Sanal gerçeklik bireylerin mevcut fiziksel gerçeklikten koparak farklı dünyalar deneyimleyebilmelerini sağlayan önemli bir teknolojidir. Katılımcıların sanal gerçeklik ortamlarındaki tamamen var olma durumu literatürde bulunma hissi ya da bulunuşluk olarak ifade edilmektedir. Bu çalışmada Türkçe literatürde yaşanan eksikliği giderebilmek amacıyla bireylerin sanal gerçeklik ortamlarında yaşadıkları bulunma hissi üzerine gerçekleştirilen araştırmaların sistematik ve kapsamlı bir analizi yapılmıştır. Çalışma bu yönüyle bir sistematik derleme araştırmasıdır. Altı farklı veri tabanında yapılan taramalar neticesinde elde edilen açık erişime sahip 1167 çalışma üç aşamalı bir eleme sürecine tabi tutulmuş ve doğrudan bulunma hissi ile ilgili olan 56 çalışmanın sonuçları; bilişsel – psikolojik incelemeler, teknik incelemeler, duyusal incelemeler ve teorik – analiz incelemeleri başlıklı dört tema altında derlenmiştir. Araştırmanın sonuç bölümünde bulunma hissi üzerine çıkarımlar yapılarak kavramın önemli noktaları vurgulanmış ve gelecek çalışmalar için önerilerde bulunulmuştur.
Virtual reality is an important technology that enables individuals to experience different worlds by detaching themselves from existing physical reality. The sense of presence in virtual reality environments is expressed as a feeling or presence in the literature. In this study, a systematic and comprehensive analysis of existing studies related with the sense of presence experienced by individuals in virtual reality environments was conducted to contribute Turkish literature. The study was carried out within the framework of a systematic literature review. The study search was conducted on six different databases and 1167 studies were obtained. A three-stage study selection process was carried to study identification. To end, 56 studies directly related to the feeling of presence were included in this review. The findings obtained in this systematic review were summarized in four concepts, including cognitive - psychological studies, technical studies, sensory studies and theoretical - analysis studies. In conclusion, the important points of the concept were emphasized by making inferences about the sense of presence in the study and suggestions were made for future studies.
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