Tekstil tasarımında bir dönüm noktası: Sonia Delaunay

Sanat, içinde bulunduğu dönemin, kendine özgü malzeme ve düşünce biçimiyle yoğrulurken; aynı zamanda dönemin ruhunu özümsemiş ve kendi bilgi birikiminden geçirerek ona yeni bir yorum katmış sanatçılarını da ortaya çıkarmaktadır. Sonia Delaunay, XIX. yüzyılda dünyaya gelmiş ve XX. yüzyılda, çok yönlü bir kadın sanatçı olarak çalışmalar yapmıştır. Modernizm sürecinde Orfizm’i benimseyen sanatçı, resimlerinin dışında, tekstil tasarımı, grafik, kostüm tasarımı, iç dekorasyon gibi birçok alanda da sanat görüşünü yansıtan eserler ile dönemin avant-garde sanatçıları arasında yer almıştır. Bu çalışmada, diğer görsel sanatlar gibi tekstil tasarımının da var olan sanat ortamı ile oldukça yakın ilişki içinde olduğu ve çok yönlü bir sanatçı olan Sonia Delaunay’ın tekstil tasarımına yaptığı katkılar, sanatçının yaşamı ve eserleri incelenerek verilmeye çalışılacaktır.

A milestone in textile desing, Sonia Delaunay

While art itself is shaped up with forms of material and notion unique to the period of age it exists it creates the artists who add new interpretations to it, passing them through what is accumulation of knowledge. Born in XIX th century, Sonia Delaunay produced her own works as a prolific artist. Adopting Orphism in the process of modernism, she was among avant-garde artists of the time and produced creations in a variety of fields such as designing of textile, grafics, costume and interior decoration in addition to her paintings. This study aims to examine her life, works and contributions that she made to textile design as a prolific artist/designer in various processes in which she was in a close contact with the circle of art including other visual arts as well as textile design.

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