A Visual Assessment of Roadside Poplar Plantings in Turkey

Öz Roadside plantings along urban and rural road corridors are designed to create visual effects as well as to provide functional benefits such as shading, screening or routing. Considering their potential for daily public use, roads and road corridors, as significant visual impact centers, can attract people’s attention and affect their points of view. Poplar species, which grow rapidly and easily along road corridors and can adapt to different ecological conditions swiftly, are used widely in both urban and rural landscapes in Turkey. The main objective of this study was to determine the visual structures dependent on the road-plant relationships of the poplar compositions that play an important role in shaping the roadside landscapes. For this purpose, compositions of poplar trees in selected urban and rural road corridors throughout Turkey were photographed and visual analysis techniques (VATs) were applied to determine visual preferences. Participants (n= 35) were shown 30 photographs, selected from the nearly 1000 taken, of road corridor poplar plantings and their evaluations were recorded in a questionnaire. In this survey, the people were requested to evaluate their appreciation levels towards the plantings as well as to express their other visual preferences and to assess visual quality. In addition, the association of all these evaluations with the demographic characteristics of the participants were determined. A correlation analysis was then performed to identify the relationships among all the visual assessments and a cluster analysis was conducted according to the visual status of the photographs in order to determine their groups. In the results of the study, the poplar trees, either individually or in the form of compositions, were reported to have a significant visual diversity. Moreover, the cluster analysis found the resulting three groups to be associated with leaf density, seasonal conditions and the trees as individuals or in groups. The seasonal variation factor in particular was shown to be visually effective in the poplar compositions. It was determined that visual perception of the poplar plantations differed in accordance with the demographic differences. This work established that poplar plantations as single trees or in groups and their proximity to the road altered visual preferences, and consequently, some suggestions were made concerning the use of poplars in roadside landscape planning.

___

Abonyi J & Feil B (2007). Cluster Analysis for Data Mining and System Identification. 1st ed. Birkhauser Verlag AG, Berlin

Acar C & Gülez S (2002). Ecological and visual structure along Trabzon-Rize coastal highway in Turkey. Journal of Balkan Ecology 5(2): 119-133

Acar C & Günay K (2014). Kentsel ulaşım peyzajı üzerine tasarım ve planlama önerileri. In: Şehircilik ve Ulaşım Planlaması Sempozyumu, 26 Eylül 2014, Trabzon Bildirler Kitapçığı, pp. 71-88

Acar C, Kurdoğlu B Ç, Kurdoğlu O & Acar H (2006). Public preferences for visual quality and management in the Kackar Mountains National Park (Turkey). International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology 13: 499-512

Acar C, Akkaya H, Ayhan N & Eroğlu E (2008). A visual assessment of coastline landscape design in eastern black sea region of Vakfıkebir. In: Abstract Book of MARENPOL 2008, Trabzon, pp. 38

Acar H, Eroğlu E & Acar C (2013). Landscape values of rocky habitats in urban and semi-urban context of Turkey: A study of Tokat city. Journal of Food Agriculture & Environment 11(2): 1200-1211

Akbar K F, Hale W & Headley A D (2003). Assessment of scenic beauty of the roadside vegetation in northern England. Landscape and Urban Planning 63: 139144

Atik M, Karagüzel O & Durak A (2013). Bitkisel tasarımda doğal bitki türleri ve Antalya örneğinde kullanım potansiyeli. In: V. Süs Bitkileri Kongresi Bildiriler Kitabı 1, 6-9 May, Yalova, pp. 117-125

Avşar M D & Ok T (2010). Using poplars (Populus spp. L.) in urban afforestation: Kahramanmaraş sample. Süleyman Demirel University, Journal of Faculty of Forestry 2: 127-135

Bell S (2004). Elements of Visual Design in the Landscape, 2nd ed. Spon Press, London and New York

Brown T C & Daniel T C (1990). Scaling of ratings: Concepts and methods. Research Paper RM-293.

Fort Collins, CO: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, 22

Bulut Z & Yilmaz H (2008). Determination of landscape beauties through visual quality assessment method: A case study for Kemaliye (Erzincan/Turkey). Environmental Monitoring and Assesment 141(1-3): 121-129

Cackowski J M & Nasar J L (2003). The restorative effects of roadside vegetation: implications for automobile driver anger and frustration. Environment and Behaviour 35(6): 736-751

Clay G R & Daniel T C (2000). Scenic landscape assessment: the effects of land management jurisdiction on public perception of scenic beauty. Landscape and Urban Planning 49(1-2): 1-13

Clay G R & Smidt R K (2004). Assessing the validity and reliability of descriptor variables used in scenic highway analysis. Landscape and Urban Planning 66(4): 239-255

Çepel N (1998). Peyzaj Ekolojisi. İstanbul University Faculty of Forestry Publications: 3510, İstanbul

Daniel T C & Vining J (1983). Methodological issues in the assessment of landscape quality. In: I Altman & F Wohlwill (Eds), Behavior and the Natural Environment, Plenum Press, New York

Dell’Acqua G & Russo F (2010). Descriptors in scenic highway analysis: A test study along Italian road corridors. International Journal for Traffic and Transport Engineering 1(2): 73-88

Demir Z & Eroğlu E (2015). Visual effects of some roadside deciduous trees on road users. In: Abstract Book of Macodesu 2015, Trabzon, pp.140 Dirik H (2008). Plantasyon (Bitkilendirme ve Dikim) Teknikleri. İstanbul University Faculty of Forestry Publications: 4729, İstanbul

Eroğlu E & Acar C (2011). Visual landscape character of oriental spruce (Picea orientalis (L.) link.) mountain forests in Turkey. Journal of Environmental Engineering and Landscape Management 19(3): 189197

Eroğlu E, Müderrisoğlu H & Kesim G A (2012). The effect of seasonal change of plants compositions on visual perception. Journal of Environmental Engineering and Landscape Management 20(3): 199-205

Everitt B S, Landau S & Leese M (2001). Cluster Analysis. Arnold/Hodder Headline Group, London

Fathi M & Masnavi M R (2014). Assessing environmental aesthetics of roadside vegetation and scenic beauty of highway landscape: Preferences and perception of motorists. International Journal of Environmental Ressearch 8(4): 941-952

Froment J & Domon G (2006). Viewer appreciation of highway landscapes: The contribution of ecologically managed embankments in Quebec, Canada. Landscape and Urban Planning 78(1-2): 14-32

Görcelioğlu E (2002). Peyzaj Onarım Tekniği. İstanbul University Faculty of Forestry Publications: 4351, İstanbul

Güngör İ H (2005). Görsel Sanatlar ve Mimarlık için Temel Tasar. Esen Ofset, İstanbul Gürer L (1990). Temel Tasarım. Teknik Üniversite Matbaası, İstanbul

Kalaycı Ş (2010). SPSS Uygulamalı Çok Değişkenli İstatistik Teknikleri. Asil Yayınları Dağıtım, Ankara Kalıpsız A (1981). İstatistiksel Yöntemler. İ.Ü. Orman Fakültesi Yayınları: 2837-294, İstanbul

Kaplan R & Kaplan S (1989). The Experience of Nature: A Psychological Perspective. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Mader G & Neubert-Mader L (2004). BäumeGestaltungsmittel in Garten, Landschaft und Städtebau. Komet Cologne, Germany A Visual Assessment of Roadside Poplar Plantings in Turkey,

Müderrisoğlu H & Eroğlu E (2006). Differences in visual perception of some coniferous trees under snow load. Süleyman Demirel University, Journal of Faculty of Forestry 1: 136-146

Müderrisoğlu H, Eroğlu E, Ak K & Aydın Ş Ö (2006). Visual perception of tree form. Building and Environment 41: 796-806

Ode A, Fry G, Tveit M S, Messager P & Miller D (2009). Indicators of perceived naturalness as drivers of landscape preference. Journal of Environmental Management 90(1): 375-383

Osgood C E, Suci G J & Tannenbaum P H (1957). The Measurement of Meaning. The University of Illinois Press, Urbana IL

Osgood C E, May W H & Miron M S (1975). Crosscultural Universals of Affective Meaning. University of Illinois Press, Urbana IL

Özgen Y (1984). Doğu Karadeniz bölgesinde Ordu-Rize arası kıyı yolunun peyzaj özellikleri, peyzaj mimarlığı açısından ortaya koyduğu sorunlar ve çözümü üzerine bir araştırma (Doktora Tezi Özeti). İstanbul Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 34 (2): 1-3

Pellegrini P & Baudry S (2014). Streets as new places to bring together both humans and plants: Examples from Paris and Montpellier (France). Social & Cultural Geography 15(8): 871-900

Serpa A & Muhar A (1999). Effects of plant size, texture and colour on spatial perception in public green areas-a cross-cultural study. Landscape and Urban Planning 36(1): 19-25

Spooner P G & Lisa S (2009). Effects of road age on the structure of roadside vegetation in south-eastern Australia. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 129: 57-64

Strumse E (1996). Demographic differences in the visual preferences for agrarian landscapes in western Norway. Journal of Environmental Psychology 16(1): 17-31

Todorova A, Asakawa S & Aikoh T (2004). Preferences for and attitudes towards street flowers and trees in Sapporo, Japan. Landscape and Urban Planning 69: 403-416

Trowbridge P J & Bassuk N L (2004). Trees in the Urban Landscape Site Assessment Design and Installation. Wiley, ISBN 0-471-39246-4, USA Ürgenç S İ (1998). Ağaç ve Süs Bitkileri Fidanlık ve Yetiştirme Tekniği, 2. Baskı, İstanbul Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Yayınları, 3395-442, İstanbul

Weber F, Kowarik I & Saumel I (2014). A walk on the wild side: Perceptions of roadside vegetation beyond trees. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 13(2): 205212

Wolf K L (2006). Assessing Public Response to Freeway Roadsides. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board No. 1984. National Academies, Washington DC, pp. 102-111

Yaltırık F (1993). Dendroloji Ders Kitabı II-Angiospermae (Kapalı Tohumlular), 2nd ed. İstanbul University Faculty of Forestry Publications, 3767-420, İstanbul

Yavuzşefik Y & Uzun O (2005). Peyzaj Onarım Tekniği, Düzce Yılmaz E (2008). Okaliptüsün su tüketimi ile kent ve yol ağacı olarak değeri hakkında rapor. Journal of DOA 14: 1-31 Yılmaz H (2012). Kırsal peyzaj karakterinin vazgeçilmezi; Kavaklar. Plant Dergisi 7: 64-66

___

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ankutbd446436, journal = {Journal of Agricultural Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-9297}, address = {}, publisher = {Ankara Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {24}, pages = {185 - 198}, doi = {10.15832/ankutbd.446436}, title = {A Visual Assessment of Roadside Poplar Plantings in Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {Eroğlu, Engin and Acar, Cengiz} }
APA Eroğlu, E , Acar, C . (2018). A Visual Assessment of Roadside Poplar Plantings in Turkey . Journal of Agricultural Sciences , 24 (2) , 185-198 . DOI: 10.15832/ankutbd.446436
MLA Eroğlu, E , Acar, C . "A Visual Assessment of Roadside Poplar Plantings in Turkey" . Journal of Agricultural Sciences 24 (2018 ): 185-198 <
Chicago Eroğlu, E , Acar, C . "A Visual Assessment of Roadside Poplar Plantings in Turkey". Journal of Agricultural Sciences 24 (2018 ): 185-198
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - A Visual Assessment of Roadside Poplar Plantings in Turkey AU - Engin Eroğlu , Cengiz Acar Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.15832/ankutbd.446436 DO - 10.15832/ankutbd.446436 T2 - Journal of Agricultural Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 185 EP - 198 VL - 24 IS - 2 SN - -2148-9297 M3 - doi: 10.15832/ankutbd.446436 UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi A Visual Assessment of Roadside Poplar Plantings in Turkey %A Engin Eroğlu , Cengiz Acar %T A Visual Assessment of Roadside Poplar Plantings in Turkey %D 2018 %J Journal of Agricultural Sciences %P -2148-9297 %V 24 %N 2 %R doi: 10.15832/ankutbd.446436 %U 10.15832/ankutbd.446436
ISNAD Eroğlu, Engin , Acar, Cengiz . "A Visual Assessment of Roadside Poplar Plantings in Turkey". Journal of Agricultural Sciences 24 / 2 (Haziran 2018): 185-198 .
AMA Eroğlu E , Acar C . A Visual Assessment of Roadside Poplar Plantings in Turkey. J Agr Sci-Tarim Bili. 2018; 24(2): 185-198.
Vancouver Eroğlu E , Acar C . A Visual Assessment of Roadside Poplar Plantings in Turkey. Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2018; 24(2): 185-198.
IEEE E. Eroğlu ve C. Acar , "A Visual Assessment of Roadside Poplar Plantings in Turkey", Journal of Agricultural Sciences, c. 24, sayı. 2, ss. 185-198, Haz. 2018, doi:10.15832/ankutbd.446436
Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 4 Sayı
  • Yayıncı: Ankara Üniversitesi

30.9b15.3b

Sayıdaki Diğer Makaleler

Eğirdir Gölü Sazan (Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758) Balıklarında Otolit, Omur ve Pullardan Karşılaştırmalı Yaş Tayini Üzerine Bir Araştırma

Yıldız BOLAT, Abdülkadir YAĞCI

Effects of Waiting Period before Milking on Orotic, Uric and Hippuric Acid Contents of Milks from Shami and Kilis Goats

Zehra Güler, Mahmut Keskin, Ahmet Dursun, Sabri GÜL, Zühal GÜNDÜZ, Süleyman Ercüment ÖNEL

Antiviral and Antifungal Activity of Biologically Active Recombinant Bouganin Protein from Bougainvillea spectabilis Willd

Abdullah GÜLLER, Hikmet Murat SİPAHİOĞLU, Mustafa USTA, Emre Demirer DURAK

Effects of Ozone Treatment on the Degradation and Toxicity of Several Pesticides in Different Grou

Yakup Sedat VELIOGLU, Şeyda FİKİRDEŞİCİ ERGEN, Pelin AKSU, Ahmet ALTINDAĞ

A Visual Assessment of Roadside Poplar Plantings in Turkey

Engin EROĞLU, Cengiz ACAR

Comparison of Hens Reared in Free-Range and Deep-Litter Systems in Terms of Certain Production Characteristics

İsmail TÜRKER, Sezai ALKAN

Proteolysis in the Beyaz (White) Cheese Produced From Various Milk

Zübeyde ÖNER, Mine SARIDAĞ

Evaluating AquaCrop Model for Winter Wheat under Various Irrigation Conditions in Turkey

Sema KALE, Sevinç MADENOĞLU

Examining of Relationships Among Traits Using Correlation, Path and Principal Components Analysis Methods in Turkish Opium Poppy (Papaver somniferum L.) Cultivars

Nimet KARA, Hasan BAYDAR

Physicochemical, Functional and Microbiological Properties of Hardaliye Beverages Produced from Different Grapes and Collected from Different Households

Fatma COŞKUN, Muhammet ARICI, Mehmet GULCU, Gülnaz ÇELİKYURT, Mustafa MIRIK