Yeni kurumsal iktisat, son dönemlerde iktisat literatürüne hem teorik hem de ampirik olarak çok farklı perspektiflerden katkı sağlayan ve bu anlamda, görece sıkışık durumdaki Ortodoks algıya bir açılım imkanı tanıyan disiplinler arası bir iktisadi yaklaşım olarak literatürde kendine ayrıcalıklı bir yer bulmayı başarmıştır. Yaklaşım, kurumlar, kurallar ve organizasyonlar üzerine işlem maliyetleri, sınırlı rasyonalite, mülkiyet hakları, eksik sözleşmeler ve fırsatçılık gibi yeni bir terminolojiyle farklı bir metodolojik perspektif sunmayı başarmış ve böylece, iktisadi faaliyetin kurumsal temellerini pozitif araştırmanın merkezine taşıyarak, günümüzde en canlı ve dinamik iktisat disiplini haline gelmiştir. Bugün itibarıyla, yeni kurumsal iktisat, hakim iktisadi bilgeliği reddetmeden, ama gerçek dışı Neoklasik varsayımları sert bir biçimde eleştirip, yerine gerçekçi teoriler üreterek, yerleşik iktisadi gündemin tam merkezinde bulunmaktadır. Anahtar Sözcükler: Yeni Kurumsal İktisat, İşlem Maliyetleri, Mülkiyet Hakları
Recently, New Institutional Economics has ensured its own privileged place in literature as an interdisciplinary approach that contributes both empirically and theoretically to economics literature and in that sense, that gives an opportunity to the stranded Orthodoxy perception. The approach has achieved to introduce a different methodological perspective with a new terminology such as transaction costs, bounded rationality, property rights, incomplete contracts, and opportunity over rules, institutions, and organizations. Thus, by bringing the institutional foundations of economic activity to the center of the positive research, it has become the most dynamic and vital discipline in economics. As of today, New Institutional Economics is exactly at the center of the current economic agenda by criticizing Neoclassical assumptions and instead, generating realistic theories, but not rejecting prevailing economic wisdom.
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