Spiritually Oriented Couple, Marriage and Family Therapies

In this review, it is aimed to focus on the integration of spirituality into familyoriented psychological help processes. To conceptualize the reflection of spirituality on the family system more clearly and to make sense of the spirituality-family relationship, the issue of spirituality was examined in specific processes such as in the relationship between parents and children, between spouses and in the transition process from adolescence to late age. The paradoxical nature of spirituality in family relationships was emphasized. For this purpose, spirituality was discussed both as a source of problems and as a source for solutions in family relations. Spiritually oriented psychological clinical help is an emerging field in Turkey. Seeing that spirituality is such an important issue in family relations and marriage, it is aimed to bring a family-focused approach to the spiritually oriented psychological help process. So, by addressing ethical issues, this review aims to offer a new perspective to field practitioners working with couples and families in clinical practice.

Manevi Yönelimli Çift, Evlilik ve Aile Terapiler

Bu çalışmada, maneviyat konusunun aile odaklı psikolojik yardım süreçlerine entegre edilmesine odaklanılmıştır. Maneviyatın aile sistemine yansımasını daha net bir şekilde kavramsallaştırabilmek ve maneviyat-aile ilişkisini anlamlandırabilmek için bu konu ebeveyn-çocuk ilişkisi, eşler arası ilişki, yaşlılık dönemine geçiş gibi spesifik süreçler içerisinde incelenmiştir. Maneviyatın, bu süreçlerdeki paradoksal doğası vurgulanmış ve maneviyat konusu hem sorunların kaynağı olabilme hem de sorunlara çözüm olabilme özelliğiyle tartışılmıştır. Manevi yönelimli psikolojik danışma ve terapi Türkiye’de son zamanlarda çalışılan, güncel bir alandır. Maneviyatın, aile ve evlilik ilişkilerindeki önemi göz önünde bulundurularak, bu bölümde manevi yönelimli psikolojik yardım süreçlerinde, aile odaklı bir yaklaşımın tanıtılması hedeflenmiştir. Bu nedenle, etik konulara değinilerek, klinik uygulamada çiftler ve ailelerle çalışan alan uygulayıcılarına yeni bir bakış açısının sunulması amaçlanmıştır.

Kaynakça

Abbott, D. A., Berry, M., & Meredith, W. H. (1990). Religious belief and practice: A potential asset in helping families. Family Relations, 39(4), 443-448.

American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy (2015). Code of ethics. Retrieved from http://www.aamft.org/imis15/Content/Legal_Ethics/Code_of_Ethics.aspx

Anderson, D. A., & Worthen, D. (1997). Exploring a fourth dimension: Spirituality as a resource for the couple therapist. Journal of Marital and Family therapy, 23(1), 3-12.

Bailey, C. E. (2002). The effects of spiritual beliefs and practices on family functioning: A qualitative study. Journal of Family Psychotherapy, 13(1–2), 127–144.

Bergin, A. E., & Jensen, J. P. (1990). Religiosity of psychotherapists: A national survey. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Training, 27(1), 3–7.

Carlson, T. D., Kirkpatrick, D., Hecker, L., & Killmer, M. (2002). Religion, spirituality, and marriage and family therapy: A study of family therapists’ beliefs about the appropriateness of addressing religious and spiritual issues in therapy. American Journal of Family Therapy, 30(2), 157-171.

Carlson, T. S., McGeorge, C. R., & Anderson, A. (2011). The importance of spirituality in couple and family therapy: A comparative study of therapists’ and educators’ beliefs. Contemporary family therapy, 33(1), 3-16.

Carlson, T. S., McGeorge, C. R., & Toomey, R. B. (2014). Establishing the validity of the spirituality in clinical training scale: Measuring the level of integration of spirituality and religion in family therapy training. Contemporary Family Therapy, 36(2), 310-325.

Carothers, S. S., Borkowski, J. G., Lefever, J. B., & Whitman, T. L. (2005). Religiosity and the socio emotional adjustment of adolescent mothers and their children. Journal of Family Psychology, 19(2), 263-275.

Coffey, A. D. (2002). Spirituality: Lives and relationships in family-therapy concepts and practices. Journal of family psychotherapy, 13(1-2), 29-52.

Dollahite, D.C., Marks, L.D., & Goodman, M. (2004). Families and religious beliefs, practices, and communities: Linkages in a diverse and dynamic cultural context. In M.J. Coleman & L.H. Ganong (Eds.), The handbook of contemporary families: Considering the past, contemplating the future (pp. 411-430). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Dudley, M. G., & Kosinski, F. A. (1990). Religiosity and marital satisfaction: A research note. Review of Religious Research, 32(1), 78-86.

Grams, W. A., Carlson, T. S., & McGeorge, C. R. (2007). Integrating spirituality into family therapy training: An exploration of faculty members’ beliefs. Contemporary family therapy, 29(3), 147-161.

Griffith, M. E., & Griffith, J. L. (2002). Addressing spirituality in its clinical complexities: Its potential for healing, its potential for harm. Journal of Family Psychotherapy, 13(1-2), 167-194.

Helmeke, K. B., & Bischof, G. H. (2002). Recognizing and raising spiritual and religious issues in therapy: Guidelines for the timid. Journal of Family Psychotherapy, 13(1-2), 195-214.

Hodge, D. R. (2000). Spiritual ecomaps: A new diagrammatic tool for assessing marital and family spirituality. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 26(2), 217-228.

Kacerguis, M. A., & Adams, G. R. (1980). Erikson stage resolution: The relationship between identity and intimacy. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 9(2), 117-126.

Klein, D. M. & White, J. M. (1996). Family theories: An introduction. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Lyons, L. (May 31, 2005). Faith accompanies most Americans through life. Retrieved from www. gallup.com/poll/16522/faith-accompanies-most-americans-through-life.aspx

Mahoney, A., Pargament, K. I., Tarakeshwar, N., & Swank, A. B. (2008). Religion in the home in the 1980s and 1990s: A meta-analytic review and conceptual analysis of links between religion, marriage, and parenting. Journal of Family Psychology, 15(4), 559-596.

Marcia, J. E. (1966). Development and validation of ego-identity status. Journal of personality and social psychology, 3(5), 551-558.

Marks, L. (2004). Sacred practices in highly religious families: Christian, Jewish, Mormon, and Muslim perspectives. Family Process, 43(2), 217–231.

Marsh, R., & Dallos, R. (2001). Roman Catholic couples: Wrath and religion. Family Process, 40(3), 343-360.

Marterella, M. K., & Brock, L. J. (2008). Religion and spirituality as a resource in marital and family therapy. Journal of Family Psychotherapy, 19(4), 330-344.

Myers, S. M. (2006). Religious homogamy and marital quality: Historical and generational patterns, 1980–1997. Journal of Marriage and Family, 68(2), 292-304.

Prest, L. A., & Keller, J. F. (1993). Spirituality and Family Therapy: Spiritual Beliefs, Myths, and Metaphors. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 19(2), 137-148.

Prest, L. A., Russel, R., & D’Souza, H. (1999). Spirituality and religion in training, practice and personal development. Journal of Family therapy, 21(1), 60-77.

Smith, A. L., & Harkness, J. (2002). Spirituality and meaning: A qualitative inquiry with caregivers of Alzheimer’s disease. Journal of family psychotherapy, 13(1-2), 87-108.

Snarey, J. R., & Dollahite, D. C. (2001). Varieties of religion-family linkages. Journal of Family Psychology, 15(4), 646–651.

Snider, J. B., Clements, A., & Vazsonyi, A. T. (2004). Late adolescent perceptions of parent religiosity and parenting processes. Family Process, 43(4), 489–502.

Tanyi, R. A. (2006). Spirituality and family nursing: spiritual assessment and interventions for families. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 53(3), 287-294.

Waite, L. J., & Lewin, A. C. (2010). Religious intermarriage and conversion in the United States: Patterns and changes over time. In C. Ellison ve R. Hummer (Eds.), Religion, families, and health in the United States: New directions in population-based research (pp.148-163). New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Walsh, F. (2006). Belief Systems; The Heart and Soul of Resilience. In F. Walsh (Ed.), strengthening family resilience (2nd ed.) (pp. 49-83). New York: Guilford Press.

Walsh, F. (2009a). Integrating spirituality in family therapy: Wellsprings for health, healing, and resilience. F. Walsh (Ed.), Spiritual Resources in Family Therapy (2nd ed.) (pp. 31-64). New York: Guilford Press.

Walsh, F. (2009b). Preface. In F. Walsh (Ed.), Spiritual resources in family therapy (2nd ed.) (pp. xi-xv). New York: Guilford Press.

Walsh, F. (2009c). Religion, spirituality, and the family: Multifaith perspectives. In F. Walsh (Ed.), Spiritual resources in family therapy (2nd ed.) (pp. 3-30). New York: Guilford Press.

Walsh, F. (2012). The spiritual dimension of family life. In F. Walsh (Ed.), Normal family processes: Growing diversity and complexity (4th ed.) (pp. 347-372). New York: Guilford Press.

Kaynak Göster