Covid-19 Hastalarına Bakım Veren Hemşirelerde Öz Yeterlilik
Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı, COVID-19 hastalarına bakım veren hemşirelerin öz-yeterlik durumlarını ve bu süreci etkileyen faktörleri belirlemektir. Yöntem: Çalışma tanımlayıcı ve ilişkisel desendedir. Çalışma öncesi etik kurul onayı alınmış, örneklem hesabında n=t2 x p x q/d2 formülü kullanılmış ve veriler dijital ortamda toplanmıştır. Bulgular: COVID-19 sürecine dahil olan hemşirelerde öz yeterlilik düzeylerinin yüksek olduğu görülmektedir. Katılımcıların yaşı, cinsiyeti, eğitim durumu, bağlı olduğu kurum öz yeterliği etkilemediği bulunmuştur. Çalıştığı birimden memnun olan hemşirelerin öz-yeterlik düzeyi yüksektir. Ayrıca kaygı düzeyi yüksek olanların öz-yeterlik toplam ve alt ölçek puanları da yüksektir. Kaygısı yüksek olanların sürekli tetikte oldukları, hasta bakımı ve mesleki uygulamalarda daha gayretli oldukları söylenebilir. Sonuç: Hemşirelerin öz-yeterliklerini artırmak için iş yeri memnuniyetinin önemli olduğu, onlara rahatlık sağlamak ve memnuniyetlerini artırmak için ilgili iyileştirmelerin yapılması gerektiği görülmüştür.
Self-Efficacy in Nurses Caring for Covid-19 Patients
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the self-efficacy status of the nurses who care for COVID-19 patients and the factors affecting this process. Methods: The study is based on descriptive and relational design. Ethics committee approval was obtained before the study, the formula n = t2 x p x q / d2 was used in the sample calculation, and data were collected in a digital environment. Results: Self-efficacy levels are observed to be high in nurses involved in the COVID-19 process. It has been found that age, gender, educational background, affiliated institutions of participants does not affect self-efficacy. The self-efficacy level is high among nurses who are satisfied with the unit they work in. Besides, those with high levels of anxiety also have high self-efficacy total and subscale scores. It can be said that those with high anxiety are constantly on the alert and are more diligent in patient care and professional practice. Conclusion: It has been observed that workplace satisfaction is important to increase the self-efficacy of nurses, and relevant improvements should be achieved to provide them comfort and increase their satisfaction.
- Zhu N, Zhang D, Wang W, Li X, Yang B, Song J, et al. China Novel Coronavirus Investigating and Research Team. A novel coronavirus from patients with pneumonia in China, 2019. N Engl J Med. 2020;382(8):727-33.
- Novel CPERE. The epidemiological characteristics of an outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus diseases (COVID-19) in China. Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi= Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi. 2020;41(2):145.
- Dhama K, Sharun K, Tiwari R, Dadar M, Malik YS, Singh KP, et al. COVID-19, an emerging coronavirus infection: advances and prospects in designing and developing vaccines, immunotherapeutics, and therapeutics. Human vaccines & immunotherapeutics. 2020;16(6):1232-8.
- Cascella M, Rajnik M, Cuomo A, Dulebohn SC, Di Napoli R. Features, Evaluation and Treatment Coronavirus (COVID-19). StatPearls. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing StatPearls Publishing LLC.; 2020.
- Bostan S, Erdem R, Öztürk YE, Kılıç T, Yılmaz A. The Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on the Turkish Society. Electronic Journal of General Medicine. 2020;17(6).
- McKibbin WJ, Fernando R. The global macroeconomic impacts of COVID-19: Seven scenarios. 2020.
- Coronavirus (COVID-19): SME policy responses [Internet]. 2020 [cited 17.06.2021]. Available from: https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/policy-responses/coronavirus-covid-19-sme-policy-responses-04440101/.
- Covid-19 [Internet]. 2020 [cited 01.05.2020]. Available from: https://www.toraks.org.tr/.
- Duygulu s, Açil SB, Özdemir EK, Erdat Y. COVID-19 Outbreak: Role and Responsibilities of Executive Nurses. Journal of Hacettepe University Faculty of Nursing. 2020;7(Special Issue):34-46.
- Lee TW, Ko YK. Effects of self‐efficacy, affectivity and collective efficacy on nursing performance of hospital nurses. Journal of Advanced nursing. 2010;66(4):839-48.
- Alavi A, Zargham-Boroujeni A, Yousefy A, Bahrami M. Altruism, the values dimension of caring self-efficacy concept in Iranian pediatric nurses. Journal of education and health promotion. 2017;6.
- Hassan J, Hongkrailert N, Sillabutra J. Effect of efficacy on nursing performance in Indira Gandhi Memorial Hospital, Maldives. Journal of Public Health and Development. 2015;13(2):19-30.
- İşçi N, Altuntaş S. Effect of Professionalism Level on Tendency to Make Medical Errors in Nurses. Florence Nightingale Hemşirelik Dergisi. 2019.
- Caruso R, Pittella F, Zaghini F, Fida R, Sili A. Development and validation of the nursing profession self‐efficacy scale. International nursing review. 2016;63(3):455-64.
- Kalaycı Ş, Albayrak A, Eroğlu A, Küçüksille E, Ak B, Karaltı M, et al. SPSS applied multivariate statistical techniques, Asil Yayın Dağıtım Ltd. Şti, Ankara. 2005.
- Gilissen J, Pivodic L, Wendrich-van Dael A, Cools W, Vander Stichele R, Van den Block L, et al. Nurses’ self-efficacy, rather than their knowledge, is associated with their engagement in advance care planning in nursing homes: A survey study. Palliative medicine. 2020;34(7):917-24.
- Vicdan AK, Taştekin A. A Study on Adapting the Nursing Profession Self-Efficacy Scale to Turkish. Acıbadem University Journal of Health Sciences. 2019(3):504-10.
- Dogan R, Ayaz S. Exercise behaviours, self sufficiency levels of nurses and related factors. Journal of Anatolıa Nursing And Health Sciences. 2015;18(4):287-95.
- Tambağ H, Kahraman Y, Şahpolat M, Can R. The effect of nurses' work environment on job satisfaction. Medical Journal of Bakırköy, Volume 11, Number 4, 2015
- Karamustafalıoğlu O, Yumrukçal H. Depression and anxiety disorders. Şişli Etfal Hospital Medical Bulletin. 2011;45(2):65-74.
- Sun N, Wei L, Shi S, Jiao D, Song R, Ma L, et al. A qualitative study on the psychological experience of caregivers of COVID-19 patients. American journal of infection control. 2020;48(6):592-8.
- Lai J, Ma S, Wang Y, Cai Z, Hu J, Wei N, et al. Factors associated with mental health outcomes among health care workers exposed to coronavirus disease 2019. JAMA network open. 2020;3(3):e203976-e.
- Tan BY, Chew NW, Lee GK, Jing M, Goh Y, Yeo LL, et al. Psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on health care workers in Singapore. Annals of internal medicine. 2020;173(4):317-20.
- Wong TW, Yau JK, Chan CL, Kwong RS, Ho SM, Lau CC, et al. The psychological impact of severe acute respiratory syndrome outbreak on healthcare workers in emergency departments and how they cope. European Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2005;12(1):13-8.
- Shih F-J, Gau M-L, Kao C-C, Yang C-Y, Lin Y-S, Liao Y-C, et al. Dying and caring on the edge: Taiwan's surviving nurses' reflections on taking care of patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome. Applied Nursing Research. 2007;20(4):171-80.
- Şimşekoğlu N, Mayda AS. Healthy lifestyle behaviors and health anxiety levels of nurses working in a university hospital. Journal of Duzce University Institute of Health Sciences. 2016;6(1):19-29.
- Muşlu C. Anxiety, depression and quality of life in primary care and hospital nurses. Konuralp Medical Journal. 2012;4(1):17-23.
- Kaçan CY, Örsal Ö, Köşgeroğlu N. Examination of burnout level in nurses. Cumhuriyet Nursing Journal. 2016;5(2):65-74.
|| Elkoca, A.
, Yiğitbaş, Ç.
& Özcan, H.
Self-Efficacy in Nurses Caring for Covid-19 Patients
Sakarya Üniversitesi Holistik Sağlık Dergisi
, 6 (2) ,