education, 53, 353–374.

Ginns, P., Prosser, M., & Barrie, S. (2007). Students’ perceptions of teaching quality in higher education: The perspective of currently enrolled students. Studies in Higher Education, 32, 603–615.

Goldschmid, M. L. (1978). The evaluation and improvement of teaching in higher education. Higher Education, 7(2), 221-245.

Gravestock, P. & Gregor-Greenleaf, E. (2008). Student Course Evaluations: Research, Models and Trends. Higher Education Quality Council of Ontario.

Greenwald, A. G. (1997). Validity concerns and usefulness of student ratings of instruction. American Psychologist, 52, 1182-1186.

Helgesen, O. & Nesset, E. (2007) what accounts for students’ loyalty? Some field study evidence. International Journal of Educational Management, 21(2), 126-143.

Hendry, G., Lyon, P., & Henderson-Smart, C. (2007). Teachers’ approaches to teaching and responses to student evaluation in a problem-based medical program. Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education, 32(2), 143-157.

Henry A. Hornstein. (2017). Student evaluations of teaching are an inadequate assessment tool for evaluating faculty performance. Cogent Education, 4(1), A130416.

Hills, J. R. (1974). On the use of student rations of faculty in determination of pay, promotion, and tenure. Research in Higher Education, 2, 317-324.

Hodges, L. C. & Stanton, K. (2007). Translating comments on student evaluations into the language of learning. Innovative Higher Education, 31(5), 279-286.

Jordan, H., Mendro, R., & Weerasinghe, D. (1997). Teacher effects on longitudinal student achievement. Paper presented at the Sixth Annual Evaluation Institute sponsored by CREATE, Indianapolis, ABD.

Kember, D., Leung, D., & Kwan, K. (2002). Does the Use of Student Feedback Questionnaires Improve the Overall Quality of Teaching? Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education, 27, 411-425.

Lattuca, L., & Domagal-Goldman, J. (2007). Using qualitative methods to assess teaching effectiveness. New Directions for Institutional Research, 136, 81–93.

Ling, T., Phillips, J., & Weihrich, S. (2012). Online evaluations vs in-class paper teaching evaluations: A paired comparison. Journal of the Academy of Business Education, 12, 150–161.

Malik, M. E., Danish, R. Q., & Usman, A. (2010). The impact of service quality on students’ satisfaction in higher education institutes of Punjab. Journal of Management Research, 2(2), 1–11.

Marsh, H. W. (2007). Students’ Evaluations of University Teaching: Dimensionality, Reliability, Validity, Potential Biases and Usefulness.” In The Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education: An Evidence-Based Perspective, R. P. Perry and J. C. Smart (Eds), 319–383. Springer.

McKeachie, W. (1997). Student ratings: The validity of use. American Psychologist, 52, 1218- 1225.

McKeachie, W. J. (2006). McKeachie’s teaching tips: Strategies, research, and theory for college and university teachers. Houghton-Mifflin.

Merritt, D. J. (2008). Bias, the Brain, and Student Evaluations of Teaching. St. John’s Law Review, 82(1), Article 6.

Nakpodia, E. D. (2011). Principals and Teachers’ Perceptions of the Role of Private Sector in Enhancing the Quality of Pubilc Secondary Schools in Central Senatorial District of Delta State, Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, 8, 192-197.

Nasser, F., & Fresko, B. (2002). Faculty views of student evaluation of college teaching. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 27, 187–198.

Ory, J. C. (2001). Faculty Thoughts and Concerns about Student Ratings. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 87, 3-15.

Ory, J. C., & Ryan, K. (2001). How do student ratings measure up to a new validity framework? New Directions for Institutional Research, 109, 27–44.

Penny, A. R. & Coe, R. (2004). Effectiveness of consultation on student ratings feedback: A meta-analysis. Review of Educational Research, 74, 215–253.

Remmers, H. H. (1927). The Purdue Rating Scale for Instructors. Educational Administration and Supervision 6, 399-406.

Remmers, H. H. (1930) To what extent do grades influence student ratings of instructors? Journal of Educational Psychology, 21, 314-316.

Renaud, R. D., & Murray, H. G. (2005). Factorial validity of student ratings of instruction. Research in Higher Education, 46, 929- 953.

Seldin, P. (1984). Changing Practices in Faculty Evaluation, San Francisco: Jossey‐Bass. Seldin, P. (1993). The use and abuse of student ratings of professors. Chronicle of Higher Education, 40(1), A40.

Spooren, P., Brockx, B., & Mortelmans, D. (2013). On the Validity of Student Evaluation of Teaching: The State of the Art. Review of Educational Research, 83(4), 598-642.

Sproule, R. (2000). Student evaluation of teaching: A methodological critique of conventional practices. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 8(2), 1-23.

Stark, P. B., & Freishtat, R. (2014). An evaluation of course evaluations. doi:10.14293/S2199 1006.1.SQR EDU. AOFRQA. v1Stark. Science Open: https://www.scienceopen.com/ document/vid/42e6aae5-246b 4900-8015 dc99b467b6e4?0

Stein, S. J., Spiller, D., Terry, S., Harris, T., Deaker, L., & Kennedy, J. (2012). Summary Guide Using Student Evaluations to Enhance Teaching Practice: Closing the Loop. Wellington: The National Centre for Tertiary Teaching Excellence.

Stein, S. J., Spiller, D., Terry, S., Harris, T. Deaker, L., & Kennedy, J. (2013) Tertiary teachers and student evaluations: never the twain shall meet? Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 38(7), 892-904.

Student Course Evaluation Questionnaire (2016). 08 Mart 2016 tarihinde http://webster.ac.at/files/attachments/Student_ Course_%20Evaluation_Form.pdf adresinden erişildi.

Theall, M., Abrami, D. A., & Mets, L. (2001). The student ratings debate: Are they valid? How can we best use them? New Directions for Institutional Research No. 109. Jossey-Bass.

Theall, M., & Franklin, J. (2001). Looking for bias in all the wrong places: A search for truth or a witch hunt in student ratings of instruction? New Directions for Institutional Research, 109, 45-56.

Thorndike, R. M., & Waldram, C. A. (1971). Content Validity and the Uses of Student Ratings. ERIC Number: ED118601. Wachtel, H. K. (1998). Student evaluation of college teaching effectiveness: A brief review. Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education, 23, 191-212.

Wagenaar, T. C. (1995). Student evaluation of teaching: some cautions and suggestions. Teaching Sociology, 64(1), 64–68.

Wright, S. L. & Jenkins-Guarnieri, M. A.(2012). Student Evaluations of Teaching: Combining the Meta-Analyses and Demonstrating Further Evidence for Effective Use. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 37(6), 683-699.

Kaynak Göster

Yükseköğretim ve Bilim Dergisi
  • ISSN: 2146-5959
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 3 Sayı
  • Başlangıç: 2011

1.6b549