Okul Öncesi Çocuklarda Güvenli Yer Senaryolarının Değerlendirilmesi

John Bowlby ve Mary Ainsworth tarafından geliştirilen Bağlanma Kuramı, temel bakım veren kişi ve çocuk arasındaki ilişkinin çocuğun gelişimi süreci üzerindeki etkilerine odaklanmaktadır (Ainsworth ve Bowlby, 1991; Bowlby, 1969). Bağlanma Kuramı çerçevesinde, Bağlanmanın zihinsel temsili ile Benliğin Çalışan Modeli arasında güçlü ilişkiler olduğu kabul edilmektedir. Güvenli Yer Senaryoları yaklaşımı bağlanma temsillerinin değerlendirmek için geliştirilmiş görece yeni ve güvenilir bir yöntemdir. Bu çalışma, Güvenli Yer Senaryoları ve Benliğin Çalışan Modeli"arasındaki ilişkileri, 33'ü erkek ve 27'si kız olmak üzere 60 okul öncesi çocuktan oluşan bir örneklemde incelemektedir. Oyuncak Öykü Tamamlama Testi-TR ve yarı-yapılandırılmış bir görüşme olan Kukla Görüşmesi ölçüm araçları olarak kullanılmıştır. Sonuçlar, okul öncesi çocuklarda Benliğin zihinsel temsilinin ilişkisel bir bağlamda ortaya çıktığına ve Bağlanmanın Çalışan Modeliyle yakından ilişkili olduğuna işaret etmektedir. Ek olarak, Bağlanmanın Çalışan Modelinin etkisi davranışsal düzeyde de gözlenmiştir. Sonuçlar Bağlanmanın akran ilişkileri ve davranış kontrolü üzerinde anlamlı etkileri olabilceğine işaret etmektedir.

Assesment of Secure Base Script in Preschool Children

Attachment Theory, co-developed by John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth, focuses on the effects of the relationship between a primary care giver and a child in the course of a child's development (Ainsworth ve Bowlby, 1991; Bowlby, 1969). In the frame of Attachment Theory, it is assumed that there is a strong relationship between the mental representation of Attachment and the Working Model of Self. Secure Base Script approach, that is relatively new and reliable method, was produced for evaluating mental representation of attachment. This study examines the relation between Secure Base Scripts and Working Model of Self in a sample of 60 preschool children that contain 33 boys and 27 girls. As assessment instruments, Doll Family Story Completion Test-TR (DFSCT-TR) and Puppet Interview (PI) which is a semi-structural interview were utilized. Results indicated that mental representation of the Self in the preschool children occurs at the relational content and it's closely related to Working Model of Attachment that they have. In adddition, effects of the Working Model of Attachment are observed at the behavioral level. Results indicated that it may have significant influences on peers relationship and behavioral control.

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