Üniversite öğrencilerinin tütün kullanımı ve konu ile ilgili bilgi düzeyleri

Amaç: Tütün kullanımı, dünyadaki en önemli önlenebilir ölüm nedenidir. Sigara içenlerin 1/3?ü 13 yaflından, %90?ı ise 20 yaflından önce sigaraya başlar. Bu nedenle sigara firmaları sistemli biçimde çocuklara ve gençlere yönelmektedir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, sigara firmalarının hedefleri içinde olan üniversite öğrencilerinin tütün kullanımı ile ilgili bilgi düzeyini ölçmek ve gençlerin tütün kullanımı ile ilgili tutumunu değerlendirmektir. Gereç ve yöntem: Çalışmaya Ufuk Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi (TF), Hukuk Fakültesi (HF) ve Hemşirelik Yüksek Okulu (HYO) öğrencileri arasından gönüllü olan 324 genç alındı. The Global Youth Tobacco Survey Collaborative Group tarafından hazırlanan ?Global Youth Tobacco Survey? (GYTS) adlı ankete nargile kullanımı ile ilgili sorular eklenip, üniversite etik kurulu onayıyla öğrencilere uygulandı. Bulgular: Öğrencilerin %38?i halen sigara içmekteydi. Sigara içme oranı en yüksek HF, en düşük TF öğrencilerinde bulundu (p

Smoking habits of university students and level of their knowledge about the topic

Aim: Smoking is the most important preventable cause of death in the world. One third of the smokers start smoking before the age of 13 and 90% start before the age of 20. Therefore, cigarette companies systematically target young people. The aim of this study is to determine the level of knowledge of university students and to evaluate their attitude about smoking. Material and methods: Three hundred twenty four students from faculty of medicine (MF), faculty of law (LF) and nursing school (NS) of Ufuk University were included in the study. A questionnaire prepared by Youth Tobacco Survey Collaborative Group and named ?Global Youth Tobacco Survey? (GYTS) was performed after adding some questions about use of nargile (water-pipe). Results: Thirty eight percent of the students were current smokers. The smoking rate was highest in LF and lowest in MF (p<0.05). The learning rate of the damage smoking can cause was highest among MF students (p<0.001). Smoking and water-pipe use were more prevelant among males (p<0.05, p,0.001). Most of the smokers (%79) had started smoking before university. Smoking rate was higher among LF students and friends of males (p<0.001). Among the students,15.4% was smoking both cigarette and water-pipe, 12.7% only water-pipe. While, 92.9% of students had known that smoking was harmfull, only 72.2% of them was aware of the damage water-pipe can cause. Two hundred eighty five students (85%) indicated that passive-smoking was harmfull and 76.2% of them supported prohibition of smoking. Although, 62% of 99 current smokers wanted to stop smoking, 59% of them did not take any help or advice. Conclusion: Seventy nine percent of the students who were included in the study started smoking before university. This result showed once again that efforts to prevent smoking should start at early ages. Because of the low level of knowledge, the damages of water-pipe should be emphasized. Since most of the young people who are current smokers want to stop smoking, supportive preventions must be arranged.

Kaynakça

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