Developing The Adolescent Happiness Scale: Validity and reliability study

The purpose of the current study is to develop the Adolescent Happiness Scale (AHS). A systematic approach was utilized for developing the scale. In this study, the data were collected from 1136 adolescents including 490 females and 646 males between 11-17 years of age. The psychometric properties of AHS were analyzed by means of item analysis, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, criterion-related validity, internal consistency and test-retest methods. The exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses results revealed that the scale had a single-factor structure. Within the scope of the criterion-related validity studies, significant positive correlations were found between AHS and positive affects and overall happiness levels, and a significant negative correlation was found between AHS and negative affects. The internal consistency coefficient of AHS was .92 for the first study and .91 for the second study. Test-retest reliability coefficient was determined to be .74. In conclusion, AHS can be recommended as a reliable and valid tool in measuring the happiness level of adolescents.

Ergen Mutluluk Ölçeğinin Geliştirilmesi: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması

Bu çalışmanın amacı, ergenlerin mutluluk düzeylerini belirlemeye yönelik ölçme aracı geliştirmektir. Ergen Mutluluk Ölçeğini (EMÖ) geliştirmek için sistematik bir yaklaşım takip edilmiştir. Araştırmaya, 11-17 yaşları arasında 490 kadın ve 646 erkek olmak üzere toplam 1136 ergen katılmıştır. EMÖ’nin psikometrik özellikleri madde analizi, açımlayıcı ve doğrulayıcı faktör analizi, benzer ölçek geçerliği, iç tutarlık ve test tekrar test yöntemleriyle incelenmiştir. Faktör analizi sonuçları ölçeğin tek faktörlü bir yapıya sahip olduğunu ortaya koymuştur. Ölçüt geçerliği kapsamında EMÖ ile pozitif duygular ve şu anki mutluluk düzeyi arasında pozitif yönde anlamlı ilişkiler bulunmuştur. EMÖ ile negatif duygular arasında ise negatif yönde manidar ilişki bulunmuştur. Ölçeğin iç tutarlık katsayısı, ilk uygulama için .92 iken ikinci uygulama için .91; test tekrar test güvenirlik katsayısı ise .74 olarak saptanmıştır. Sonuç olarak, EMÖ’nin ergenlerin mutluluğunu ölçmede kullanılabilecek geçerli ve güvenilir bir ölçme aracı olduğu söylenebilir.

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Kaynak Göster