Farklı branşlarda spor yapan kadın sporcuların akciğer fonksiyonlarının karşılaştırılması

Amaç: Farklı sporların akciğer fonksiyonları üzerine etkileri birbirinden farklılık göstermektedir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, farklı sporlarda yer alan kadın sporcular ve aynı yaş grubundaki kadın sedanterlerde spor yapmanın ve spor türünün akciğer fonksiyonları üzerinde etkisi olup olmadığını araştırmaktı. Gereç ve yöntem: Çalışmada, yaşları 16-28 arasında değişen, elit sporcu veya sedanter üniversite öğrencileri (40 kadın sporcu ve 15 kadın sedanter) kullanıldı. Bir anket ile deneklerin spor yaşı, sigara içme durumu ve obstrüktif akciğer hastalığı olup olmadığı belirlendi. Dinamik akciğer fonksiyon testleri (FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC, FEF25-75 ve PEF) bilgisayarlı spirometre ile ölçüldü. İstatistiksel analiz için ANOVA, ANCOVA ve Post Hock LSD testleri kullanıldı. Bulgular: FEV1 değerinin bütün gruplarda sedanterlere göre anlamlı olarak yüksek bulunmasına (p

Comparison of pulmonary functions on women performing different sports

Aim: The effects of different sports on pulmonary functions differ from each other. The aim of the present study was to compare pulmonary functions in female athletes engaging in different sports and sedentary females of the same age. Material and methods: Female university students, aged between 16 and 28, who are elite athletes or sedentary (40 female athletes and 15 sedentary females) served as subjects. Sport age, smoking status and status of obstructive lung diseases of the subjects were determined by an inventory. Dynamic lung function tests (FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC, FEF25-75 and PEF) were measured by a computerized spirometer. For statistical analysis, ANOVA, ANCOVA and Post Hock LSD tests were used. Results: There were no significant differences among all the sport groups, although all the sport groups had higher values than sedentary. Conclusion: Exercise has positive effects on pulmonary functions by improving inspiration and expiration muscle. Therefore, in terms of pulmonary functions it is important for individuals to prefer active lifestyle instead of sedentary lifestyle.

Kaynakça

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