Objective: The agitation that is sometimes seen in children during the recovery period after the administration of anesthesia can be a difficult problem to solve, and can turn a successful procedure into a distressing situation. This prospective, observational study was intended to determine factors that may lead to postoperative agitation in children in order to contribute to future pediatric anesthesia studies.Methods: A total of 206 patients between 3 and 10 years of age who underwent operations performed by the departments of orthopedics and traumatology; urology; eye diseases; ear, nose, and throat diseases; pediatric surgery; and plastic and reconstructive surgery and whose physical status was classified as American Society of Anaesthesiologists I or II were included in the study. The patients’ age, gender, details of preoperative fasting, previous surgeries (if any), premedication used (if any) and the method of application, the induction technique and drug used for anesthesia, airway management method, drugs used to maintain anesthesia and duration, postoperative analgesic management, and the duration of stay in the recovery room were recorded. In addition, the Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, Consolability score; the Pediatric Anesthesia Emergence Delirium score; and the modified Aldrete score recorded at the postoperative 10th minute were analyzed.Results: Statistical evaluation revealed that age, operation type, anesthesia technique and drug selected, airway management method, drug used for induction and maintenance of anesthesia, and the duration of anesthesia significantly affected postoperative agitation (p
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