Van ve Çevresindeki Hiristiyanlık Dönemi Yapılan Plan Açısından Değerlendirilmesi

Evaluation of the Churches in and Around Van in Terms of Plan

With a historical background dating back to the pre-writing ages, the city of Van and its vicinity came under the reign of the Byzantines as of the 5th century A.D. The region maintained its existence under the Byzantines and Sasanis by turns. After the late 7th century, the region was exposed to a long-term Armenian reign up until the late 10th century. Afterwards, this region came under the reign of the Byzantines again, terminating the 113-year-old Vaspurakan Armenian kingdom there. In and around the city of Van, where a lot of churches and monasteries were built, both Byzantium and Armenia were hosted. An examination of these buildings shows that they were built with circular and cross-shaped plans. The group of circular plan consists of the trikonkhos plan scheme having two different types, tetra and trikonkhos. The group of the cross-shaped plan, however, contains the types defined as open and closed Greek crosses as well as very large buildings with single nef and extending toward four directions via narrow corridors. Armenian art developed a peculiar style especially in field of architecture. Today there are many Armenian buildings, some in the East Anatolia Region, which were generally built in between the 5th and 7th centuries. Mixing their local traditions with those of the civilizations around them, they developed the regional Christian Art, also called as Armenian and Georgian

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Kaynak Göster