Boşanan Bireylerin Damgalanması

Boşanmayla ilgili yapılan çalışmalar incelendiğinde, boşanma eyleminin bireylerin damgalanmasına sebep olduğu anlaşılmaktadır. Yapılan çalışmalar farklı kültürlerde, boşanan bireylerin farklı damgalayıcı kavramlarla damgalandığını göstermektedir. Bu çalışmayı diğer çalışmalardan farklı kılan Türkiye’de boşanan bireylerin hangi kavramlarla ve nasıl damgalandığını ortaya koymasıdır. Araştırma problemi bireylerin yaşanmış tecrübeleriyle ilgili olup, bu yaşanmış tecrübeler hakkında derinlemesine bilgi edinmeyi gerektirmektedir. Bu sebeple araştırma yöntemi olarak nitel araştırma yöntemi tercih edilmiştir. Nitel araştırma yöntemiyle gerçekleştirilen çalışmada araştırma deseni olarak fenomenoloji kullanılmıştır. Fenomenoloji, fark ettiğimiz fakat derinlemesine bir anlayışa sahip olmadığımız olguları tecrübe eden bireylerin, söz konusu olguyla ilgili tecrübelerine odaklanmakta ve araştırılan olguyla ilgili derinlemesine bilgi sahibi olmayı sağlamaktadır. Türkiye’nin kuzeybatısında yer alan bir şehirde toplanan verilere tematik nitel veri analizi uygulanmış ve kodlardan temalara ulaşılarak damgalayıcı kavramlar ortaya çıkarılmıştır. Çalışmada, boşanan erkeklerin 3 kavramla damgalandığı ve boşanan kadınların, erkekleri damgalayan kavramlardan farklı olan 3 kavramla damgalandığı sonucuna varılmıştır. Bu damgalayıcı kavramların erkek ve kadın kimliklerini oluşturan kavramların anlamca karşıtı oldukları görülmüştür. Ayrıca bu damgalama sürecinin, kadınların ve erkeklerin cinsiyet rollerini yerine getirmekte başarısız oldukları düşüncesiyle gerçekleştiği sonucuna varılmıştır.

The Stigmatization of The Divorced Individuals

When the studies on divorce are examined, it is understood that the act of divorce causes stigmatization of individuals. Studies show that divorced individuals are stigmatized with different stigmatizing concepts in different cultures. What makes this study different from other studies is that it reveals which concepts and how divorced individuals in Turkey are stigmatized. The research problem is about the lived experiences of individuals and requires in-depth knowledge about these lived experiences. For this reason, the qualitative research method was preferred as the research method. Phenomenology was used as the research design in this study carried out with the qualitative research method. Phenomenology focuses on the experiences which are the related phenomenon of individuals who have experienced phenomena that we have noticed but do not have a deep understanding of, and provides gaining in-depth knowledge of the phenomenon under research. Thematic qualitative data analysis was applied to the data collected in a city located in the northwest of Turkey, and stigmatizing concepts were revealed by reaching the themes from the codes. In this study, it was concluded that divorced men are stigmatized with 3 concepts and divorced women are stigmatized with 3 concepts that are different from the concepts that stigmatize men. It has been seen that these stigmatizing concepts are semantically opposite to the concepts that constitute male and female identities. In addition, it was concluded that this stigmatization process occurs with the thought that women and men fail to fulfill their gender roles.

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