Erdemli Liderlik Algısının, Birey-Örgüt Uyumu ve İş Tatminine Etkisi

Bu çalışmada, erdemli liderlik, birey-örgüt uyumu ve iş tatmini kavramları incelenmiş ve bu kavramların birbirleri üzerindeki etkileri incelenerek devlet okullarında çalışan öğretmenler üzerinde bir uygulama yapılmıştır. Bu çalışmanın amacı, bir süpervizörün astları tarafından algılanan erdemli liderliğin, astların birey-örgüt uyumu ile iş tatmini üzerinde etkisi olup olmadığını belirlemektir. Bu amaç doğrultusunda Şırnak ilinde devlet okullarında çalışan öğretmenlerden 145 kişiden rastgele örneklem yöntemine göre ve online anket yöntemiyle veriler elde edilmiştir. Bu amaçla, 8 adedi demografik özellikleri görmeye yönelik, 42 adedi ölçek ifadeleri olmak üzere 50 maddeden oluşan anket formu hazırlanmıştır. Erdemli liderlik ölçeği 18, iş tatmini ölçeği 20, ve birey örgüt uyumu ölçeği 4 ifade içermektedir. Erdemli liderlik ölçeği, Wang ve Hackett'ın (2016) çalışmasından dilimize çevrilen ifadelerden oluşmaktadır. İş tatmini ölçeği, Weiss, Davis ve England (1967) tarafından oluşturulan anketin kısa biçimidir. Birey-örgüt uyumuyla ilgili ifadelerden oluşan üçüncü ölçek ise Netemeyer, Boles, McKee, ve McMurrian’ın (1997) çalışmasından uyarlanmıştır. Anket formlarından elde edilen veriler SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) kullanılarak analiz edilmiştir. Verilere frekans analizi, ANOVA, t testi, Pearson korelasyon ve regresyon analizi uygulanmıştır. Araştırma bulgularına göre, öğretmenlerin erdemli liderlik algılarının birey-örgüt uyumu ve iş tatminini pozitif yönde yordadığı bulunmuştur.

The Effect of Virtuous Leadership on Person-Organization Fit and Job Satisfaction

In this study, the concepts of virtuous leadership, person-organization fit and job satisfaction have been examined and a field study has been conducted on teachers working in public schools by investigating the effects of these concepts on each other. The purpose of this study is to determine whether virtuous leadership perceived by a supervisor's subordinates has an effect on subordinates' person-organization fit and job satisfaction. In line with that aim, data was obtained from 145 teachers working at state schools in Şırnak province by random sampling method and using online survey. For that purpose, a questionnaire form consisting of 50 items was prepared, 8 of which were intended to obtain demographic characteristics and 42 were scale expressions. Virtuous leadership scale contains 18, job satisfaction scale 20, and person-organization fit scale contains 4 statements. The virtuous leadership scale consists of expressions translated into our language from Wang and Hackett's (2016) study. The job satisfaction scale is a short form of the questionnaire created by Weiss, Davis, and England (1967). The third scale consisting of expressions about the person-organization fit was adapted from the study of Netemeyer, Boles, McKee, and McMurrian (1997). The data obtained from the questionnaire forms were analyzed using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences). Frequency analysis, ANOVA, t test, Pearson correlation and Regression analysis were applied to the data. According to the findings of the research, it was found that teachers' virtuous leadership perceptions positively predicted person-organization fit and job satisfaction.

Kaynakça

Abramis, D. J. (1994). Work role ambiguity, job satisfaction, and job performance: Meta-analyses and review. Psychological Reports, 75, 1411-1433.

Adams A. and Bond, S. (2000). Hospital nurses' job satisfaction, individual and organizational characteristics. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 32(3), 536-543.

Aguado, R. and Retolaza, J. L. (2020). Humanistic management in the corporation: From self-interest to dignity and well-being. R. Aguado ve A, Eizaguirre (Ed.), Virtuous cycles in humanistic managment: from the classroom to the corporation içinde (s.151-162). Cham: Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

Akarsu, B. (1962). Sokrates’de erdem düşüncesi. Felsefe Arkivi, 13, 57-73.

Akhtar, M. W., Syed, F., Husnain, M. and Naseer, S. (2019). Person-organization fit and innovative work behavior: The mediating role of perceived organizational support, affective commitment and trust. Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences (PJCSS), 13(2), 311-333.

Alfes, K., Shantz, A. and Alahakone, R. (2016). Testing additive versus interactive effects of person-organization fit and organizational trust on engagement and performance. Personnel Review, 45(6), 1323-1339.

Ambrose, M. L., Arnaud, A. and Schminke, M. (2008), Individual moral development and ethical climate: the influence of person-organization fit on job attitudes. Journal of Business Ethics, 77(3), 323-333.

Amillano, A., Baniandrés, J. and Gartzia, L. (2020). Integral human development through servant leadership and psychological androgyny. R. Aguado ve A, Eizaguirre (Ed.), Virtuous cycles in humanistic managment: from the classroom to the corporation içinde (s.57-76). Cham: Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

Amiot, C. E.; Terry, D. J.; Jimmieson, N. L and Callan, V. J. (2006). A longitudinal investigation of coping processes during a merger: implications for job satisfaction and organizational identification. Journal of Management, 32(4), 552-574.

Aşan, Ö. ve Erenler, E. (2008). İş tatmini ve yaşam tatmini ilişkisi. Suleyman Demirel University The Journal of Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, 13(2), 203-216.

Bauman, D. C. (2018). Plato on virtuous leadership: an ancient model for modern business. Business Ethics Quarterly, 28(3), 251-274.

Bayrak Kök, S. (2006). İş tatmini ve örgütsel bağlılığın incelenmesine yönelik bir araştırma, Atatürk Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi, 20(1), 291-317.

Berg, P. (1999). The effects of high-performance work practices on job satisfaction in the United States steel industry. Industrial Relations, 54(1), 111–135.

Bier, M. C. and Sherblom, S. A. (2020). Special issue guest editors’ introduction: virtuous leadership as a complex developmental and contextual dynamic. Journal of Character Education, 16(1), 5-9.

Bingöl, M. (2015). Eflatun’da bilgi ve ahlâk ilişkisi. ETÜ Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 1(1), 173-186.

Caldwell, C., Hasan, Z. and Smith, S. (2015). Virtuous leadership: İnsights for the 21st century. Journal of Management Development, 34(9), 1181-1200.

Cerit, Y. (2009). The effects of servant leadership behaviours of school principals on teachers’ job satisfaction. Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 37(5), 600-623.

Chen, P., Sparrow, P. and Cooper, C. (2016). The relationship between person-organization fit and job satisfaction. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 31(5), 946-959.

Choi, H. M., Kim, W. G. and McGinley, S. (2017). The extension of the theory of person-organization fit toward hospitality migrant worker. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 62, 53-66.

Cooper-Thomas, H. D. and Wright, S. (2013). Person-environment misfit: the neglected role of social context., Journal of Managerial Psychology, 28(1), 21-37.

Çöp, S. ve Doğanay, A. (2020). Algılanan liderlik iletişiminin iş performansı ve iş tatminine etkisi: 4 ve 5 yıldızlı otel çalışanları üzerine bir araştırma. İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 7(1), 34-49.

Demirel, D. (2014). Farabi’nin ideal devleti: Erdemli şehir. Niğde Üniversitesi İİBF Dergisi, 7(1), 358-369.

Deniz, N., Noyan, A., ve Ertosun, O. G. (2015). Linking person-job fit to job stress: The mediating effect of perceived person-organization fit. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 207, 369–376.

Elfenbein, H. A., ve O’Reilly, C. A. (2007). Fitting in: The effects of relational demography and person-culture fit on group process and performance. Group and Organization Management, 32, 109-142.

Gao, J., Arnulf, J. K. and Kristoffersen, H. (2011). Western leadership development and Chinese managers: exploring the need for contextualization. Scandinavian Journal of Management, 27, 55-65.

George, D. and Mallery, P. (2016). IBM SPSS statistics 23 step by step: a simple guide and reference. (14. Baskı). New York: Routledge.

Hackett, R. D. ve Wang, G. (2012). Virtues and leadership: An integrating conceptual framework founded in Aristotelian and Confucian perspectives on virtues. Management Decision, 50(5), 868-899.

Hendriks, M., Burger, M., Rijsenbilt, A., Pleeging, E. and Commandeur, H. (2020). Virtuous leadership: A source of employee well-being and trust. Management Research Review, 43(8), 951-970.

Hoffman, B. J., and Woehr, D. J. (2006). A quantitative review of the relationship between person–organization fit and behavioral outcomes. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 68(3), 389-399.

Jansen, K. J., and Kristof-Brown, A. (2006). Toward a multidimensional theory of person-environment fit. Journal of Managerial Issues, 18, 193-212.

Kâhya, C. (2013). Örgütsel sinizm, iş performansını etkiler mi? İş tatminin aracılık etkisi. Global Journal of Economics and Business Studies, 2(3), 34-46.

Kahyaoğlu, M. ve Akca, M. (2020). Kurumsal imajın iş tatminine etkisinde duygusal bağlılığın rolü: Konaklama işletmeleri üzerinde bir araştırma. Turizm Akademik Dergisi, 7(1), 225-240.

Karcıoğlu, F. ve Akbaş, S. (2010). İşyerine psikolojik şiddet ve iş tatmini ilişkisi. Atatürk Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi, 24(3), 139-161.

Kerse, G. (2019). A leader indeed is a leader in deed: The relationship of ethical leadership, person–organization fit, organizational trust, and extra-role service behavior. Journal of Management & Organization, 1-20.

Kristof, A. L. (1996). Person-organization fit: An integrative review of its conceptualizations, measurement, and implications. Personnel Psychology, 49, 1-49.

Kristof-Brown, A. L., Zimmerman, R. D., and Johnson, E. C. (2005). Consequences of individuals’ fit at work: A meta-analysis of person-job, person-organization, person-group, and person-supervisor fit. Personnel Psychology, 58, 281-342.

Latemore, G., Steane, P. and Kramar, R. (2020). From utility to dignity: Humanism in human resource management. R. Aguado ve A, Eizaguirre (Ed.), Virtuous cycles in humanistic managment: From the classroom to the corporation içinde (s.91-120). Cham: Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

Leech, N. L., Barrett, K. C. and Morgan, G. A. (2005). SPSS for intermediate statistics: use and interpretation. (2. Baskı). New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., Publishers.

Li, Chenyang (2009). Where does confucian virtuous leadership stand? Philosophy East and West, 59(4), 531-536.

Liu, B., Liu, J. and Hu, J. (2010). Person-organization fit, job satisfaction, and turnover intention: an empirical study in the chinese public sector. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 38(5), 615–625. doi:10.2224/sbp.2010.38.5.615.

Lu, H.; While A. E. ve Barriball K. L. (2005), Job satisfaction among nurses: a literature review. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 42, 211-227.

Netemeyer, R. G., Boles, J. S., McKee, D. O. and McMurrian, R. (1997). An investigation into the antecedents of organizational citizenship behaviors in a personal selling context. Journal of Marketing, 61(3), 85-98.

Meyer, M. and Hühn, M. P. (2020). Positive language and virtuous leadership: Walking the talk. Management Research: Journal of the Iberoamerican Academy of Management, 18(3), 263-284.

Molacı, M. (2018). Aristoteles’in etik görüşü. Medeniyet ve Toplum, 2(1), 37-57.

Morley, M. (2007). Person‐organization fit. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 22(2), 109-117.

Örücü, E.; Yumuşak, S. ve Bozkır Y. (2006). Bankalarda çalışan personelin iş tatmini ve iş tatminini etkileyen faktörlerin incelenmesine yönelik bir araştırma. Celal Bayar Üniversitesi İİBF Yönetim ve Ekonomi Dergisi, 13(1), 40-51.

Peng, J., Lee, Y. and Tseng, M. (2014). Person-organization fit and turnover intention: exploring the mediating effect of work engagement and the moderating effect of demand-ability fit. The Journal of Nursing Research, 22(1), 1-11.

Perrachione, B A., Rosser, V. J. and Peterson, G. J. (2008). Why do they stay? Elementary teachers’ perceptions of job satisfaction and retention. The Professional Educator, 32(2), 1-17.

Piko, B. F. (2006). Burnout, role conflict, job satisfaction and psychosocial health among hungarian health care staff: A questionnaire survey. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 43, 311-318

Qing, M., Asif, M., Hussain A. ve Jameel A. (2019). Exploring the impact of ethical leadership on job satisfaction and organizational commitment in public sector organizations: The mediating role of psychological empowerment. Review of Managerial Science, 14, 1405-1432.

Resnick S. and Bond, G. R. (2001). The Indiana job satisfaction scale: job satisfaction in vocational rehabilitation for people with severe mental illness. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 25, 12-19.

Roslender, R., Monk, L. and Murray, N. (2020). Promoting greater levels of employee health and well-being in the uk: How much worse do the problems have to get? R. Aguado ve A, Eizaguirre (Ed.), Virtuous cycles in humanistic managment: from the classroom to the corporation içinde (s.135-150). Cham: Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

Rouleau, D., Fournier, P., Philibert, A., Mbengue, B. and Dumont, A. (2012). The effects of midwives’ job satisfaction on burnout, intention to quit and turnover: A longitudinal study in Senegal. Human Resources for Health, 10(9), 1-14.

Samacki, A. (2020). Utilitarian ethics in the praxis of companies: challenges of imposition and duplicity. R. Aguado ve A, Eizaguirre (Ed.), Virtuous cycles in humanistic managment: from the classroom to the corporation içinde (s.77-90). Cham: Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

Sarros, J. C., Cooper, B. K. and Hartican, A. M. (2006). Leadership and character. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 27(8), 682-699.

Silverthorne, C. (2004). The impact of organizational culture and person-organization fit on organizational commitment and job satisfaction in Taiwan. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 25(7), 592-599.

Sökmen, A. (2006). Lider üye etkileşimi, iş tatmini ve örgütsel özdeşleşme ilişkisi: Ankara’daki otel işletmelerinde ampirik bir araştırma. Journal of Tourism and Gastronomy Studies, 8(3), 2132-2143.

Thompson, A. D. and Riggio R. E. (2010). Introduction to special issue on defining and measuring character in leadership. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 62(4), 211-215.

Thompson, E. R. and Phua F. T. T. (2012). A brief index of affective job satisfaction. Group & Organization Management, 37(3), 275-307.

Van Loon, N. M., Vandenabeele, W. and Leisink, P. (2017). Clarifying the relationship between public service motivation and in-role and extra-role behaviors: The relative contributions of person-job and person-organization fit. American Review of Public Administration, 47(6), 699–713.

Verquer, M. L., Beehr, T. A. and Wagner, S. H. (2003). A meta-analysis of relations between person-organization fit research and work attitudes. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 63, 473-489.

Wang, G. and Hackett, R. D. (2016). Conceptualization and measurement of virtuous leadership: Doing well by doing good. Journal of Business Ethics, 137(2), 321-345.

Wang, G. and Hackett, R. D. (2020). Virtues-centered moral identity: An identity-based explanation of the functioning of virtuous leadership. The Leadership Quarterly, 31, 1-12.

Weiss, D. J., Davis, R. V., England, G.W. and Lofquist, L. H. (1967) Manual for the Minnesota satisfaction questionnaire. Minneapolis: The University of Minnesota Press.

Wright, T. A and Bonett, D. G. (2007). Job satisfaction and psychological well-being as nonadditive predictors of workplace turnover. Journal of Management, 33(2), 141-160.

Yenihan, B. (2014). Örgütsel bağlılık ve iş tatmini arasındaki ilişki, Karabük Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 4(2), 170-178.

Yücekaya, P. ve Gümüş, Z. (2020). Örgütsel güvenin iş tatminine etkisinde örgütsel özdeşleşmenin aracı rolü: imalat sektöründe bir araştırma. International Journal of Tourism, Economic and Business Sciences, 4(2),44-54.

Yüksel, İ. (2005). İş-aile çatışmasının kariyer tatmini, iş tatmini ve iş davranışları ile ilişkisi. Atatürk Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi, 19(2), 301-314.

Kaynak Göster

APA Taşpınar, Y , Eryeşil, K . (2021). Erdemli Liderlik Algısının, Birey-Örgüt Uyumu ve İş Tatminine Etkisi . OPUS Uluslararası Toplum Araştırmaları Dergisi , Yönetim ve Organizasyon Özel Sayısı , 1223-1255 . DOI: 10.26466/opus.883016