Spiritual Dimension in Art Therapy

Spiritually-oriented art therapy interventions are based on a holistic, therapeutic approach that aims to enable people who are in fragmented states to achieve integrity, unity, harmony, and balance by taking all the mental, emotional, physical, and spiritual dimensions of human nature into account using the medium of art and its creative processes. Art is considered intrinsically spiritual by many artists and art therapists, and the history of art and its relationship to treatment is as old as human history; however, open consideration of the spiritual dimension in therapeutic settings, particularly in art therapy interventions, is relatively new. Reviewing the emergence of spiritually-oriented art therapy interventions and their mechanisms of change is considered useful for seeing how they enable holistic transformation. These mechanisms have been determined as self-realization and understanding, transcendence, meaning-making and searching for a purpose, and achieving integrity through the holistic wellbeing approach.

Sanat Terapisinde Manevi Boyut

Manevi yönelimli sanat terapisi müdahaleleri, sanat ve yaratıcı süreç aracılığıyla, insan doğasının zihinsel, duygusal, fiziksel ve ruhsal olmak üzere tüm boyutlarını göz önünde bulundurarak parçalanmış hallerdeki insanların, bütünlüğe, birliğe, uyuma ve dengeye ulaşmasını amaçlayan bütünsel bir terapötik yaklaşıma dayanmaktadır. Sanat, birçok sanatçı ve sanat terapisti tarafından özünde manevi olarak kabul edilir ve sanat ile tedavi ilişkisinin tarihi, insanlık tarihi kadar eskidir; yine de terapötik ortamlarda, özellikle sanat terapisi müdahalelerinde manevi boyutu açıkça dikkate almak nispeten yenidir. Bütüncül bir dönüşümü nasıl sağladıklarını görmek için manevi yönelimli sanat terapisi müdahalelerinin ortaya çıkışını ve değişim mekanizmalarını gözden geçirmenin yararlı olacağı düşünülmüştür. Bu mekanizmalar, kendini gerçekleştirme ve anlama, aşkınlık, anlamlandırma ve amaç arayışı, bütünlüğe ulaşma yoluyla bütünsel iyi oluş yaklaşımı olarak belirlenmiştir.


Ahlskog, G. (1990). Atheism and pseudo-atheism in the psychoanalytic paradigm. Psychoanalysis and Contemporary Thought, 13(1), 53-77.

American Art Therapy Association (2017) Definition Art Therapy. Retrieved from https://www. arttherapy.org/upload/2017_DefinitionofProfession.pdf

Allen, P. B. (1995). Art is a way of knowing: A guide to self-knowledge and spiritual fulfilment through creativity. Shambhala Publications.

Allen, P. B. (2013). Intention and witness: tools for mindfulness. In L. Rappaport (Ed), Mindfulness and arts therapies (pp. 51-63). London: Jessica Kingsley

Bell, S. (2011). Art therapy and spirituality. Journal for the Study of Spirituality, 1(2), 215-230.

Blomdahl, C., Gunnarsson, A. B., Guregård, S., & Björklund, A. (2013). A realist review of art therapy for clients with depression. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 40(3), 322-330.

Cajete, G. (1994). Look to the mountain: An ecology of indigenous education. Kivaki Press, Durango

Cajete, G. (2000). Native science: Natural laws of interdependence. Clear Light Pub.

Cameron, J., & Bryan, M. (1992). The Artist Way. GP Putnam’s Sons, New York.

Chiang, M., Reid-Varley, W. B., & Fan, X. (2019). Creative art therapy for mental illness. Psychiatry Research, 275, 129-136.

Chickerneo, N. B. (1990). New images, ancient paradigm: A study of the contribution of art to spirituality in addiction recovery (Order No. 9110801). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (303993059).

Ciornai, S. (2015). Consciousness Expansion. In The Wiley handbook of art therapy, 47.

Cobb, M. 2001. The Dying Soul: Spiritual Care at the End of Life. Buckingham, UK: Open University Press.

Conway, N. A. (1999). Spiritual transformations: An art therapy program design utilizing twelve step and Rogerian principles (Order No. 1394021). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (304579033).

Corrigan, P., McCorkle, B., Schell, B., & Kidder, K. (2003). Religion and spirituality in the lives of people with serious mental illness. Community Mental Health Journal, 39(6), 487-499.

Czamanski-Cohen, J., & Weihs, K. L. (2016). The bodymind model: A platform for studying the mechanisms of change induced by art therapy. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 51, 63-71.

Davidson, L., & Roe, D. (2007). Recovery from versus recovery in serious mental illness: One strategy for lessening confusion plaguing recovery. Journal of Mental Health, 16(4), 459-470.

Dossey, L. (1997). Notes on the journey: The return of prayer. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 3(6), 10-17, 113-120.

Doyle, C. (2001). Spirituality and art therapy (Order No. MQ90369). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (304721362). Retrieved from https://0-search-proquest-com. seyhan.library.boun.edu.tr/docview/304721362?accountid=9645

Earley, J. (2002). The social evolution of consciousness. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 42(1), 107-132.

Elkins, J. (1995). Art history and images that are not art. The Art Bulletin, 77(4), 553-571.

Ermine, W. (1995) Aboriginal Epistemology, In M. Battiste (Ed) First nations education in Canada: The circle unfolds. UBC Press Vancouver

Farrelly-Hansen, M. (2001). Spirituality and art therapy: Living the connection. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Ferrell, B.R., and Coyle, N. (2008). The nature of suffering and the goals of nursing, Oxford University Press.

Frankl, V. E. (1984). Man’s search for meaning, New York: Touchstone.

Franklin, M. (1999) ‘Becoming a Student of Oneself: Activating the Witness in Meditation, Art and Supervision.’ The American Journal of Art Therapy, 38(1), 2–3.

Franklin, M. (2001). The Yoga of Art and the Creative Process. In M. Farrelly-Hansen (Ed). Spirituality and art therapy: Living the connection. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Franklin, M. A. (2015). Essence, Art, and Therapy: A Transpersonal View©. The Wiley handbook of art therapy. Wiley-Blackwell.

Franklin, M., Farrelly-Hansen, M., Marek, B., Swan-Foster, N., & Wallingford, S. (2011). Transpersonal art therapy education. Art Therapy, 17(2), 101-110.

Geue, K., Goetze, H., Buttstaedt, M., Kleinert, E., Richter, D., & Singer, S. (2010). An overview of art therapy interventions for cancer patients and the results of research. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 18(3-4), 160-170.

Grey, A. (1990) Sacred mirrors: The visionary art of Alex Grey. Rochester, VT: Inner Traditions International.

Hanevik, H., Hestad, K. A., Lien, L., Teglbjaerg, H. S., & Danbolt, L. J. (2013). Expressive art therapy for psychosis: A multiple case study. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 40(3), 312-321.

Hartley, N. (2012). Spirituality and the arts: Discovering what really matters. In M. Cobb, C. M. Puchalski and B. Rumbold (Eds.) Oxford textbook of spirituality and health (pp.265-271). NY: Oxford University Press.

Heal. (2019). In Chambers’s Twentieth Century Dictionary. Retrieved from http://www. finedictionary.com/heal.html

Health, 2019. The World Health Organiztion. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/about/who-weare/frequently-asked-questions

Hillman, J. (1975). Revisioning psychology. New York, NY: Harper Colophon.

Hillman, J. (1977). Inquiry into image. An Annual of Archetypal Psychology and Jungian Thought (pp. 62-88). Zurich: Spring.

Hluska, M. E. (2016). Understanding the roles and uses of art making in art therapy (Order No. 10182396). Available from ProQuest Central; ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (1845326808).

Horovitz-Darby, E. G. (1994). Spiritual art therapy. Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas.

Johnson, P. (2013). When the sacred stories are told: Coming to life through creativity, art, and embodied consciousness (Order No. 3567435). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (1417764716).

Joko Beck, C. (1989) Everyday Zen. San Francisco: HarperCollins.

Jung, C. G. (1961/2011). The undiscovered self with symbols and the interpretation of dreams. Princeton University Press.

Junge, M. B., & Asawa, P. P. (1994). A history of art therapy in the United States. American Art Therapy Association.

Junge, M. B., & Wadeson, H. (Eds.). (2006). Architects of art therapy: Memoirs and life stories. Charles C Thomas Publisher.

Kapitan, L. (2014). Introduction to the neurobiology of art therapy: Evidence based, complex, and influential. Art Therapy, 31:2, 50-51, DOI: 10.1080/07421656.2014.911027

Kearney, M., & Mount, B.(2000).Spiritual care of the dying patient. In H. M. Chochinov & W. Breitbart (Eds.) Handbook of psychiatry in palliative medicine (pp.357-373). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press

Kliewer, S. P., & Saultz, J. (2006). Healthcare and spirituality. Oxford: Radcliffe Publishing

Knill, P. J. (2000). The essence in a therapeutic process: An alternative experience of worlding. Poiesis. A Journal of the Arts and Communication, 2, 7-14.

Koepfer, S. T. (2000). Drawing on the spirit: Embracing spirituality in pediatrics and pediatric art therapy. Art Therapy, 17(3), 188-194.

Kossak, M. S. (2009). Therapeutic attunement: A transpersonal view of expressive arts therapy. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 36(1), 13-18.

Krippner, S. (1998). Indigenous and postmodern psychologies. In M. Inman (Ed.), Proceedings: Third Annual Alternative Therapies Symposium (pp. 57-59). Aliso Viejo, CA: Innovision Communications.

Kübler-Ross, E. (1983). On children and death. How children and parents can and do cope with death. Touchstone, New York, NY.

Landgarten, H. B. (1981). Clinical art therapy a comprehensive guide. New York: Bruner.

LaPointe, F. M. (2009). The individuation process of a disciple: A study of C. G. Jung and MarieLouise von Franz (Order No. 3500706). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (928458214).

Larson, D. B. (1998). Health: What does God have to do with it?. In M. Inman (Ed.), Proceedings: Third Annual Alternative Therapies Symposium (pp. 135-144). Aliso Viejo, CA: Innovision Communications.

Larson, D., Swyers, J., & McCullough, M. (1997). Scientific research on spirituality and health: a consensus report National Institute for Healthcare Research. Rockville, MD: The John Templeton Foundation.

Malchiodi, C. A. (2003). Handbook of art therapy. Guilford Press.

Malchiodi, C. A. (2005). Expressive therapies: history, theory, and practice, In C. A. Malchiodi (ed.) Expressive therapies, The Guildford Press, New York, pp. 1 – 15.

Malchiodi, C. A. (2006). The art therapy sourcebook. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies.

Marek, B. (2001). Each Time a New Breath. In M. Farrelly-Hansen (Ed). Spirituality and art therapy: Living the connection. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Margolis, J. B. (2004). The personal meaning of art therapy for a survivor of childhood sexual abuse (Order No. 3158580). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (305098092).

Matthews, D. A., & Clark, C. (1999). The faith factor: Proof of the healing power of prayer. Penguin.

McNiff, S. (1981). The arts and psychotherapy. Charles C. Thomas Publisher.

McNiff, S. (1992). Art as medicine: Creating a therapy of the imagination. Shambhala Publications.

McNiff, S. (2004). Art heals: How creativity cures the soul. Boston: Shambhala. Monti, D. A., Peterson, C., Kunkel, E. J. S., Hauck, W. W., Pequignot, E., Rhodes, L., & Brainard,

G. C. (2006). A randomized, controlled trial of mindfulness‐based art therapy (MBAT) for women with cancer. Psycho‐Oncology: Journal of the Psychological, Social and Behavioral Dimensions of Cancer, 15(5), 363-373.

Moon, C. (2001). Prayer, sacraments, grace. In M. Farrelly-Hansen (Ed), Spirituality and art therapy: Living the connection, (pp. 29-51). Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Moon, C. H. (2002). Studio art therapy: Cultivating the artist identity in the art therapist. London: Jessica Kingsley

Moore, T. (1992). Care of the soul. New York: Harper Perennial.

Olivera, B., Toler, R., & Trevithick, C. (2001). Factual information about the profession of art therapy. In M. Farrelly-Hansen (Ed), Spirituality and art therapy: Living the connection, (pp. 254-258). Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Ornstein, R. (1972). The psychology of the unconscious. New York: Prentice Hall Press.

Puchalski, C. M. (2012). Spirituality in the cancer trajectory. Annals of oncology, 23(3), 49-55.

Ridgway, P. (2001). Restorying psychiatric disability: learning from first person recovery narratives. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 24(4), 335.

Rubin, J. A. (2012). Approaches to art therapy: Theory and technique. Routledge.

Saunders, C. (1978). The philosophy of terminal care. In: C. Saunders (ed.) The Management of Terminal Disease, pp. 193 – 202. London: Edward Arnold.

Schaverien, J. (1987). The scapegoat and talisman: Transference in art therapy. In images of art therapy. Routledge.

Secker, J., Spandler, H., Hacking, S., Kent, L., & Shenton, J. (2007). Empowerment and arts participation for people with mental health needs. Journal of Public Mental Health, 6(4), 14-23.

Simonton, S. S., & Sherman, A. C. (1998). Psychological aspects of mind-body medicine: promises and pitfalls from research with cancer patients. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 4(4), 50-8.

Soden, L. M. (1998). Insight imagery: Towards personal wellness through spontaneous art-making and empathic co-reflection (Order No. NQ35326). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (304474578).

Spiritus. (2019). In Chambers’s Twentieth Century Dictionary. Retrieved from http://www. finedictionary.com/spirituality.html

Stanworth, R. (2003). Recognizing Spiritual Needs in People Who are Dying. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Steiner, R. (1964). The arts and their mission. Anthroposophic Press.

Sutherland, J. H. (1995). A perspective on Adlerian art therapy including a spiritual dimension: An interdisciplinary model for the training of art therapy counsellors based on the constructs of individual psychology (Order No. 9613183). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (304288781).

Swinton, J. (2001). Spirituality and mental health care: Rediscovering a ‘forgotten’ dimension. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Tenik, A. (2014). Tasavvufi perspektifte nesnedeki sanat ve estetik algısı. İslam ve Sanat Tartışmalı İlmi Toplantı, Kasım 2014. Retrieved from http://isamveri.org/pdfdrg/D237891/2015_TENIKA. pdf

Tournier, P. (1964). The whole person in a broken world. Harper & Row, NY.

Turner, B. A. (2005). The handbook of sandplay therapy. Cloverdale, CA: Temenos Press.

Van Lith, T. (2014). “Painting to find my spirit”: Art making as the vehicle to find meaning and connection in the mental health recovery process. Journal of Spirituality in Mental Health, 16(1), 19-36.

Van Lith, T. (2016). Art therapy in mental health: A systematic review of approaches and practices. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 47, 9-22.

Van Lith, T., Schofield, M. J., & Fenner, P. (2013). Identifying the evidence-base for art-based practices and their potential benefit for mental health recovery: a critical review. Disability and Rehabilitation, 35(16), 1309-1323.

Vick, R. M. (2003). A brief history of art therapy. In C. A. Malchody (Ed) Handbook of art therapy, 5-15. The Guilford Press.

Wadeson, H. (1980). Art psychotherapy. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Wallace, K. O. (2015). There is no need to talk about this: Poetic inquiry from the art therapy studio (Vol. 106). Springer.

Wix, L. (2000). Looking for what’s lost: The artistic roots of art therapy: Mary Huntoon. Art Therapy, 17(3), 168-176.

Yanos, P. T., Roe, D., & Lysaker, P. H. (2010). The impact of illness identity on recovery from severe mental illness. American Journal of Psychiatric Rehabilitation, 13(2), 73-93.

Kaynak Göster