Türk-Müslüman Çocuklarında Minnettarlık, Maneviyat ve Yaşam Memnuniyeti arasındaki İlişkilerin Nitel olarak İncelenmesi

Bu çalışmanın amacı, günlük yaşamda çocukların neler için minnettar oldukları ve şükrettiklerini incelemek ve minnettarlık, maneviyat ve yaşam memnuniyeti arasındaki ilişkileri nitel olarak açıklamaktır. Çalışmada çocukların minnettarlık günlükleri analiz edilerek inceleme yapılmıştır. Araştırmada uygun örnekleme yöntemi kullanılmıştır. Gelişmekte olan bir bölgesindeki bir okulda okuyan alt ve orta sosyoekonomik düzeyden ailelerin çocukları araştırma grubu olarak belirlenmiştir. Araştırmanın örneklemini 11 ve 12 yaş yaş arasındaki (SS = .25) 70 çocuk oluşturmuştur. Çocuklara araştırmanın amaçları açıklanmış, ve gönüllü olarak bir minnettarlık günlüğü tutmaları istenmiştir. Çocuklar üç hafta boyunca her gün günlüklerine deneyimlerini yazmışlardır. Veriler yazar tarafından 2012 yılında toplanmıştır. İçerik ve frekans analizleri yapılmıştır. Araştırma sonuçlarına göre çocukların minnettarlık ve şükür davranışları ile ilgili en sık rastlanan temaların bir aileye sahip olma ve temel ihtiyaçlarını karşılayabilme olduğu görülmüştür. Kendilerinin mutlu olması ise üçüncü bir tema olarak ortaya çıkmıştır. Ayrıca günlüklerindeki ifadeler ve çizimler incelendiğinde, minnettarlığın maneviyat ve yaşam doyumu ile ilişkili olduğu görülmektedir. Buna göre minnettarlığın artması maneviyatın da artması ile ilişkilidir.

Qualitatively Exploring the Relationship among Gratitude, Spirituality and Life Satisfaction in Turkish-Muslim Children

The aim of this paper is to study what children are grateful for in daily life and to reveal the relationship among gratitude, spirituality, and life satisfaction. This study investigates gratitude by qualitatively analyzing children's gratitude diaries. Convenience sampling has been used in the research. Children from lower and middle socio-economic levels studying in a school located in a developing neighborhood were chosen. The sample of the study consisted of 70 children between the ages of 11 and 12 years old (SD = .25). After the aim of the study was explained to the children, they were asked to voluntarily keep a gratitude diary. The participants recorded their daily experiences in written diaries at the end of each day for three weeks. The data was collected by the author in 2012. Content and frequency analyses were used. According to the results of the study, the most common themes in the children's gratitude were having a family and being able to meet their basic needs. Their own happiness emerged third. Also, expressions and drawings that were in their diaries show that gratitude is linked with their spirituality and life satisfaction. According to this, as gratitude increased, spirituality increased, too.

Kaynakça

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Kaynak Göster