Assessing the Predictor Roles of Mindfulness and Spiritual Intelligence for Depressive and Anxiety Symptoms

The goal of this study was to examine the effects of mindfulness (MF) and spiritual intelligence (SI) as predictors of depression and anxiety, the most frequent manifestations of mental disorders – among 184 Turkish participants of diverse ages, predominantly students, living in Istanbul and Sarajevo. Four instruments were administered either directly or via web-based services: Scale for Spiritual Intelligence (SSI), Hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS), Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire - Short Form (FFMQ-S) and Sociodemographic Information Form. Through the use of linear regression analysis, Actaware (b = -.19, p ≤ .001), Nonjudge (b = -.22, p ≤ .001), Nonreact (b = -.19, p ≤ .001) subscales of FFMQ-S were found to be negative predictors for depression and anxiety, whereas, Self-understanding subscale of SSI was not significant. Although our findings suggest that spiritual intelligence is not significant in prediction of depression and anxiety, our research provides empirical evidence for the link between MF, SI, depression and anxiety, as well as revealing MF as predictor for anxiety and depression which may be useful for further improvements in the scope of current interventions.

Bilinçli Farkındalık ve Manevi Zekanın Depresyon ve Anksiyete Belirtileri Üzerindeki Rolünün Değerlendirilmesi

Bu çalışmada Bilinçli Farkındalık ve Manevi Zekanın, en yaygın psikolojik durumlar olarak bilinen depresyon ve anksiyete üzerindeki etkisinin toplam 184 katılımcı – çeşitli yaşlardan olmakla beraber yoğunlukla öğrencilerden oluşan, İstanbul ve Saraybosna’da yaşayan, arasında incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Dört ölçek doğrudan veya web formları aracılığıyla uygulanmıştır: Manevi Zekâ Ölçeği, Hastane Anksiyete ve Depresyon (HAD) Ölçeği, Beş Faktörlü Bilgece Farkındalık Ölçeği-Kısa Formu (BFBFÖ-K) ve Sosyodemografik Bilgi Formu. Bilinçli Farkındalık Ölçeğinin Dikkati Düzenleyebilme (b = -.19, p ≤ .001), Yargılamadan Gözleme ve İzleme (b = -.22, p ≤ .001), Etkilenmeden Gözleme ve İzleme (b = -.19, p ≤ .001) alt boyutlarının depresyon ve anksiyete belirtilerini negatif yönde anlamlı olarak yordadığı bulunurken, Manevi Zeka ölçeğinin kendini anlama alt boyutu bu ilişki analizinde anlamsız bulunmuştur. Elde edilenlere göre, bu çalışma Bilinçli Farkındalık, depresyon ve kaygı arasındaki anlamlı ilişkinin ve bu ilişkide Manevi Zekanın rolünün anlaşılması için gelecek çalışmalara ışık tutmaktadır.

Kaynakça

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