Taş Korumada Son 20 Yıldaki Gelişmeler ve Yenilikler

AN OVERVIEW ON STONE CONSERVATION IN PAST TWO DECADES

Stone Conservation Science includes both research and implementation techniques such as diagnosis, documentation, cleaning, consolidation, reintegration, treatment with water-repellents and surface protection. Ideas about stone conservation started in mid-19th century had not been controlled by scientific researches till 1930s. Between 1970s and 1995-96, quite a few scientific publications had been observed exploring decay phenomena, deterioration processes, efficacy and durability of water-repellents and consolidation treatments. Not only the scientific studies but also practical experiences on some emulsions and nanotechnology had been pronounced in 1995-2010. Today, it’s worth to underline that especially practices on stone consolidation don’t correspond with the required number in parallel with the knowledge obtained through decades. This paper represents an overview on Stone Conservation Science and starting from the ‘preventive conservation’, various techniques of cleaning, salt extraction, consolidation treatments and types of chemicals, methods and materials of surface protection and recent experiments are evaluated, ‘integrated conservation approach’ is emphasized

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