Psikolojik travma bireyin savaş, tecavüz, doğal afet, ani gelişen hastalık gibi olaylar ya da durumlarla yüz yüze geldiğinde verdiği duygusal (emosyonel) ve bilişsel (kognitif) tepkilerin bütünü olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Travma sonrası büyüme (TSB) ise, travmaya ya da ağır bir hayat krizine bağlı, bireyin kendine bakışında, kişiler arasında ilişkilerinde, hayat felsefesinde olumlu yönde değişiklik olmasıdır. Hasta için yaşadığı süreçleri anlamaya yönelik olması ve TSB'yi etkileyebilecek bilişsel, dinamik, varoluşsal etmenleri inceleyen niteliksel araştırma yöntemlerinin kullanılması faydalı olacaktır
Psychological trauma is described as forening of cognitive and emotional response which is reacted when a person confronts with events that occurs suddenly such as war, rape, natural disaster, acute disease. Posttraumatic growth (PTG) refers to positive psychological change in his or her view of his or her self-concept and perception of life experienced as a result of the struggle with highly challenging life circumstances. While using qualitative research methods evaluating cognitive, dynamic, ontological factors that influence PTG, future studies that will be achieved to understand every each patients’ experiences and PTG will be beneficial
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