Kanser hastalarında travma sonrası büyüme kavramı

Psikolojik travma bireyin savaş, tecavüz, doğal afet, ani gelişen hastalık gibi olaylar ya da durumlarla yüz yüze geldiğinde verdiği duygusal (emosyonel) ve bilişsel (kognitif) tepkilerin bütünü olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Travma sonrası büyüme (TSB) ise, travmaya ya da ağır bir hayat krizine bağlı, bireyin kendine bakışında, kişiler arasında ilişkilerinde, hayat felsefesinde olumlu yönde değişiklik olmasıdır. Hasta için yaşadığı süreçleri anlamaya yönelik olması ve TSB'yi etkileyebilecek bilişsel, dinamik, varoluşsal etmenleri inceleyen niteliksel araştırma yöntemlerinin kullanılması faydalı olacaktır

Posttraumatic growth concept in cancer patients

Psychological trauma is described as forening of cognitive and emotional response which is reacted when a person confronts with events that occurs suddenly such as war, rape, natural disaster, acute disease. Posttraumatic growth (PTG) refers to positive psychological change in his or her view of his or her self-concept and perception of life experienced as a result of the struggle with highly challenging life circumstances. While using qualitative research methods evaluating cognitive, dynamic, ontological factors that influence PTG, future studies that will be achieved to understand every each patients’ experiences and PTG will be beneficial

___

1. Gyllensköld K. On having breast cancer--psychologic reactions at discovery and information about the diagnosis. Lakartidningen 1974; 71: 2471-4.

2. Hoorens I, Vossaert K, Pil L, et al. Total-Body Examination vs LesionDirected Skin Cancer Screening. JAMA Dermatol 2016; 152: 27-34.

3. Smaldone MC, Uzzo RG. The Kubler-Ross model, physician distress, and performance reporting. Nat Rev Urol 2013; 107: 425-8.

4. Bulman AS, Heyderman E. Calcitonin not a cellular tumour marker in breast cancer. Lancet. 1983; 12; 351.

5. Jim HS, Jacobsen PB. Posttraumatic stress and posttraumatic growth in cancer survivorship: a review. Cancer J 2008; 14: 414-9.

6. Tedeschi RG, Calhoun LG. The Posttraumatic Growth Inventory: measuring the positive legacy of trauma. J Trauma Stress 1998; 9: 455-71.

7. Tedeschi RG, Calhoun LG. Posttraumatic growth: Conceptual foundations and empirical evidence. Psychological Inquiry 2004; 15: 1-18.

8. Bellizzi KM, Blank TO. Predicting posttraumatic growth in breast cancer survivors. Health Psycholgy 2006; 25: 47-56.

9. Sheikh AL. Posttraumatic Growth in the Context of Heart Disease. Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings 2004; 11: 265-73.

10. Linley PA, Joseph S. Positive change following trauma and adversity: a review. J Trauma Stress 2004; 17: 11-21.

11. Kalaycı S. Kansere Gülümsemek. 1. Baskı, Bilge Karınca Yayınları, İstanbul, 2004; 18-97.

12. Zoellner T, Maercker A. Posttraumatic growth in clinical psychology - a critical review and introduction of a two component model. Clin Psychol Rev 2006; 265: 626-53.

13. Cordova, MJ, Cunningham, LLC, Carlson CR et al. Posttraumatic Growth Following Breast Cancer: A Controlled Comprasion Study. Health Psychology 2001; 20: 176-185.

14. Andrykowski MA, Cordova MJ, McGrath PC et al. Stability and Change in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms Following Breast Cancer Treatment: A 1-Year Follow-Up. Psycho-Oncology 2000;9: 69-78.

15. Parry C, Chesler MA. Thematic evidence of psychosocial thriving in childhood cancer survivors.. Qual Health Res 2005;15: 1055-73.

16. Meyerowitz BE. Psychosocial correlates of breast cancer and its treatments. Psychol Bull 1980; 87: 108-31.

17. Weiss E, Vorwerk H, Keall PJ, et al. Letter to the editor concerning Senan et al., Radiother Oncol 2004;71:139-146.

18. Manne S, Ostroff J, Wınkel G et al. Posttraumatic Growth After Breast Cancer: Patient, Partner, and Couple Perspectives. Psychosomatic Medicine 2004; 66: 442-54.

19. Thornton AA ve Perez MA. Posttraumatic Growth in Prostate Cancer Survivors and Their Partners. Psycho-Oncology 2006; 15: 285-96.

20. Bower JE, Meyerowitz BE, Desmond KA et al. Perceptions of positive meaning and vulnerability following breast cancer: predictors and outcomes among long-term breast cancer survivors. Ann Behav Med 2005; 29: 236-45.

21. Hegelson VS, Reynolds KA, Tomich PL. A meta-analytic review of benefit finding and growth. J Consult Clin Psychol 2006; 74: 797-816.

22. Tomich PL, Helgeson VS. Is finding something good in the bad always good? Benefit finding among women with breast cancer. Health Psychol 2004; 23: 16-23.

23. Sears SR, Stanton AL, Danoff-Burg S. The Yellow Brick Road and the Emerald City: Benefit Finding, Positive Reappraisal Coping, and Posttraumatic Growth in Women with Early-Stage Breast Cancer. Health Psychology 2003; 225: 487-97.

24. Linley PA, Joseph S. Positive Change Following Trauma and Adversity: A Review. J Trauma Stress 2011; 24: 85-92.

25. Schulz U, Mohamed NE. Turning the tide: benefit finding after cancer surgery. Soc Sci Med 2004; 59: 653-62.

26. Stanton AL, Danoff-Burg S, Huggins ME. The first year after breast cancer diagnosis: Hope and coping strategies as predictors of adjustment. Psychooncology 2002; 11: 93-102.

27. Mystakidou K, Tsilika E, Parpa E et al. Personal growth and psychological distress in advanced breast cancer. Breast 2008; 17: 382-6.

28. Zebrack B, Walsh K, Burg MA, Maramaldi P, Lim JW. Oncology social worker competencies and implications for education and training. Soc Work Health Care. 2008; 47: 355-75.

29. Soygür H, Özalp E, Başterzi AD. http:// www.psikiyatri.org.tr/ presses.aspxpress = 277&type = 23, 2010.

___