EDUCATIONAL REGULATION SHIFTS IN THE TURKISH EDUCATION SYSTEM AND THE ATTITUDES OF SCHOOL MANAGERS TOWARDS THESE SHIFTS

The reform struggles in different dimensions, the educational ministers of diverse governments, the shifts in the Ministry of National Education in short periods, and following new politics with the new coming governments in the system brought educational regulation shifts frequently. The issue must be handled in a spectrum of dimensions with the aim of bringing a light to the outcomes of the applications of educational regulation shifts. The general aim of this study is to investigate and clarify the regulation shifts in the Turkish educational system and the attitudes of school managers towards these shifts. A convergent parallel method, which is among the mix method research designs, was used in the study. The sampling includes 223 school managers from nursery schools, primary schools, secondary schools, high schools-working in Mersin and Adana cities in 2016/2017 educational year. The study has been conducted by an instrument with three parts: the first part consists of demographic data, the second part covers a semi-structured interview form designed by the researchers (applied to 60 managers), and the third part includes the scale of preparedness for changes designed by Kondakçı and his friends (2010). Descriptive analysis is employed for qualitative data, while the quantitative data were analysed by SPSS. The results of the study suggest that the Ministry of National Education very often introduces structural regulation shifts and transformations and this has a negative effect on the educational system. The frequent changes also show that managers’ attitudes towards being prepared to the shifts are quite high.

Kaynakça

Armenakis, A. A., & Bedeian, A. G. (1999). Organizational Change: A Review of Theory and Research in the 1990s. Journal of Management, 25(3), 293–315.

Aydoğan, İ. (2007). Değişimin Süreci ve Okul Personeli. GAU J. Soc. & Appl. Sci., 3(5), 13–24.

Burke, W. W. (2017). Organization Change: Theory and practice. London: Sage Publications.

Coghlan, D. (1993). Learning from Emotions Through Journaling. Journal of Management Education, 17(1), 90– 94.

Creswell, J. W. (2013). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. Sage publications.

Dawson, J. F. (2003). Do we have enough? The Accuracy of Incomplete Data from Small Groups. In Academy of Management Proceedings (Vol. 2003, pp. A1–A6). Academy of Management.

Deryal, Y. (2007). Temel Hukuk Bilgisi. Trabzon: Derya Kitabevi.

Devos, G., Bouckenooghe, D., Engels, N., Hotton, G., & Aelterman, a. (2007). An Assessment of Well-Being of Principals in Flemish Primary Schools. Journal of Educational Administration, 45(1), 33–61. https://doi.org/10.1108/09578230710722449

Fullan, M. (2001). The New Meaning of Educational Change. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 2(4), 336–343. https://doi.org/10.1080/0924345910020406

Gür, B. (2005). Eğitimde Sistematik Ahenk. Yarın, 36, 60–65.

Gür, B., & Çelik, Z. (2009). Türkiye’de Millî Eğitim Sistemi Yapısal Sorunlar ve Öneriler. Seta Rapor (Vol. 1).

Hanson, M. (2001). Institutional Theory and Educational Change. Educational Administration Quarterly, 37(5), 637–661. https://doi.org/10.1177/00131610121969479

Hargreaves, A. (2004). Inclusive and Exclusive Educational Change: Emotional Responses of Teachers and Implications for Leadership. School Leadership & Management, 24(3), 287–309. https://doi.org/10.1080/1363243042000266936

Helvacı, M. A. (2010). Okullarımız Değişime / Yeniliğe Ne Kadar Hazır ? Eğitim-Bir-Sen, 17, 47–53.

Helvacı, M. A., & Kıcıroğlu, B. (2010). İlköğretim Okullarının Değişime Hazır Bulunuşluk Düzeyleri (Uşak İli Örneği). Akademik Bakış Dergisi , (21), 1–30.

Jennings, J. (2012). Reflections on a Half-Century of School Reform: Why Have We Fallen Short and Where Do We Go from Here?. Center on Education Policy. https://doi.org/10.1097/00001888-199302000-00036

Kavanagh, M. H., & Ashkanasy, N. M. (2006). The Impact of Leadership and Change Management Strategy on Organizational Culture and Individual Acceptance of Change During a Merger. British Journal of Management, 17(S1).

Kepenekçi, Y. K. (2004). İlköğretim Okulu Yöneticilerinin Eğitim Mevzuatına İlişkin Görüşleri. Eğitim Bilimleri ve Uygulama, 3(6), 159–174.

Kondakçı, Y. (2005). Practice-Based Continuous Change Process: A Longitudinal Investigation of an Organizational Change Process in a Higher Education Organization. Ghent University, Ghent.

Kondakçı, Y., Zayim, M., & Çalışkan, Ö. (2010). Okul Yöneticilerinin Değişime Hazır Olma Tutumlarının Okulun Öğretim Düzeyi Yöneticilerin Deneyimi ve Okul Büyüklüğü Bağlamında İncelenmesi. İnönü Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 11(2). https://doi.org/10.17679/IUEFD.21154

Lines, R. (2005). The Structure and Function of Attitudes Toward Organizational Change. Human Resource Development Review. https://doi.org/10.1177/1534484304273818

Lunenburg, F. C., & Ornstein, A. C. (2008). Educational Administration: Concepts and Practices ((5th ed)). Wadsworth, Belmont, CA.

Nadler, B. (1981). Public Law 94-142: One Response to the Personnel Development Mandate.

O’Connor, D. J. (2016). An Introduction to the Philosophy of Education. Routledge.

Rosenblatt, Z. (2004). Skill Flexibility and School Change: A Multi-National Study. Journal of Educational Change, 5(1), 1–30.

Self, D. R. (2007). Overcoming Resistance to Change by Managing Readiness for Change. Development and Learning in Organizations.

Stoll, L. (1999). Realising Our Potential: Understanding and Developing Capacity for Lasting Improvement. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 10(4), 503–532. https://doi.org/10.1076/sesi.10.4.503.3494

Todnem, R. T. (2005). Organisational Change Management: A Critical Review. Journal of Change Management, 5(4), 369–380. https://doi.org/10.1080/14697010500359250

Yeniçeri, Ö. (2002). Örgütsel Değişmenin Yönetimi. Ankara: Nobel Yayın Dağıtım.

Yıldırım, A., & Şimşek, H. (2013). Sosyal Bilimlerde Nitel Araştırma Yöntemleri (9. Baskı). Ankara: Seçkin Yayıncılık.

Yılmaz, D., & Kılıçoğlu, G. (2013). Resistance to Change and Ways of Rreducing Resistance in Educational Organizations. European Journal of Research on Education, 1(1), 14–21.

Zadeoğluları, S. (2009). Örgütsel Değişime Açıklık ve Örgütsel Bağlılık İlişkisi. Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi, İzmir.

Kaynak Göster