ÖRGÜTLERDE MESLEKİ BAĞLILIĞIN İŞE ADANMIŞLIK ÜZERİNDEKİ ETKİSİNE YÖNELİK BİR ARAŞTIRMA

Bu çalışmanın amacı; çalışanların mesleğe bağlılık düzeyleri ile işe adanmışlık düzeyleri arasında anlamlı bir ilişki olup olmadığını belirlemek, eğer anlamlı bir ilişki var ise çalışanlarda gelişen mesleki bağlılığın işe adanma üzerindeki etkisini saptamak ve işe adanmışlığın demografik faktörlere göre farklılık durumlarını istatistiki olarak incelemektir. Bu amaca bağlı olarak Karabük ilindeki Küçük ve Orta Ölçekli İşletmelerde çalışmakta olan 192 işgörenden anket yöntemiyle veri elde edilmiştir. Elde edilen bu veriler SPSS programı ile değerlendirilmiş, güvenilirlik, frekans, korelasyon, basit doğrusal regresyon, Kruskal Wallis H ve Mann-Whitney U testleri ile analiz edilmiştir. Gerçekleştirilen analizler sonucunda; çalışanların mesleki bağlılık düzeyleri ile işe adanmışlıkları arasında çok yüksek seviyede ve pozitif yönde anlamlı bir ilişki olduğu, işe adanmışlık düzeyindeki değişimin %68,7’sini mesleki bağlılıktaki değişimin açıkladığı, çalışanların mesleklerine olan bağlılık düzeylerindeki 1 birimlik artışın işe adanmışlık üzerinde 1.530 birimlik bir artışa neden olduğu belirlenmiştir. Gerçekleştirilen farklılık analizleri sonucunda; işe adanmışlığın cinsiyete, yaşa, eğitim durumuna ve iş deneyimine göre anlamlı bir farklılık göstermediği, gelir düzeyi ve faaliyet alanına göre ise anlamlı bir farklılık gösterdiği belirlenmiştir. Buna göre; 1000-2000TL ile 2001-3000TL arasında gelire sahip olanlarda ve ulaştırma ve depolama alanında çalışanlarda işe adanmışlığın en yüksek seviyede olduğu saptanmıştır.

A STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF OCCUPATIONAL COMMITMENT ON WORK ENGAGEMENT IN ORGANIZATIONS

The purpose of this study is to determine whether there is a meaningful relationship between employees’ level of commitment to the job and their level of work engagement and if there is a meaningful relationship, then the aim is to determine the impact of their professional engagement on the job commitment and to statistically examine the cases where the commitment to work differs according to the demographic factors. In accordance with this aim, data were obtained from 192 employees working in Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in Karabük. The obtained data were evaluated by SPSS program and analyzed by reliability, frequency, correlation, simple linear regression, Kruskal Wallis H and Mann-Whitney U tests. According to the result of analysis; it has been found that there is a significant relationship between the level of professional engagement of employees and their commitment to work at a very high level and positive direction, 68.7% of the change in job commitment is due to change in the level of engagement to work and a 1-unit increase in the level of employees' work engagement leads to a 1.530-unit increase in their professional commitment. The result of the difference analysis demonstrated that commitment to work did not show any significant difference according to sex, age, educational status and work experience, but showed a significant difference according to income level and field of sector. Thus; it has been determined that those who have an income between 1000-2000 TL and 2001-3000 TL and those who work in transportation and storage are at the highest level of commitment to work.

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