Disability as a concept has been defined and explained from different perspectives over the years and cannot be regarded just with an individual focus. It should also be considered environmentally and socially. Spirituality and religion have a significant importance culturally for people with disabilities. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to explain the term disability in detail, its religious and spiritual aspects, and the use of these concepts in the rehabilitation process. Research has demonstrated spirituality and religion to be two terms that are a powerful and effective personal resource for accepting and dealing with issues regarding disability. According to studies, individuals have furthermore reported having a disability to provide them with a benefit of gaining a different point of view toward life. Because religion and spirituality are vital psychological resources that cannot be underestimated, they have been used in rehabilitation psychology as a coping mechanism. For this reason, this paper aims to provide knowledge about the concept of disability, its relationship with religion and spirituality, and its use in rehabilitation psychology
Engellilik, yıllar içinde farklı bakış açılarına göre tanımlanmış ve açıklanmış bir kavramdır ve sadece bireysel bağlamda ele alınmamaktadır. Aynı zamanda çevresel ve sosyal açılardan da değerlendirilmelidir. Psikolojik ve kültürel bağlamda maneviyat ve din engelli bireyler için büyük önem taşımaktadır. Bu nedenle, bu çalışmanın amacı engellilik terimini ayrıntılı olarak açıklamak, dini ve manevi açıdan ele almak ve bu kavramların rehabilitasyon sürecinde kullanımına yer vermektedir. Araştırmalar maneviyat ve dinin, engellilik ile ilgili durumları tanımak, kabullenmek ve üstesinden gelmek için güçlü ve etkili bir kaynak olduğunu göstermektedir. Yapılan çalışmalara göre, bireyler bir engel durumuna sahip olmanın yaşamlarına farklı bir bakış açısı sağladıklarını belirtmektedirler. Din ve maneviyat güçlü psikolojik kaynaklar olmalarından dolayı, rehabilitasyon sürecinde başa çıkma mekanizması olarak kullanılmaktadır. Bu sebeple, bu makale engelliliği, bu kavramın din ve maneviyatla ilişkisini ve rehabilitasyon danışmanlığındaki kullanımı hakkında bilgi vermeyi amaçlamaktadır.
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