Elit Koşucu ve Futbolcularda Aşil Tendonunun Viskoelastik Özelliklerinin Karşılaştırılması

Amaç: Tendon sertliği antrenman programları ve spor dalının ihtiyacına bağlı olarak değişebilir. Antrenmana adaptasyon sürecinde tendon fonksiyonlarını anlamak veya patolojik durumlarda rehabilitasyonu optimize etmek için tendon sertliğinin değerlendirilmesi önemlidir. Bu çalışmanın amacı elit koşucu ve futbolcuların aşil tendon (AT) mekanik (viskoelastik) özelliklerinin tanımlanması, karşılaştırılması ve plantar basınç ile olan ilişkisinin gösterilmesidir. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Bu çalışmaya 17 profesyonel futbolcu (yaş; 25.8 ± 3.4 yıl) ve 17 koşucu (yaş; 21.5 ± 4.0 yıl) dahil edildi. Aşil tendonu viskoelastik özellikleri “MyotonPro” cihazı ile değerlendirildi. Ölçümler, sporcular ayak bilekleri nötrpozisyonda masadan sarkacak şekilde yüz üstü yatış pozisyonunda iken kalkaneal tüberkülün 4 cm yukarısından gerçekleştirildi. Sporcuların statik ayak basınç ölçümü için "Ottobock Esco Scan" cihazı ve "Presto-Scan" yazılımı kullanıldı. Basınç değerleri yüzdelik olarak kaydedildi. Tüm değerlendirmeler sezon öncesi (Temmuz-Ağustos 2018), futbol kulüpleri ve federasyon tesislerinde gerçekleştirildi. Bulgular: Üst düzey futbolcuların AT sertliği koşuculara göre daha fazla, esnekliği ise daha azdı (p0.05). Sonuç: Aşil tendonunda elastik enerjinin depolanması ve serbest bırakılması hem insan hareketleri için hem de sporda oldukça önemlidir. Farklı spor branşlarında uzun süreli antrenmanlar sporcuların Aşil tendonu viskoelastik özelliklerini değiştirebilir. Ayak plantar basıncı bu özellikleri etkilemeyebilir. Myotonometrik ölçümleri kullanarak farklı branşlardaki sporcuların tendon özelliklerini değerlendiren çalışmalar gerekmektedir.

The Comparison of Achilles Tendon Viscoelastic Properties in Elite Runners and Soccer Players

Objectives: Tendon stiffness may change depending on training and demands of sports discipline. It is important to assess tendon stiffness in order to understand tendon function during training adaptation or to optimize rehabilitation in pathological conditions. The aim of this study is to describe and to compare Achilles tendon (AT) mechanical (viscoelastic) properties of elite runners and soccer players, and demonstrate their relationship with plantar pressure. Materials and methods: A total of 17 soccer players (age: 25.8 ± 3.4 years) and 17 runners (age: 21.5 ± 4.0 years) participated in the study. Viscoelastic properties of their Achilles tendons were evaluated with a “MyotonPro” device. The measurement was performed 4 cm above the calcaneal tubercle in the prone position, while the athlete’s ankle hanged from the table in a neutral position. An “Ottobock Esco Scan” device and the “Presto-Scan” software were used for static foot pressure measurements of the athletes. The percentage of pressure figures were recorded. All evaluations were performed at the pre-season period (July-August 2018) at soccer clubs and federation facilities. Results: AT stiffness was found higher in soccer players than in runners, while elasticity was found lower (p

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Kaynak Göster

Spor Hekimliği Dergisi
  • ISSN: 1300-0551
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 4 Sayı
  • Başlangıç: 1966

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