Son zamanlarda geleneksel ve tamamlayıcı tıp uygulamalarına (GETAT) sporcuların ilgisi artmaktadır. En sık kullanılan GETAT uygulamalarından biri kupa uygulamasıdır. Birçok uygulama şekli bulunmakla birlikte, günümüzde en sık kuru kupa ve yaş kupa (hacamat) uygulaması kullanılmaktadır. Kupa uygulamasının etki mekanizması hala tam olarak kanıtlanamamıştır. Ancak ağrı kesici, sedasyon, rejenerasyonda artış, detoks ve immün sistemde iyileşme etkisi olduğu iddia edilmektedir. Özellikle şampiyon sporcuların kupa uygulamasını tercih etmesi, bu uygulamanın performansla ilişkisi var mı sorusunu akla getirmektedir. Sporcularda kupa uygulamasının etkileri ile ilgili randomize kontrollü çalışma sayısı yetersizdir. Genellikle bel ve boyun ağrısını azalttığına ilişkin bulgular vardır. Esneklik ve spor yaralanmaları ile ilgili kanıtlar tartışmalıdır. Yorgunluğu azalttığı, antioksidan kapasiteyi ve uyku kalitesini arttırdığı belirtilmektedir. Performansa direkt etkisi ile ilgili yeterli bulgu yoktur. Ancak ağrıyı ve yorgunluğu azaltarak performans artışı sağlayabileceği iddia edilmektedir. Sporcularda kupa uygulamasının etkilerine ilişkin daha fazla kontrollü çalışma gerekmektedir.
Recently, the interest in traditional and complementary medicine applications (TCM) are increasing among the athletes. One of the most widely used TCM applications is the cupping therapy. Although there are many forms of application, currently the most frequent practices are dry cupping and wet cupping (hijamah). The mechanism of action of cupping application has still not been fully proven. However, it is claimed that they may be reduced pain, sedation, increased regeneration, detox and improved immune system. Since particularly champion athletes prefer the practice, the question of whether this practice is related to performance comes to the mind. The number of randomized controlled studies related to the effects of cupping therapy in athletes is limited. It is usually claimed that it reduces back and neck pain. Evidence of effects on flexibility and sports injuries is controversial. It is suggested that it reduces fatigue and increases quality of sleep, and antioxidant capacity. There is not enough evidence about the direct effects of cupping therapy on performance. However, it is claimed that it can increase performance by reducing pain and fatigue. More controlled studies are needed about the effects of cupping therapy on the athletes
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