Matematik Öğretmenlerinin Öğretimsel Kararlarındaki Etik Değerlendirmeler: Çoklu Durum Çalışması

Bu çalışmada matematik öğretmenlerinin öğretimsel kararlarındaki etik değerlendirmelerin belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Araştırma çoklu durum çalışması olarak desenlenmiştir. Araştırmanın çalışma grubu üç ortaokul matematik öğretmenidir. Çalışmanın verileri katılımcılarla bir seri halinde ardışık olarak yapılan yarı yapılandırılmış görüşmelerle toplanmıştır. Öğretmen kararlarına ilişkin veri toplama sürecinde yapılan görüşmeler tanıma, plan, uygulama ve ölçme-değerlendirme olmak üzere dört başlık altında yürütülmüştür. Öğretmen kararları, “etik değerlendirme içeren kararlar” ve “etik değerlendirme dışında konuya yaklaşma" başlıkları altında betimsel analize tabi tutulmuştur. Öğretmenin hak, değer ve yükümlülüklerle ilgili sorular veya sorgulamalarına dayalı olarak aldığı kararlar etik değerlendirme içeren durumlar olarak sınıflandırılmıştır. Yapılan analizler sonucunda, matematik öğretim sürecinde planlama, uygulama ve ölçme-değerlendirme kapsamında birçok önemli kararın öğretmenler tarafından yapılan etik değerlendirmelere dayalı olarak alındığı belirlenmiştir. Ayrıca etik değerlendirmelerin öğretmen seçimlerinde köklü ve yaygın bir etki alanına sahip olduğu görülmüştür. Bu bulgulara dayalı olarak etik değerlendirmelerin uygulamaya ilişkin kararları şekillendirmedeki önemi üzerinde durulmuş ve öğretime ilişkin uygulamaları anlama ve anlamlandırma çabalarında göz ardı edilmemesi gereken bir bileşen olduğu ifade edilmiştir.

Mathematics Teachers’ Ethical Evaluations in Instructional Decisions: A Multiple Case Study

This study aims to determine mathematics teachers’ ethical evaluations in instructional decisions. The research was designed as multiple case study. The participants were three elementary mathematics teachers. The data were collected through a series of semi-structured interviews with teachers. Data collection process was structured under fourtopics: background of teacher, planning, implementation and assessment-evaluation. Teacher decisions were subjected to a descriptive analysis with two main classifications: evaluations with and without ethical considerations. Teacher decisions based on questions and queries regarding rights, values and obligations were classified as situations involving ethical evaluations. The findings suggest that teachers take many important decisions on the basis of evaluations with ethical considerations within the scope of planning, implementation and assessment-evaluation. Further to this, it was observed that ethical evaluations had a longstanding and widespread impact on teachers’ instructional choices. It is argued that evaluations with ethical considerations are so important to shape implementational decisions that cannot be ignored while attempting to understand teachers’ instructional practices.

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