Hipnoterapinin obezite hastalarındaki depresyon ve anksiyete düzeylerine etkisi

Amaç: Çalışmanın amacı, sağlıklı ve dengeli beslenmek amacıyla hipnoterapi seansına başvuran obezite hastalarında, uygulanan hipnoterapinin hastaların depresyon ve anksiyete düzeylerine olan etkisini değerlendirmektir. Yöntem: Çalışma grubu; Numune Hastanesi Psikiyatri polikliniğine başvuran, gönüllü olarak araştırmaya katılmayı kabul eden, Beden Kitle İndexleri 30 ve üstü olan, 10 haftalık seansı tamamlayan toplam 60 bireyden oluştu. Katılımcılara ilk önce; bilgi formu düzenlendi ve Beden Kitle İndexleri belirlendi. Her katılımcıya seansa başlamadan önce Beck Depresyon ve Beck Anksiyete Ölçeği uygulandı. Sonrasın da hafta da 1 seans olmak üzere 10 hafta boyunca hipnoterapi seansı uygulandı. On haftalık seans bitiminde tekrar Beden Kitle İndexleri belirlenip Beck Depresyon ve Beck Anksiyete Ölçeği uygulandı. Terapi başlangıcı ve bitimindeki Beden Kitle İndexlerinin, Beck Depresyon ve Beck Anksiyete Ölçeklerinin karşılaştırılması yapılarak hipnoterapinin etkinliği değerlendirildi. Bulgular: Beden Kitle İndexleri, Beck Depresyon Ölçeği ve Beck Anksiyete Ölçeği puanlarının hipnoterapi öncesi ve sonrası karşılaştırılmasında; anlamlı değişiklikler saptandı (p

The effect of hypnotherapy on depression and anxiety levels in obesity

Objective: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of hypnotherapy on depression and anxiety levels of obese patients who were admitted to hypnotherapy sessions for healthy and balanced diet. Method: The study sample consisted of 60 individuals who presented to the Psychiatry Polyclinic of Numune Hospital, who volunteered to participate in the study, whose Body Mass Index was 30 and above and who completed 10-week hypnotherapy session. Firstly, the participants’ body mass indexes were determined after their “personal information forms” were filled in. Before the hypnotherapy sessions were started, the Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory were administered to each participant. After that, hypnotherapy sessions were performed for 10 weeks, one session per week. At the end of a 10-week hypnotherapy session, the participants’ Body Mass Indexes were determined again, and the Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory were re-administered. Then the effectiveness of hypnotherapy was evaluated by comparing the pre- and post-therapy Body Mass Indexes, and the scores obtained from the Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory. Results: The comparison of the pre- and post-therapy Body Mass Indexes, and the scores obtained from the Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory demonstrated significant differences (p

Kaynakça

1. Kelly T, Yang W, Chen CS, Reynolds K, He J. Global burden of obesity in 2005 and projections to 2030. Int J Obes (Lond) 2008; 32:1431–1437.

2. Kessler RC, Berglund P, Demler O, Jin R, Koretz D, Merikangas KR, Rush AJ, Walters EE, Wang PS. The epidemiology of major depressive disorder: results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R). JAMA 2003; 289:3095–3105.

3. Ghoorah K, Campbell P, Kent A, Maznyczka A, Kunadian V. Obesity and cardiovascular outcomes: A review. Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care 2016; 5(1):77-85. doi: 10.1177/2048872614523349

4. Kabadi SM, Lee BK, Liu L. Joint effects of obesity and vitamin D insufficiency on insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes: Results from the NHANES 2001–2006. Diabetes Care 2012; 35:2048–2054.

5. Luppino FS, de Wit LM, Bouvy PF, Stijnen T, Cuijpers P, Penninx BW, Zitman FG. Overweight, obesity, and depression: A systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2010; 67:220–229. doi: 10.1001/archgenpsychiatry. 2010.2

6. Nigatu YT, Reijneveld SA, deJonge P, van Rossum E, Bültmann U. The combined effects of obesity, abdominal obesity and major depression / anxiety on health-related quality of life: The life lines cohort study. PLoSONE 2016; 11(2):e0148871. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0148871

7. Elkins GR, Barabasz AF, Council JR, Spiegel D. Advancing research and practice: The revised APA division 30 definition of hypnosis. Am J Clin Hypn 2015; 57:378–385.

8. Lynn SJ, Laurence J, Kirsch I. Hypnosis, suggestion, and suggestibility: An integrative model. Am J Clin Hypn 2015; 57:314- 329. Doi:10.1080/00029157.2014.976783

9. Sadock BJ, Sadock VA. Kaplan and Sadock’s Concise Textbook of Clinical Psychiatry. Philadelphia, USA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2008. pp. 463-464.

10. Yapko MD. Hypnosis in the treatment of depression: An overdue approach for encouraging skillful mood management. Int J Clin Exp Hypn 2010; 58:137-146.

11. Milling LS, Valentine KE, McCarley HS, LoStimolo L.M. A meta-analysis of hypnotic ınterventions for depression symptoms: High hopes for hypnosis? Am J Clin Hypn 2018; 61:227- 243. doi:10.1080/00029157.2018.1489777

12. Valentine KE, Milling LS, Clark LJ, Moriarty CL. The efficacy of hypnosis as a treatment for anxiety: A metaanalysis. Int J Clin Exp Hypn 2019, 67:336-363. doi:10.1080/00207144.2019.1613863

13. Mathur S, Khan W. Impact of hypnotherapy on examination anxiety and scholastic performance among school children. Delhi Psychiatry Journal 2011; 14:337-342.

14. Milling LS, Gover MC, Moriarty CL. The effectiveness of hypnosis as an intervention for obesity: A meta-analytic review. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice 2018; 5:29–45.

15. Alladin A. Evidence-based hypnotherapy for depression. Int J Clin Exp Hypn 2010; 58:165-185. doi: 10.1080/00207140903523194

16. Golden WL. Cognitive hypnotherapy for anxiety disorders. Am J Clin Hypn 2012; 54:4, 263-274. doi: 10.1080/00029157.2011.650333

17. Hartland J. Medical and dental hypnosis and its clinical applications (2nd ed.). London: Bailliere Tindall 1971.

18. Beck AT, Ward CH, Mendelson M, Mock J, Erbaugh J. An inventory for measuring depression. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1961; 4:561-571.

19. Hisli N. Beck depresyon envanteri’nin üniversite öğrencileri için geçerliği üzerine bir çalışma. Türk Psikoloji Dergisi 1988; 6:118-126.

20. Beck AT, Epstein N, Brown G, Steer RA. An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: Psychometric properties. J Consult Clin Psychol 1988; 56:893-897.

21. Ulusoy M, Şahin N, Erkmen H. Turkish version of the Beck Anxiety Inventory: Psychometric properties. J Cogn Psychother 1998; 12:28-35.

22. Kraft T, Kraft D. The place of hypnosis in psychiatry: Its applications in treating anxiety disorders and sleep disturbances. Australian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis 2006, 34:187-203.

23. Alladin A, Alibhai A. Cognitive hypnotherapy for depression: An empirical investigation, Int J Clin Exp Hypn 2007; 55:147-166. doi:10.1080/00207140601177897.

24. Shih M, Yang YH, Koo M. A meta-analysis of hypnosis in the treatment of depressive symptoms: A brief communication. Int J Clin Exp Hypn 2009; 57:431-442. doi: 10.1080/00207140903099039.

25. Dwivedi SK, Kotnala A. Impact of hypnotherapy in mitigating the symptoms of depression. Indian Journal of Positive Psychology 2014; 5:456-460.

26. Fisch S, Brinkhaus B, Teut M. Hypnosis in patients with perceived stress– a systematic review. BMC Complement Altern Med 2017; 17:323. doi: 10.1186/s12906-017-1806-0

27. Hammond DC. Hypnosis in the treatment of anxiety- and stress-related disorders. Expert Rev Neurother 2010; 10:263– 273.

28. Barlow D. Unraveling the mysteries of anxiety and its disorders from the perspective of emotion theory. Am Psychol 2000; 55:1245–1263.

29. Eitner S, Wichmann M, Schultze-Mosgau S, Schlegel A, Leher A, Heckmann J, Heckmann S, Holst S. Neurophysiologic and long-term effects of clinical hypnosis in oral and maxillofacial treatment—A comparative interdisciplinary clinical study. Int J Clin Exp Hypn 2006; 54:457-479.

30. Satsangi AK, Brugnoli MP. Anxiety and psychosomatic symptoms in palliative care: From neuro-psychobiological response to stress, to symptoms’ management with clinical hypnosis and meditative states. Ann Palliat Med 2018; 7:75-111.

31. Schoenberger NE, Kirsch I, Gearan P, Montgomery P, Pastyrnak SL. Hypnotic enhancement of a cognitive behavioral treatment for public speaking. Behavior Therapy 1997; 28:127– 140.

Kaynak Göster

  • ISSN: 1302-0099
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 4 Sayı
  • Başlangıç: 1998

6.8b 4.4b

Sayıdaki Diğer Makaleler

Glasgow antipsikotik yan etkilerini değerlendirme ölçeği’nin Türkçe versiyonunun geçerlilik ve güvenilirliği

Esma AKPINAR ASLAN, Sedat BATMAZ, Özgür Ahmet YÜNCÜ, Neslihan SEVİL, Burcu ERKEK

Ergen yaş grubunda aleksitimi ve sürekli kaygı düzeyi ilişkisinde düşünce eylem kaynaşmasının aracı rolünün incelenmesi

Mesut YAVUZ, Burak AKDENİZ, Armağan AKYOL, Hicran Çağla KURT, Cemile BİLGİS, Aslı ÇOLAK, Doğukan AKBAY, Beyza EKİZ, Muhammed Tayyib KADAK

Bipolar bozuklukta anksiyete duyarlılığı, algılanan stres ve dürtüsel davranışlar ilişkisi

Mehmet Emin DEMİRKOL, Lut TAMAM, Zeynep NAMLI, Kerim UĞUR, Mahmut Onur KARAYTUĞ

Clinical features, comorbid mental disorders and treatment outcomes in female patients with alcohol and drug use disorder admitted to an outpatient treatment unit: A retrospective study

Ebru ALDEMIR

Depresyon ile geleceğe yönelik öngörüler ve yürütsel işlevler değişkenleri arasindaki ilişkilerin incelenmesi

Hasan ERGÜLER, AYŞEGÜL DURAK BATIGÜN

Placebo-controlled pharmacological trials in child and adolescents with bipolar disorder manic episode (BPD-ME): Systematic review, meta-analysis and a meta-regression on placebo response

Remzi Ogulcan ÇIRAY, Pelin HANCER, Mustafa TUNCTURK, Neslihan INAL EMIROGLU

Major depresif bozukluk tanılı hastaların bireysel farklılıkları üzerine dokuz tip mizaç modeli odaklı bir inceleme

Mehmet Fatih ÜSTÜNDAĞ, Enver Demirel YILMAZ, Kerim UĞUR, Özge ÜNAL, Ahmet HERDEM, Orkun AYDIN, Ömer AYDEMİR

COVID-19 ve Toplum Ruh Sağlığı

Meram Can SAKA

Akademisyenlerin mobbing algıları ile iş doyumu ilişkisinde duygusal tükenmenin aracı rolü

Ayfer ÖZTÜRK

Psikiyatri polikliniğine başvuran hastaların şiddeti tanıma ve şiddetten etkilenme durumu

Elif Nurgül SUNGUR, Ezgi HANCI YENİGÜN, Nalan KALKAN OĞUZHANOĞLU, Bengü YÜCENS