Sporda Biyo-Gruplama

Aynı takvim yılı içerisinde doğan çocukların büyüme ve olgunlaşma düzeyleri önemli ölçüde değişkenlik gösterebilmektedir. Olası bu farklılıklar özellikle olgunlaşma düzeyi düşük olan genç sporcular için bir dezavantaj oluşturmakta ve birçok yetenekli sporcunun erken yaşlarda spordan kopmasına sebep olmaktadır. Konuya iişkin araştırmalar yürüten bilim insanları, uygulamacılar ile iş birliğine girerek, karşılaşılan durumun önüne geçilmesi amacı ile yeni bir yaklaşım geliştirmişlerdir. Bu yeni yaklaşım “Biyo-gruplama” olarak tanımlanmıştır. Biyo-gruplama, genç sporcularda kronolojik yaş yerine büyüme ve biyolojik olgunlaşma özellikleri temel alınarak yapılan sınıflama yöntemidir. Bu çalışmada, sporda biyo-gruplama yönteminde kullanılan temel yöntemler ve uygulamalar ile birlikte potansiyel faydalarına ilişkin bir çerçeve çizilerek ülkemiz bilim insanları, antrenörleri, spor yöneticileri ve diğer paydaşların konu hakkındaki farkındalıklarının geliştirilmesi amaçlanmıştır.

Bio-Banding in Sport

Children born in the same calendar year may vary in their growth and maturational status. These possible discrepancies can cause disadvantages especially for the young athletes who physically mature late and lead many talented ones to withdraw from sport at an early age. Scientists dealing with these issues, in collaboration with practitioners, introduce a new approach. This approach is called “bio-banding”. Bio-banding is the process of grouping young athletes according to their attributes related with growth and biological maturation rather than their chronological age. The purpose of this study is to improve the awareness of Turkish scientists, coaches, administrators, and other stakeholders about bio-banding in sport by forming a conceptual framework regarding its methods, applications, and potential benefits.

Kaynakça

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Kaynak Göster