Resilience as a Mediator in Spiritual Relations and Quality of Life for Entrepreneurs

Everyone wants a good quality of life and also has its own standards regarding the quality of life, as well as entrepreneurs. Quality of life can include all aspects of life that can not be separated from the elements of spirituality. This study aims to determine whether there is a relationship of spirituality to the quality of life in entrepreneurs mediated by resilience. This research uses a quantitative approach. The subjects of this study were 100 entrepreneurs who were scattered in Malang, aged 20-35 years consist of Male 76 persons and female 24 persons. Sample selected from through groups of entrepreneurs in Malang with a purposive sampling method. The measuring instrument used was a questionnaire from the scale of The Daily Spiritual Experience Scale, The Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire - Short Form (Q-LES-Q-SF), The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC-25). Data analysis using IBM SPSS version 21 analysis techniques with PROCESS macros from Hayes. From the results of this study there is a mediating effect of resilience in the spiritual relationship with quality of life in entrepreneurs. That spirituality does not only have a direct influence on the quality of life, but also indirectly through resilience.

Kaynakça

Aulia, D, R. (2014). Hubungan Antara Spirirualitas Dengan Meaning Focused Coping Dalam Menghadapi Bencana Pada Masyarakat Banda Aceh. Skripsi Publikasi. Program Studi Psikologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Syiah Kuala Banda Aceh.

Ayala, J., & Manzano, G. (2014). The resilience of the entrepreneur: Influence on the success of the business. A longitudinal analysis. Journal of Economic Psychology, 42, 126–135.

Azwan., Herlina., & Karim, D. (2015). Hubungan Sosial Teman Sebaya Dengan Kualitas Hidup Lansia Di Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha. JOM.Vol 2.Nomer 2.Oktober 2015.

Bache, I. (2013). Measuring quality of life for public policy: an idea whose time has come? Agendasetting dynamics in the European Union. Journal of European Public Policy, 20(1), 21-38. DOI: 10.1080/13501763.2012.699658

Baker, D.C. (2003). Studies of the inner life: The impact of spirituality on quality of life. Journal of Quality of Life Research, 12(1), 51-57.

Balog, A. M., Baker, L. T., & Walker, A.G. (2013). Religiosity and spirituality in entrepreneurship: A review and research agenda. Journal of Management, Spirituality & Religion. doi: 10.1080/14766086.2013.836127.

Bond, F. W., & Flaxman, P. E. (2006). The Ability of Psychological Flexibility and Job Control to Predict Learning, Job Performance, and Mental Health. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 26, 113-130

Connor, K. M., & Davidson, J. R. T. (2003). Development of a new resilience scale: The ConnorDavidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). Journal of Depression and Anxiety, 18, 76-82.

Creswell, John W. (2012). Planning, Conducting and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research. Boston: Pearson Education.

Daniele, Zizolfi. (2019). Resilience and recovery style: a retrospective study on associations among personal resources, symptoms, neurocognition, quality of life and psychosocial functioning in psychotic patients

Dash, M., & Kaur. K. (2012). Youth Entrepreneurship as a Way of Boosting Indian Economic Competitiveness: A Study of Orissa India: International Review of Management and Marketing, 2(1).

Delaney, C. (2005). The spirituality scale development and psychometric testing of holistic instrument to assess the human spiritual dimension. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 23(2), 146-167.

Diener, E., Inglehart, R., & Tay, L. (2012). Theory and Validity of Life Satisfaction Scales. Social Indicator Research.

Endicott J, Nee J, Harrison W, Blumenthal R. (1993). Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire: A New Measure. Psychopharmacology Bulletin, 29, 321-326.

Glaeser, E. L., Kerr, S.R., & Kerr, W. R. (2013). Entrepreneurship and Urban Growth: An Empirical Assessment with Historical Mines. Review of Economics and Statistics, doi:10.1162/ REST_a_00456

Goodwin, J. L., Neck, C. D., & D’Intino, R.S. (2016). Self-leadership, spirituality, and entrepreneur performance: A conceptual model. Journal of Management, Spirituality & Religion doi: 10.1080/14766086.2015.1122546

Grine, F., Fares, D., & Meguellati, A. (2015). Islamic spirituality and entrepreneurship: A case study of women entrepreneurs in Malaysia. The Journal of Happiness & Well- Being, 3(1), 41-56.

Kasali, R. (2010). Wirausaha Muda Mandiri. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Lorenzini, J. (2015). Subjective Well- Being and Political Participation: A Comparison of Unemployed and Employed Youth. Journal Of Happiness Studies, 16:381, doi:10.1007/s10902- 014-9514-7

Lu, M., & Pan, H. (2009). Government- Enterprise Connection Entrepreneur and Private Enterprise Development in China. Peking University Press

M, Rugger (2001). Subjective and Objective Dimensions of Quality of Life in Psychiatric Patients: A Factor Analytical Approach: The South Verona Outcome Project 4. British Journal of Psychiatry, 178(3), 268- 275.

McEwen, W. (2003). Analysis of spirituality contents in nursing textbooks. Journal of Nursing Education, 43(1), 20-30.

Peters, M., & Schuckert, M. (2014). Tourism entrepreneurs’ perception of quality of life: An explorative study. Tourism Analysis, 19, 731–740. DOI: 10.3727 /108354214X14146846679484

Qamariah, P. (2016). Strategi humas himpunan pengusaha muda Indonesia dalam menjaring anggota baru di kalangan pengusaha muda di Samarinda. eJournal lmu Komunikasi, 4 (1): 254- 268, dari http://ejournal. ilkom.fisip-unmul.ac.id/site/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/Jurnal%20 Putri%20Qamariah%20fix%20(03- 03-16-06-09-22).pdf

Rogala, P. (2014). Evaluation of the Subjective Quality of Life: Polish- German Borderline Case. Paper presented at International Quality Conference, University of Kragujevac.

Roper, N. (2002). Prinsip- prinsip keperawatan. Yogyakarta: Yayasan Essentia Medica. Ruggeri, M., Bisoffi, G., Fontecedro, L., & Warner, R. (2001). Subjective and Objective Dimensions of Quality of Life in Psychiatric Patients: A Factor Analytical Approach: The South Verona Outcome Project 4. British Journal of Psychiatry, 178(3), 268-275.

Samli, A. C. (2009). Entrepreneurship economic development and quality of life in third-world countries. Applied Research Quality Life, doi 10.1007/ s11482-009-9056-z

Sandikci, O., Peterson, M., Ekici, A., & Simkins, T. (2015). Development and quality of life in Turkey: How globalization, religion, and economic growth influence individual well-being. Journal of Macromarketing, 1-17, doi: 10.1177/0276146715608919

Sherman, C. L., Randall, C., & Kauanui, S. K. (2015). Are you happy yet? Entrepreneurs’ subjective well- being. Journal of Management, Spirituality & Religion, doi: 10.1080/14766086.2015.1043575

Sirgy, M.J. (2012). The Psychology of Quality of Life Hedonic Well-Being, Life Satisfaction,and Eudaimonia: Second Edition. Social Indicator Research.

Taylor, B. (1997). Earthen Spirituality or Cultural Genocide?: Radical Environmentalism’s Appropriation of Native American Spirituality. in Religion, 27(2), 183-215.

Underwood, L. G. & Teresi, J. (2002). The Daily Spiritual Experience Scale: Development, theoretical description, reliability, exploratory factor analysis, and preliminary construct validity using health related data. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 24, 22-33.

Yesim, E. (2015). Resilience and quality of life in 161 living kidney donors before ne phrectomy and in the aftermath of donation: A naturalistic single center study.

Young, K.W. (2012). Positive effects of Spirituality on Quality of life for People with Severe Mental Illness. International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 6(2), 62-77. World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL) (1996)

Kaynak Göster