Research and Development (R&D) and innovation have a significant impact on the competitiveness of countries. Science and Technology Parks (STPs) are an important component of R&D and innovation ecosystems of countries and they aim to increase the university-industry collaboration. This study addresses the efficiency analysis of STPs in Turkey using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). For this purpose, an input-oriented DEA model is used to obtain efficiency scores of STPs and 5 of 22 STPs are found to be efficient. After that, to examine the strong and weak areas of STPs six additional Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) models are considered. According to these models, STPs exhibits lower performance in the efficiency of revenue and patents. Finally, STPs are clustered based on efficiency scores as Marketers, Researchers and Low-performers using K-means clustering and we made suggestions for each cluster. The motivation of this study is contributing to policies for increasing the performance and the impact of the STPs in Turkey.

Anahtar Kelimeler:
## Science and technology parks, data envelopment analysis, cluster analysis, efficiency

Research and Development (R&D) and innovation have a significant impact on the competitiveness of countries. Science and Technology Parks (STPs) are an important component of R&D and innovation ecosystems of countries and they aim to increase the university-industry collaboration. This study addresses the efficiency analysis of STPs in Turkey using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). For this purpose, an input-oriented DEA model is used to obtain efficiency scores of STPs and 5 of 22 STPs are found to be efficient. After that, to examine the strong and weak areas of STPs six additional Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) models are considered. According to these models, STPs exhibits lower performance in the efficiency of revenue and patents. Finally, STPs are clustered based on efficiency scores as Marketers, Researchers and Low-performers using K-means clustering and we made suggestions for each cluster. The motivation of this study is contributing to policies for increasing the performance and the impact of the STPs in Turkey.

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Bibtex | @araştırma makalesi { politeknik649833, journal = {Politeknik Dergisi}, eissn = {2147-9429}, address = {Gazi Üniversitesi Teknoloji Fakültesi 06500 Teknikokullar - ANKARA}, publisher = {Gazi Üniversitesi}, year = {2021}, volume = {24}, number = {4}, pages = {1667 - 1674}, doi = {10.2339/politeknik.649833}, title = {Efficiency Analysis of Science and Technology Parks Using Data Envelopment Analysis: Evidence from Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {Arslan, Necla and Belgin, Önder} } |

APA | Arslan, N. & Belgin, Ö. (2021). Efficiency Analysis of Science and Technology Parks Using Data Envelopment Analysis: Evidence from Turkey . Politeknik Dergisi , 24 (4) , 1667-1674 . DOI: 10.2339/politeknik.649833 |

MLA | Arslan, N. , Belgin, Ö. "Efficiency Analysis of Science and Technology Parks Using Data Envelopment Analysis: Evidence from Turkey" . Politeknik Dergisi 24 (2021 ): 1667-1674 < |

Chicago | Arslan, N. , Belgin, Ö. "Efficiency Analysis of Science and Technology Parks Using Data Envelopment Analysis: Evidence from Turkey". Politeknik Dergisi 24 (2021 ): 1667-1674 |

RIS | TY - JOUR T1 - Efficiency Analysis of Science and Technology Parks Using Data Envelopment Analysis: Evidence from Turkey AU - NeclaArslan, ÖnderBelgin Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.2339/politeknik.649833 DO - 10.2339/politeknik.649833 T2 - Politeknik Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1667 EP - 1674 VL - 24 IS - 4 SN - -2147-9429 M3 - doi: 10.2339/politeknik.649833 UR - Y2 - 2020 ER - |

EndNote | %0 Politeknik Dergisi Efficiency Analysis of Science and Technology Parks Using Data Envelopment Analysis: Evidence from Turkey %A Necla Arslan , Önder Belgin %T Efficiency Analysis of Science and Technology Parks Using Data Envelopment Analysis: Evidence from Turkey %D 2021 %J Politeknik Dergisi %P -2147-9429 %V 24 %N 4 %R doi: 10.2339/politeknik.649833 %U 10.2339/politeknik.649833 |

ISNAD | Arslan, Necla , Belgin, Önder . "Efficiency Analysis of Science and Technology Parks Using Data Envelopment Analysis: Evidence from Turkey". Politeknik Dergisi 24 / 4 (Aralık 2021): 1667-1674 . |

AMA | Arslan N. , Belgin Ö. Efficiency Analysis of Science and Technology Parks Using Data Envelopment Analysis: Evidence from Turkey. Politeknik Dergisi. 2021; 24(4): 1667-1674. |

Vancouver | Arslan N. , Belgin Ö. Efficiency Analysis of Science and Technology Parks Using Data Envelopment Analysis: Evidence from Turkey. Politeknik Dergisi. 2021; 24(4): 1667-1674. |

IEEE | N. Arslan ve Ö. Belgin , "Efficiency Analysis of Science and Technology Parks Using Data Envelopment Analysis: Evidence from Turkey", , c. 24, sayı. 4, ss. 1667-1674, Ara. 2021, doi:10.2339/politeknik.649833 |

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