THE RELATIONSHIP AMONG PROTEAN CAREER, BOUNDARYLESS CAREER, CAREER SATISFACTION, PERCEIVED EMPLOYABILITY AND TURNOVER INTENTION

The aim of the study is to analyze the relationship among protean career, boundaryless career, career satisfaction, perceived employability and turnover intention. The sample consisted of four service sectors (tourism, finance, education and health) in Nevşehir. The population was limited to the employees of four- and five-star hotels in tourism sector, banks in finance sector, teachers and academicians in education sector, and doctors and nurses in health sector. Survey method and questionnaire forms were used in the study to collect data. Boundaryless career, protean career, career satisfaction, perceived employability and turnover intention were measured using 5-point Likert scales. Data were analyzed using Partial Least Squares-Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM). The path analyses showed that there is a positive relationship between physical mobility factor of boundaryless career and turnover intention. There is a positive relationship between self-directed factor of protean career and psychological mobility factor of boundaryless career, and career satisfaction. Besides, there is a negative relationship between physical mobility factor of boundaryless career and career satisfaction. There is a positive relationship between psychological mobility factor of boundaryless career and perceived employability. While there is a negative relationship between career satisfaction and turnover intention, there is no relationship between perceived employability and turnover intention.

ÇOK YÖNLÜ KARİYER, SINIRSIZ KARİYER, KARİYER TATMİNİ, İSTİHDAM EDİLEBİLİRLİK VE İŞTEN AYRILMA NİYETİ ARASINDAKİ İLİŞKİNİN İNCELENMESİ

Çalışmanın amacı, çok yönlü (değişken) kariyer, sınırsız kariyer, kariyer tatmini, algılanan istihdam edilebilirlik ve işten ayrılma niyeti arasındaki ilişkiyi incelemektir. Araştırmanın örneklemini Nevşehir ilindeki dört hizmet sektörü (turizm, finans, eğitim, sağlık) çalışanları oluşturmaktadır. Turizm sektörü dört ve beş yıldızlı otellerle; sağlık sektörü devlet hastanesi ve özel hastanelerle; eğitim sektörü üniversite ve liselerle; finans sektörü de bankalarla sınırlandırılmıştır. Araştırmada veri toplamak için anket yöntemi ve anket formları kullanılmıştır. Sınırsız ve çok yönlü kariyer tutumları, kariyer tatmini, algılanan istihdam edilebilirlik ve işten ayrılma niyetini ölçmek için 5'li Likert ölçekleri kullanılmıştır. Veriler Kısmi En Küçük Kareler-Yapısal Eşitlik Modellemesi (PLS-SEM) kullanılarak analiz edilmiştir. Yapılan yol analizi sonunda, sınırsız kariyerin “fiziksel hareketlilik” boyutu ile işten ayrılma niyeti arasında pozitif bir ilişki olduğu ortaya çıkmıştır. Çok yönlü kariyerin “kendi kendini yönetme” ve sınırsız kariyerin “psikolojik hareketlilik” boyutu ile kariyer tatmini arasında pozitif bir ilişki görülürken, buna karşın sınırsız kariyerin “fiziksel hareketlilik” boyutu ile kariyer tatmini arasında negatif bir ilişki olduğu görülmüştür. Sınırsız kariyerin “psikolojik hareketlilik” boyutu ile algılanan istihdam edilebilirlik arasında pozitif bir ilişki ortaya çıkmıştır. Kariyer tatmini ile işten ayrılma niyeti arasında negatif bir ilişki görülürken algılanan istihdam edilebilirlik ile işten ayrılma niyeti arasında ise herhangi bir ilişki ortaya çıkmamıştır.

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Kaynak Göster