Religiosity, Spirituality, Forgiveness, Religious Coping as Predictors of Life Satisfaction and Generalized Anxiety: A Quantitative Study on Turkish Muslim University Students

During the last two decades, several studies have been carried out to examine the main predictors of life satisfaction and anxiety. This paper investigates the connection between spirituality, religiosity, religious coping, forgiveness, anxiety, and satisfaction with life in the case of a Turkish Muslim sample. In total 560 respondents were selected from different faculties of Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal University. 53.4% (N= 299) of the sample were females and 46.6% (N= 261) of them were males. Participants’ age changed to between 18 and 38 years. 28.4% (N=159) of students were from faculty of education, 25.9% (N=145) of students were from faculty of architecture and engineering, 23.8% (N=133) of students were from faculty of theology, and 22% (N=123) of students were from faculty of administrative sciences and economics. In the present researchers utilised the “Forgiveness Scale”, “Positive Religious Coping Scale”, “Religious Struggles”, “Scale for Satisfaction with Life” and “Generalised Anxiety Scale” to collect data. According to multiple regression findings, religiosity and forgiveness were significant predictors for life satisfaction. Moreover, forgiveness and religious coping (religious struggles and positive religious coping) were significant predictors of generalized anxiety.

Hayat Memnuniyeti ve Kaygının Yordayıcıları Olarak Dindarlık, Maneviyat, Affetme ve Dini Başa Çıkma: Üniversite Öğrencileri Üzerine Nicel Bir Araştırma

Son çeyrek yüzyılda hayat memnuniyeti ve kaygının yordayıcısı olarak pek çok etmen üzerinde durulmuştur. Bu araştırma ise, dindarlık, maneviyat, dini başa çıkma, affetme, hayat memnuniyeti ve kaygı arasındaki ilişkiyi ele almaktadır. Araştırmaya Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi’nin farklı fakültelerinde okuyan 560 öğrenci dâhil edilmiştir. Katılımcıların %53.4’ü (N= 299) kadın %46.6’sı (N= 261) erkektir. Katılımcıların yaşları 18 ila 38 arasında değişmektedir. Katılımcıların %28.4’ü (N=159) eğitim, %25.9’u (N=145) mimarlık ve mühendislik, % 23.8’i (N=133) ilahiyat ve %22’si (N=123) iktisadi ve idari bilimler fakültelerinde öğrencidir. Veriler “Affetme Ölçeği”, “Olumlu Dini Başa Çıkma Ölçeği”, “Olumsuz Dini Başa Çıkma Ölçeği”, “Hayat Memnuniyeti Ölçeği” ve “Genel Kaygı Ölçeği” yardımıyla toplanmıştır. Regresyon analizlerinden elde edilen bulgular, dindarlık ve affetmenin hayat memnuniyetinde anlamlı yordayıcı olduklarını ortaya koymuştur. Ayrıca araştırmada affetmenin, olumlu ve olumsuz dini başa çıkmanın kaygı üzerinde anlamlı yordayıcı olduğu bulgulanmıştır.

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Kaynak Göster