Adolesan Basketbolcularda Yaralanma Risk Faktörlerinin Araştırılması

Amaç: Çalışmanın amacı adolesan basketbolcularda yaralanma riskini arttıran faktörlerin araştırılmasıdır. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Çalışmaya yaş ortalaması 12.7±1.5 yıl olan 43 gönüllü basketbol oyuncusu katıldı. Katılımcıların dengeleri Y-denge testiyle; gövde kaslarının enduransı ise statik ve dinamik curl-up ve prone plank testleriyle değerlendirildi. Q açısı, kalça eksternal ve internal rotasyon, abduksiyon dereceleri gonyometre yardımıyla ölçüldü. Yaralanma risk faktörünün saptanması için fonksiyonel hareket taraması testi uygulandı. Verilerin incelenmesinde regresyon analiz yöntemi kullanıldı. Bulgular: Katılımcılar fonksiyonel hareket taraması total skoru 14 ve altında olanlar ile üzerinde olanlar olarak iki gruba ayrıldı. İki grup arasındaki farklara bakıldığında Ydenge için anterior sağ (p=0.046), posterolateral sol (p=0.021) ve posterolateral sağ (p=0.040); prone plank süresi (p=0.005) ve yaş (p=0.023) parametreleri arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı fark bulundu. Regresyon analizi sonucuna göre adolesan basketbol oyuncularında yaşın artması (p=0.028), prone plank süresinin artması(p=0.010), Y-dengenin posterolateral komponentinin uzanma mesafesindeki artış (sağ p=0.049; sol p=0.030) yaralanma riskini azaltmaktadır. Diğer faktörlerin yaralanma riski üzerinde etkisi belirlenmedi (p>0.05). Sonuç: Sonuç olarak adolesan basketbol oyuncularında küçük yaşın yaralanma açısından daha yüksek risk nedeni olduğu belirlendi. “Core” enduransının yüksek olması ve dinamik dengeyi belirleyici parametrelerden posterolateral uzanım mesafesinin fazla olması yaralanma riskini düşüren faktörler olarak saptandı.

Investigation of Injury Risk Factors in Adolescent Basketball Players

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the factors that increase the risk of injury in adolescent basketball players. Materials and Methods: A total of 43 volunteer basketball players with a mean age of 12.7 ± 1.5 years participated in the study. The balance of the participants was evaluated by means of the Y-Balance balance test, trunk muscles endurance by static and dynamic curl-up and prone plank tests. Q angles, hip external and internal rotations, abduction degrees were measured with goniometer. Functional movement screen test for injury risk factor detection was applied. Regression analysis was used to analyse the data. Result: Participants were divided into two groups as those with functional movement screen total score of 14 or less and those with a score more than 14. Assessing the differences between the two groups, Y-balance for anterior right (p=0.046), posterolateral left (p=0.021) and posterolateral right (p=0.040); prone plank time (p=0.005) and age (p=0.023) were found statistically significantly different. According to the results of the regression analysis, higher age (p=0.028), increased prone plank time (p=0.010), increase in the reach of the posterolateral component of the Y-Balance (right p=0.049; left p=0.030) reduce the injury risk. Effect of other factors on injury risk were not determined (p> 0.05). Conclusion: Lower age in adolescent basketball players was associated with higher injury risk. High core endurance and high posterolateral extension distance, which is one of the determining parameters of dynamic balance, appeared to lower the injury risk.

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Kaynak Göster

Spor Hekimliği Dergisi
  • ISSN: 1300-0551
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 4 Sayı
  • Başlangıç: 1966

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