Incidence of Injuries in Female and Male Volleyball Players 7 Prospective Preliminary Study

Objective: To estimate and compare the overall incidences of volleyball injuries in female and male volleyball players in a season. Material and Methods: 30 players were included from one male and one female volleyball teams of Turkish super league. All recorded injuries during the season were analyzed. A questionnaire about all the players' demographic data was completed. The injuries those occurred during training sessions or matches were recorded by the team physician and physiotherapist during the whole season. The daily injury and illness report form of the International Olympic Committee was used for injury records. Results: 125 injuries were recorded. 80 of these injuries occured in female players, wheras 45 were in male players. Overall injury incidence was 6,1 injuries/1000 hours. The total injury incidence was 4,3 injuries/1000 hours in male players, 7,9 injuries/1000 hours in females. The incidence of slow-onset and acute-onset overuse injuries was 4.2, and the incidence of acute injuries was 1.9. Tendinosis/tendinopathy was the most common with 23 injuries and constituted 18.4% of all volleyball related injuries. The shoulder including clavicle was the most frequently injured area (15.2% of the injuries) Conclusion: Injury prevention programs should address especially the shoulder region and tendon injuries.


1. Verhagen EA, Van der Beek AJ, Bouter LM, et al. A one season prospective cohort study of volleyball injuries. Br J Sports Med. 2004; 38: 477*81.

2. The FIVB. (2018; July 30)

3. Verhagen E, van der Beek A, Twisk J, et al. The effect of a proprioceptive balance board training program for the prevention of ankle sprains: a prospective controlled trial. Am J Sports Med. 2004; 32: 1385*93.

4. Bahr R, Karlsen R, Lian O, et al. Incidence and mechanisms of acute ankle inversion injuries in volleyball. Am J Sports Med. 1994; 22: 595*600.

5. Eerkes K. Volleyball injuries. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2012; 11: 251*6.

6. Reeser JC, Verhagen E, Briner WW, et al. Strategies for the prevention of volleyball related injuries. Br J Sports Med. 2006; 40: 594*600; discussion 599*600.

7. Seminati E, Minetti AE. Overuse in volleyball training/practice: A review on shoulder and spine* related injuries. Eur J Sport Sci. 2013; 13: 732*43.

8.Bahr MA, Bahr R. Jump frequency may contribute to risk of jumper's knee: a study of interindividual and sex differences in a total of 11,943 jumps video recorded during training and matches in young elite volleyball players. Br J Sports Med. 2014; 48: 1322*6.

9. Baugh CM, Weintraub GS, Gregory AJ, et al. Descriptive epidemiology of injuries sustained in National Collegiate Athletic Association men's and women's volleyball, 2013*2014 to 2014*2015. Sports Health. 2018; 10: 60*69.

10. Reeser JC, Gregory A, Berg RL, et al. A Comparison of women's collegiate and girls' high school volleyball injury data collected prospectively over a 4*year period. Sports Health. 2015; 7: 504*10.

11. Bahr R, Bahr IA. Incidence of acute volleyball injuries: a prospective cohort study of injury mechanisms and risk factors. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 1997; 7: 166*71.

12. Bere T, Kruczynski J, Veintimilla N, et al. Injury risk is low among world*class volleyball players: 4*year data from the FIVB Injury Surveillance System. Br J Sports Med. 2015; 49: 1132*7.

13. Daily Report on Injuries and Illnesses. (2012; July 08) PDFfiles/Medical_commission/Daily_report_on_Injurie s_and_Illnesses*London_2012.pdf.

14. Karaca N, Turgay F, Gulcakan GR, et al. Effects of a volleyball match on serum nitric oxide level and oxidant/antioxidant status. Turk J Sports Med. 2018;53:27*36.

15. Aagaard H, Jorgensen U. Injuries in elite volleyball. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 1996; 6: 228*32.

16. Schafle MD, Requa RK, Patton WL, et al. Injuries in the 1987 National Amateur Volleyball Tournament. Am J Sports Med. 1990; 18: 624*31.

17. Aagaard H, Scavenius M, Jorgensen U. An epidemiological analysis of the injury pattern in indoor and in beach volleyball. Int J Sports Med. 1997; 18: 217* 21.

18. Gerberich SG, Luhmann S, Finke C, et al. Analysis of severe injuries associated with volleyball activities. The Physician and Sportsmedicine. 1987; 15: 75*79. 19. Clarsen B, Bahr R, Heymans MW, et al. The prevalence and impact of overuse injuries in five Norwegian sports: Application of a new surveillance method. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2015; 25: 323*30.

20. Watkins J, Green BN. Volleyball injuries: a survey of injuries of Scottish National League male players. Br J Sports Med. 1992; 26: 135*7.

21. Pastor MF, Ezechieli M, Classen L, et al. Prospective study of injury in volleyball players: 6 year results. Technol Health Care. 2015; 23: 637*43.

Kaynak Göster