Boşanmış ve Evli Ailelerden Gelen Çocukların Algıladıkları Ebeveyn Kabul-Red Düzeyleri ile Psikolojik Uyum Düzeylerinin Karşılaştırılması

Amaç: Bu ara?tyrmanyn temel amacy, bo?anmy? ve evliailelerden gelen ilkö?retim ça?y çocuklaryny algyladyklaryebeveyn kabul-reddi ile psikolojik uyum düzeyleri açysyndan kar?yla?tyrylmasydyr. Yöntem: Ara?tyrmanyn örneklemi, Yzmir ilini temsil edecek ?ekilde devlet ilkö?retimokullarynda ö?renim gören çocuklar arasyndan seçilmi?tir.Örneklem, anne-babasy bo?anmy? 124 çocuk ve annebabasy evli olan 138 çocuk olmak üzere toplam 262 ki?iden olu?maktadyr. Verilerin toplanmasy için Bireysel BilgiFormu, Ebeveyn Kabul-Red Ölçe?i (EKRÖ) ve Ki?ilikDe?erlendirme Ölçe?i (KYDÖ) kullanylmy?tyr. Bulgular:Elde edilen bulgulara göre, evli ailelerde çocuklarynannelerinden algyladyklary kabul-red ile babalaryndanalgyladyklary kabul-red arasyndaki ili?kinin oldukça yüksekoldu?u bulunurken (r=.69); bo?anmy? ailelerdeki çocuklaryn anne ve baba kabul-reddi arasynda benzer yönde birili?ki bulunamamy?tyr (r=.01). Bunun yany syra, çocuklarynanne ve baba kabul-reddi algylary ile genel psikolojikuyumlary arasyndaki ili?ki incelendi?inde, evli ailelerdeçocuklaryn genel psikolojik uyum puanlary hem anne hemde baba kabul-reddi puanlary ile oldukça yüksek düzeydeili?kili bulunurken (r=.63 ve r=.65); bo?anmy? ailelerde,anne kabul-red (r=.55) puanlarynyn, baba kabul-red(r=.31) puanlaryna göre psikolojik uyum ile daha fazlaili?kili oldu?u bulunmu?tur. Sonuç: Ara?tyrmanyn sonucunda, evli ailelerde babalaryn çocu?un psikolojik uyumuüzerinde en az anneler kadar etkili oldu?u; ancak bo?anmy? ailelerde, babalaryn çocuklary üzerindeki etkisinin evliailelere göre oldukça azaldy?y ve çocu?un ya?amyndaannenin rolünün daha fazla oldu?u görülmektedir.Literatürde de bu yönde benzer bulgular vardyr.

The Comparison of Parental Acceptance-Rejection and Psychological Adjustment of Children in Divorced and Married Families

Objectives: The aim of this study is to compare theparental acceptance-rejection and psychological adjustment of elementary school children which in divorcedand married families. Method: The sample of the studyconsisted of 138 children from married families and 124children from divorced families, adding up to a total of262 respondents of those were sampled from an elementary school in City of Izmir. Parental AcceptanceRejection Questionnaire (PARQ), Personality AssessmentQuestionnaire PAQ), and individual data questionnairewere administered to both of the groups of children.Results: Result of this study showed a high correlationbetween Mother PART and Father PART in married families' children group (r=.69); but there was no such correlation in divorced families' children group (r=.01).According to the findings of the study, in married families, there is a high correlation between psychologicaladjustment of chidren and Parental acceptance-rejection, both Mother PART (r=.63) and Father PART (r=.65).But in divorced families, there is a higher correlationbetween psychological adjustment of children andMother PART (r=.55) then Father PART (r=.31).Conclusion: According to the findings of the study, inmarried families fathers are as important as mothers forthe children's psychological adjustment; whereas indivorced families the effects of fathers on childrenbecome less and mothers have a greater impact on theirchildren's psychological well being. These findings areinterpreted as the negative effect of divorce on fatherchild relationship. The results of our study are consistentwith the literature.

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