GENÇ YETİŞKİNLİKTE SOSYAL AĞ HİYERARŞİSİ: SOSYAL ATOM TEORİSİ BAĞLAMINDA MALATYA, TÜRKİYE, ÜNİVERSİTE ÖĞRENCİLERİ ÖRNEKLEMİ ÜZERİNDEN BİR ARAŞTIRMA

Kültürel ve psikolojik faktörlerin genç yetişkinlikte bağlanma hiyerarşisi üzerine etkilerini ortaya koymayı amaçlayan bu çalışma, Malatya evreninde 20-24 yaşlar arasındaki 296 öğrenci örnekleminde gerçekleştirilmiştir. “Ben” çekirdeğine en yakın dairede yer alanlar sırasıyla %76,4 oranla anne, %43,6 oranla baba, %36,5 oranla kardeş, %20,9 oranla arkadaştır. Sevgilisi olanlar içinde %31,9’ü sevgiliyi ilk halkaya yerleştirmiştir. Genç kızların kaçınma düzeyleri erkeklere oranla istatistiksel olarak anlamlı derecede daha yüksektir ( 2 χ =21,083 p=0,000). Çocuklukta ailenin parçalanmış aile olması kaygı düzeyini istatistiksel açıdan anlamlı düzeyde arttırmaktadır ( 2 χ =10,078 p=0,002). Kaçınma düzeyi yüksek olanlarda, sevgilinin bulunduğu çember değeri ve sosyal atomdaki arkadaş sayısı anlamlı ölçüde daha düşüktür. Kaçınma düzeyinin yüksekliği, birinci çemberdeki kişi sayısının azalması ile sonuçlanmakta, ilk çembere arkadaşın alınmasını ve sevgili edinmeyi önemli derecede azaltmaktadır. Sosyal Atom Hacmi ve bağlanmada kaçınma sevgilisi olmayı etkileyen değişkenlerdir.

THE SOCIAL NETWORK HIERARCHY IN YOUNG ADULTHOOD: A RESEARCH TROUGH UNIVERSITY STUDENTS SAMPLES IN MALATYA, TURKEY WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF SOCIAL ATOM THEORY

This study, carried out in Malatya province among 296 student samples aged between 20-24, aims to reveal the effects of psychological and cultural factors on attachment hierarchy in young adulthood. The persons placed closest to the “Me” nucleus are the mother (76.4%), father (43.6%), sibling (36.5%) and friend (20.9%) respectively. Among those with a romantic partner, 31.9% place the romantic partner in the first circle. The avoidance levels of young females are statistically significantly higher than young males ( 2 χ =21.083 p=0.000). A separated family during childhood statistically significantly increase the attachment anxiety level ( 2 χ =10.078 p=0.002). The circle value the romantic partner is placed in and the numbers of friends in the social atom are significantly smaller in subjects with a high avoidance level. Increased attachment avoidance levels result in decreased number of persons in the first circle, thus, reducing significantly both placing friends in the first circle and having a romantic partner. The Social Atom Volume and avoidance of attachment, as our study demonstrate, are factors that influence having a romantic partner

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