PROSPECTS FOR CRIMINAL JURY JUSTICE IN AZERBAIJAN: COMPARATIVE STUDY

Azerbaycan Cumhuriyeti, ceza hukuku mevzuatına jüri yargılama usulünü dâhil eden, yakın zamanda bağımsızlığını kazanan ülkelerden birisidir. Bununla birlikte, şimdiye kadar, komşusunun – ortak bir Sovyet geçmişini paylaşan Rusya Federasyonu’nun – aksine, Azerbaycan bu tür yargılama usulünü uygulamada henüz kullanmamıştır. Ceza adaleti sistemini düzenleyen mevzuatın da dâhil olmak üzere, Azerbaycan hukukunun birçok alanında Rus kanun yapma tekniğinin etkisi hala belirgin biçimde görünmektedir. Bu makalede, jüri yargılama usulünün Rusya’nın ceza adaleti sistemindeki etkilerini inceleyeceğiz. Rus ceza yargılaması sistemindeki beraat oranlarına ilişkin verilere dayanarak, jüri yargılamasının gelişmesine ve bunun Azerbaycan ceza yargılaması üzerindeki etkilerine ilişkin muhtemel rotalar çizeceğiz. Kısaca, bu makalenin iki temel amacı var: (i) Jüri yargılama usulünün ulusal ceza yargılaması sisteminde gündeme gelmesine ve bu usulün mevcut olduğu sistemlerin nasıl etkilendiğine ilişkin karşılaştırmalı araştırma tekniği kullanılarak genelleştirilebilecek bulguları tespit etmek; (ii) Rus tecrübesinden ders almak ve Rusya ve Azerbaycan ceza yargılaması sistemlerinin karşılaştırılarak incelenmesine dayanarak Azerbaycan Cumhuriyeti’nde jüri yargılaması usulünün uygulanmasına ilişkin perspektifleri ana hatlarıyla belirlemek.

AZERBAYCAN CEZA YARGILAMASINDA JÜRİ SİSTEMİNE İLİŞKİN BEKLENTİLER: KARŞILAŞTIRMALI ARAŞTIRMA

The Republic of Azerbaijan is one of the newly independent states that have introduced jury trials in criminal justice legislation. However, so far, unlike its neighbor – the Russian Federation that shares a common Soviet background – Azerbaijan has not yet implemented such trials in practice. The influence of Russian law-making model in most aspects of the Azerbaijani law, including legislation regulating criminal justice administration, is still evident. This article analyzes the effects of jury trials over criminal justice system of Russia. Based on findings relevant to the acquittal rates in the Russian criminal justice, the article will suggest possible pathways of jury trial development and its effects on similar criminal justice system of Azerbaijan. In sum, the article has two main objectives: (i) to identify through comparative analysis generalizable findings on the role that jury trials come to play in national criminal justice systems and how the overall system where such proceedings exist is affected; (ii) to draw lessons from the Russian experience and outline perspectives on the application of jury trials in the Republic of Azerbaijan based on comparative analysis of the criminal justice systems of Russia and Azerbaijan.

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