Effect of transportation distance and crating density on preslaughter losses and blood biochemical profile in broilers during hot and humid weather

Öz Transportation of broilers from different localities to the processing plants is a critical step in the farm to fork chain, and any disturbance in this chain may result in worst consequences. Keeping this scenario in view, a study was conducted to determine the live losses at different transportation distances ~80, 160, 240 km and crating densities 10, 12, 15 birds/crate during hot and humid summer. The uniform weight birds were picked from a farm and placed in plastic crates 0.91 m × 0.55 m . The results showed a significant increase in body weight loss and dead on arrival % with the increase in transportation distance and crating density in broiler. The long journey 240 km was also associated with significantly lower carcass and breast yield, and significantly higher catalase activity and uric acid concentration. An increase in crating density above 10 birds/crate resulted in a significant decrease in carcass and thigh yield in broiler. Similarly, placing 15 birds/crate showed significantly higher serum catalase activity and protein levels. Physical injuries, bruises, serum triiodothyronine T3 and thyroxine T4 remained unaffected from either transportation distance or crating density. Thus, transportation below 80 km and crating density below 12 birds/crate during hot and humid weather may be considered as less stressful for broilers.

Kaynakça

1. Solomon S, Qin D, Manning M, Chen Z, Marquis M et al. (editors). IPCC. Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press; 2007.

2. Zahid M, Rasul G. Thermal classification of Pakistan. Atmospheric and Climate Sciences 2011; 1 (4): 206-213. doi: 10.4236/acs.2011.14023

3. Hunter RR, Mitchell MA, Matheu C. Mortality of broiler chickens in transit–correlation with the thermal microenvironment. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium; Louisville, Kentucky, USA; 2001. pp. 542-549.

4. Yalçin S, Özkan S, Türkmut L, Siegel PB. Responses to heat stress in commercial and local broiler stocks. 1. Performance traits. British Poultry Science 2001; 42: 149-152. doi: 10.1080/00071660120048375

5. Simões GS, Oba A, Matsuo T, Rossa A, Shimokomaki M et al. Vehicle thermal microclimate evaluation during Brazilian summer broiler transport and the occurrence of PSE (pale, soft, exudative) meat. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology 2009; 52: 195-204. doi: 10.1590/S1516-89132009000700025

6. Spurio RS, Soares AL, Carvalho RH, Silveira V Jr, Grespan M et al. Improving transport container design to reduce broiler chicken PSE (pale, soft, exudative) meat in Brazil. Animal Science Journal 2016; 87: 277-283. doi: 10.1111/asj.12407

7. Mitchell MA, Kettlewell PJ. Welfare of poultry during transport: a review. In: Proceedings of 8th Poultry Welfare Symposium; Cervia, Italy; 2009. pp. 90-100.

8. Kannan G, Heath JL, Wabeck CJ, Souza MCP, Howe JC et al. Effects of crating and transport on stress and meat quality characteristics in broilers. Poultry Science 1997; 76: 523-529. doi: 10.1093/ps/76.3.523

9. Chauvin C, Hillion S, Balaine L, Michel V, Peraste J et al. Factors associated with mortality of broilers during transport. Animal 2011; 5 (2): 287-293. doi: 10.1017/S1751731110001916

10. Bianchi M, Petracci M, Cavani C. Effects of transport and lairage on mortality, liveweight loss and carcass quality in broiler chickens. Italian Journal of Animal Science 2005; 4 (Suppl. 2): 516-518. doi: 10.4081/ijas.2005.2s.516

11. Aral Y, Arıkan MS, Akın AC, Kuyululu CYK, Güloğlu SC et al. Economic losses due to live weight shrinkage and mortality during the broiler transport. Ankara Üniversitesi Veterinerlik Fakültesi Dergisi 2014; 61 (3): 205-210.

12. Vecerek V, Grbalova S, Voslarova E, Janackova B, Malena M et al. Effects of travel distance and the season of the year on death rates of broilers transported to poultry processing plants. Poultry Science 2006; 85: 1881-1884. doi: 10.1093/ ps/85.11.1881

13. Arikan MS, Akin AC, Akcay A, Aral Y, Sariozkan S et al. Effects of transportation distance, slaughter age, and seasonal factors on total losses in broiler chickens. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science 2017; 19 (3): 421-428. doi: 10.1590/1806-9061-2016- 0429

14. Sowińska J, Wójcik A, Pomianowski JF, Chorąży Ł, Mituniewicz T et al. Effects of different variants of pre-slaughter transport on body weight loss and meat quality in broiler chickens. Medycyna Weterynaryjna 2013; 69 (7): 420-423.

15. Ulupi N, Aryani SS, Evni FT, Nugraha R. Effects of transportation duration on broiler chicken physiology and performance factors. International Journal of Poultry Science 2018; 17: 197-204. doi: 10.3923/ijps.2018.197.204

16. Whiting TL, Drain ME, Rasali DP. Warm weather transport of broiler chickens in Manitoba. II. Truck management factors associated with death loss in transit to slaughter. Canadian Veterinary Journal 2007; 48: 148-154.

17. Vieira FMC, Silva IJO, Barbosa Filho JAD, Vieira AMC. Reducing pre-slaughter losses of broilers: crating density effects under different lairage periods at slaughterhouse. Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology 2013; 1 (1): 1-6. doi: 10.14269/2318-1265.v01n01a01

18. Delezie E, Swennen Q, Buyse J, Decuypere E. The effect of feed withdrawal and crating density in transit on metabolism and meat quality of broilers at slaughter weight. Poultry Science 2007; 86: 1414-1423. doi: 10.1093/ps/86.7.1414

19. Elrom K. Handling and transportation of broilers-welfare, stress, fear and meat quality. Part IV: Handling of broilers. Israel Journal of Veterinary Medicine 2000; 55: 121-125.

20. Nijdam E, Arens P, Lambooij E, Decuypere E, Stegeman JA. Factors influencing bruises and mortality of broilers during catching, transport, and lairage. Poultry Science 2004; 83: 1610- 1615. doi: 10.1093/ps/83.9.1610

21. Voslarova E, Chloupek P, Vosmerova P, Chloupek J, Bedanova I et al. Time course changes in selected biochemical indices of broilers in response to pre transport handling. Poultry Science 2011; 90: 2144-2152. doi: 10.3382/ps.2011-01473

22. Yalçin S, Özkan S, Oktay G, Çabuk M, Erbayraktar Z et al. Age-related effects of catching, crating, and transportation at different seasons on core body temperature and physiological blood parameters in broilers. Journal of Applied Poultry Research 2004; 13: 549-560. doi: 10.1093/japr/13.4.549

23. Zhang L, Yue HY, Zhang HJ, Xu L, Wu SG et al. Transport stress in broilers: I. Blood metabolism, glycolytic potential, and meat quality. Poultry Science 2009; 88: 2033-2041. doi: 10.3382/ ps.2009-00128

24. Vošmerová P, Chloupek J, Bedanova I, Chloupek P, Kruzikova K et al. Changes in selected biochemical indices related to transport of broilers to slaughterhouse under different ambient temperatures. Poultry Science 2010; 89: 2719-2725. doi: 10.3382/ps.2010-00709

25. Doktor J, Połtowicz K. Effect of transport to the slaughterhouse on stress indicators and meat quality of broiler chickens. Annals of Animal Science 2009; 9 (3): 307-317.

26. Hadwan MH, Abed HN. Data supporting the spectrophotometric method for the estimation of catalase activity. Data in Brief 2016; 6: 194-199. doi: 10.1016/j.dib.2015.12.012

27. SAS Institute. SAS User’s Guide: Statistics, Release 9.4. Cary, NC, USA: SAS Institute; 2013.

28. Mitchell MA, Kettlewell PJ. Physiological stress and welfare of broiler chickens in transit: solutions not problems! Poultry Science 1998; 77: 1803-1814. doi: 10.1093/ps/77.12.1803

29. Savenije B, Lambooij E, Gerritzen MA, Venema K, Korf J. Effects of feed deprivation and transport on preslaughter blood metabolites, early postmortem muscle metabolites, and meat quality. Poultry Science 2002; 81: 699-708. doi: 10.1093/ ps/81.5.699

30. Warriss PD, Wilkins LJ, Brown SN, Phillips AJ, Allen V. Defaecation and weight of the gastrointestinal tract contents after feed and water withdrawal in broilers. British Poultry Science 2004; 45: 61-66. doi: 10.1080/0007166041668879

31. Elsayed MA. Effects of length of shipping distance and season of the year temperature stress on death rates and physiological condition of broilers on arrival to slaughterhouse. Journal of Nuclear Technology in Applied Science 2014; 2 (4): 453-463.

32. Holm CGP, Fletcher DL. Antemortem holding temperatures and broiler breast meat quality. Journal of Applied Poultry Research 1997; 6 (2): 180-184. doi: 10.1093/japr/6.2.180

33. Simmons JD, Lott BD, May JD. Heat loss from broiler chickens subjected to various air speeds and ambient temperatures. Applied Engineering in Agriculture 1997; 13: 665-669. doi: 10.13031/2013.21645

34. Balnave D. Increased utilization of sensible heat loss mechanisms in high temperature, high humidity conditions. World’s Poultry Science Journal 1998; 54: 69-72. doi: 10.1079/ WPS19980006

35. Warriss PD, Bevis EA, Brown SN, Edwards JE. Longer journeys to processing plants are associated with higher mortality in broiler chickens. British Poultry Science 1992; 33: 201-206. doi: 10.1080/00071669208417458

36. Moran ET Jr, Bilgili SE. Influence of broiler live haul on carcass quality and further processing yields. Journal of Applied Poultry Research 1995; 4: 13-22. doi: 10.1093/japr/4.1.13

37. Farsaie A, Carr LE, Wabeck CJ. Mechanical harvest of broilers. Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers 1983; 26: 1650-1653. doi: 10.13031/2013.33818

38. Ekstrand C. An observational cohort study of the effects of catching method on carcass rejection rates in broilers. Animal Welfare 1998; 7: 87-96.

39. Mazanowski A. Czynniki wpływające na efektywność odchowu kurcząt brojlerów. Cz. IV (Profilaktyka odchowu). Polskie Drobiarstwo 1997; 5: 2-4 (in Polish).

40. Taylor NL, Fletcher DL, Northcutt JK, Lacy MP. Effect of transport cage height on broiler live shrink and defecation patterns. Journal of Applied Poultry Research 2001; 10 (4): 335-339. doi: 10.1093/japr/10.4.335

41. Sahin K, Sahin N, Kucuk O. Effects of chromium, and ascorbic acid supplementation on growth, carcass traits, serum metabolites, and antioxidant status of broiler chickens reared at a high ambient temperature (32°C). Nutrition Research 2003; 23: 225-238. doi: 10.1016/S0271-5317(02)00513-4

42. Lin H, Decuypere E, Buyse J. Acute heat stress induces oxidative stress in broiler chickens. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology 2006; 144 (1): 11-17. doi: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2006.01.032

43. Joiner WP, Huston TM. The influence of high environmental temperature on immature domestic fowl. Poultry Science 1957; 36: 973-978. doi: 10.3382/ps.0360973

44. Cadenas E, Davies KJA. Mitochondrial free radical generation, oxidative stress and aging. Free Radical Biology and Medicine 2000; 29 (3-4): 222-230. doi: 10.1016/S0891-5849(00)00317-8

45. Dröge W. Free radicals in the physiological control of cell function. Physiological Reviews 2002; 82: 47-95. doi: 10.1152/ physrev.00018.2001

46. Ismail IB, Al-Busadah KA, El-Bahr SM. Oxidative stress biomarkers and biochemical profile in broilers chicken fed zinc bacitracin and ascorbic acid under hot climate. American Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 2013; 3: 202- 214. doi: 10.3923/ajbmb.2013.202.214

47. Hilmann PE, Scott NR, Van Tienhoven A. Physiological responses, and adaptations to hot, and cold environments. In: Yousef MK (editor). Stress Physiology in Livestock. Boca Raton, FL, USA: CRC Press; 1985. pp. 1-71.

48. Warriss PD, Kestin SC, Brown SN, Knowles TG, Wilkens LJ et al. Depletion of glycogen stores and indices of dehydration in transported broilers. British Veterinary Journal 1993; 149 (4): 391-398. doi: 10.1016/S0007-1935(05)80078-8

49. Suchy P, Bedanova I, Vecerek V, Voslarova E, Pistekova V et al. Effect of transport stress and floor space reduction on selected biochemical indices in common pheasant (Phasianus colchicus). European Poultry Science 2007; 71: 56-61.

50. Kataria N, Kataria AK, Gahlot AK. Ambient temperature associated variations in serum hormones and interrelated analytes of broiler chickens in arid tract. Slovenian Veterinary Research 2008; 45: 127-133.

51. Khan WA, Khan A, Anjuman AD, Rehman ZU. Effects of induced heat stress on some biochemical values in broiler chicks. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 2002; 4: 74-75.

52. Sarkar P, Ghosh S, Batabyal S, Chatterjee S. Biochemical stress responses of broiler chickens during transport. Indian Journal of Animal Research 2013; 47 (1): 29-34.

53. Becker BF. Towards the physiological function of uric acid. Free Radical Biology and Medicine 1993; 14 (6): 615-631. doi: 10.1016/0891-5849(93)90143-I

54. Simoyi MF, Van Dyke K, Klandorf H. Manipulation of plasma uric acid in broiler chicks and its effect on leukocyte oxidative activity. American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology 2002; 282 (3): 791- 796. doi: 10.1152/ajpregu.00437.2001

55. Hartman S, Taleb SA, Geng T, Gyenai K, Guan X et al. Comparison of plasma uric acid levels in five varieties of the domestic turkey, Meleagris gallopavo. Poultry Science 2006; 85 (10): 1791-1794. doi: 10.1093/ps/85.10.1791

56. Siegel HS, Van Kampen M. Energy relationships in growing chickens given daily injection of corticosterone. British Poultry Science 1984; 25: 477-485. doi: 10.1080/00071668408454889

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @ { tbtkveterinary724470, journal = {Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences}, issn = {1300-0128}, eissn = {1303-6181}, address = {}, publisher = {TÜBİTAK}, year = {2020}, volume = {44}, pages = {418 - 426}, doi = {10.3906/vet-1905-85}, title = {Effect of transportation distance and crating density on preslaughter losses and blood biochemical profile in broilers during hot and humid weather}, key = {cite}, author = {Hussnaın, Faısal and Mahmud, Athar and Mahmood, Shahıd and Jaspal, Muhammad Hayat} }
APA Hussnaın, F , Mahmud, A , Mahmood, S , Jaspal, M . (2020). Effect of transportation distance and crating density on preslaughter losses and blood biochemical profile in broilers during hot and humid weather . Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences , 44 (2) , 418-426 . DOI: 10.3906/vet-1905-85
MLA Hussnaın, F , Mahmud, A , Mahmood, S , Jaspal, M . "Effect of transportation distance and crating density on preslaughter losses and blood biochemical profile in broilers during hot and humid weather" . Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences 44 (2020 ): 418-426 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tbtkveterinary/issue/53838/724470>
Chicago Hussnaın, F , Mahmud, A , Mahmood, S , Jaspal, M . "Effect of transportation distance and crating density on preslaughter losses and blood biochemical profile in broilers during hot and humid weather". Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences 44 (2020 ): 418-426
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of transportation distance and crating density on preslaughter losses and blood biochemical profile in broilers during hot and humid weather AU - Faısal Hussnaın , Athar Mahmud , Shahıd Mahmood , Muhammad Hayat Jaspal Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.3906/vet-1905-85 DO - 10.3906/vet-1905-85 T2 - Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 418 EP - 426 VL - 44 IS - 2 SN - 1300-0128-1303-6181 M3 - doi: 10.3906/vet-1905-85 UR - https://doi.org/10.3906/vet-1905-85 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Effect of transportation distance and crating density on preslaughter losses and blood biochemical profile in broilers during hot and humid weather %A Faısal Hussnaın , Athar Mahmud , Shahıd Mahmood , Muhammad Hayat Jaspal %T Effect of transportation distance and crating density on preslaughter losses and blood biochemical profile in broilers during hot and humid weather %D 2020 %J Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences %P 1300-0128-1303-6181 %V 44 %N 2 %R doi: 10.3906/vet-1905-85 %U 10.3906/vet-1905-85
ISNAD Hussnaın, Faısal , Mahmud, Athar , Mahmood, Shahıd , Jaspal, Muhammad Hayat . "Effect of transportation distance and crating density on preslaughter losses and blood biochemical profile in broilers during hot and humid weather". Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences 44 / 2 (Mart 2020): 418-426 . https://doi.org/10.3906/vet-1905-85
AMA Hussnaın F , Mahmud A , Mahmood S , Jaspal M . Effect of transportation distance and crating density on preslaughter losses and blood biochemical profile in broilers during hot and humid weather. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences. 2020; 44(2): 418-426.
Vancouver Hussnaın F , Mahmud A , Mahmood S , Jaspal M . Effect of transportation distance and crating density on preslaughter losses and blood biochemical profile in broilers during hot and humid weather. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences. 2020; 44(2): 418-426.
IEEE F. Hussnaın , A. Mahmud , S. Mahmood ve M. Jaspal , "Effect of transportation distance and crating density on preslaughter losses and blood biochemical profile in broilers during hot and humid weather", Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, c. 44, sayı. 2, ss. 418-426, Mar. 2020, doi:10.3906/vet-1905-85

2317 1506

Arşiv
Sayıdaki Diğer Makaleler

Expression profiles of lincRNA and mRNA related to milk yield and milk composition traits in the milk-derived exosomes of Holstein and Doğu Anadolu Kırmızısı cows

Selçuk ÖZDEMİR, Ömer ELTAS, Muhammed Hüdai ÇULHA

The investigation of the possible antigenotoxic in vivo effects of pomegranate Punica granatum L. peel extract on mitomycin-C genotoxicity

Erhan ULUMAN, Pınar Aksu KILIÇLE

Effects of live yeast on the rumen fermentation parameters and milk performance of Simmental dairy cows during the hot season

Habip MURUZ, Mehmet GÜL

Growth performance, survival rate, flesh, and proximate composition of sex-grouped triploid and diploid Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)

Akhmad Taufıq MUKTI, Odang CARMAN, Alimuddin ALIMUDDIN, Muhammad ZAIRIN JR., Muhammad Agus SUPRAYUDI

Base study for the establishment of national Salmonella control program in hatching farms and table eggs in Turkey

Kadir Serdar DİKER, Muammer GÖNCÜOĞLU, Güzin ŞAHİN, Mehmet AKAN, İsmayil Safa GÜRCAN, Hamit Kaan MÜŞTAK, Naim Deniz AYAZ, Seyyide SARIÇAM, Merve Özdal SALAR, Hafize Dilşad AÇIKALIN, Gültekin ÜNAL, Fethiye ÇÖVEN, Asiye DAKMAN, İrem GÜLAÇTI, Emine Nazan UZUNBOY, Çumra YILDIRIM, Kamile KESLER, Seden Arzu BİRİNCİ, Hülya

Heritability and genetic correlations between weight gains in Murrah, Mediterranean, and Jaffarabadi buffaloes raised in Brazil, employing Bayesian inference

Marcos Paulo Gonçalves De REZENDE, Paulo Luız Souza CARNEIRO, Johnny Iglesıas Mendes ARAUJO, André Campêlo ARAUJO, Barbara Machado CAMPOS, Rıccardo MORETTI, Leonardo Gomes SITORSKY, Wéverton José Lıma FONSECA, Rıccardo BOZZI, Carlos Henrıque Mendes MALHADO

Effect of transportation distance and crating density on preslaughter losses and blood biochemical profile in broilers during hot and humid weather

Faısal HUSSNAIN, Athar MAHMUD, Shahıd MAHMOOD, Muhammad Hayat JASPAL

The effects of different doses of diclofenac sodium on newborn rat hippocampus exposed during the third trimester

Ebru ELİBOL, Süleyman KAPLAN, Gamze ALTUN, Abdurrahman AKSOY, Berrin Zuhal ALTUNKAYNAK

Nutrient digestibility, performance, and egg quality traits of quails raised in different stocking densities and ascorbic acid supplementation in a hot, tropical environment

Adı RATRIYANTO, Firmanda FIRMANDA, Henı PURWANTI, Murjoko MURJOKO

Embryonic mortality in sheep: a review

Pavıtra CHUNDEKKAD, Barbara BLASZCZYK, Tomasz STANKIEWICZ