THE ANALYSIS OF CIVIL AVIATION ACCIDENTS AND INCIDENTS WITH CREW RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (CRM) SINCE THE BEGINNING YEAR OF 1979

Crew Resource Management (CRM) is one of the key global aviation endeavors to reduce the number of accidents aiming a safe and efficient worldwide air transportation. Knowing that aviation authorities as well as ICAO have shown numerous efforts in this respect since the 1970s. It is essential to comprehend if those aviators’ attempts have been adequate or not. This paper questions the effectiveness of worldwide CRM efforts by making an unbiased comparison between the accident rates within predefined time periods of CRM and naming them as phases of its evolution and the efforts shown for development. The study is aimed to define the CRM concept by dividing into five stages and making the analysis of the accident and incident rates according to these stages. The results of this study indicate that continuous CRM development has improved worldwide air transport safety throughout the years. The main focus should be on better equipped and trained pilots by enhancing their linguistic performance in operational procedures.

1979 YILI BAŞLANGIÇ DÖNEMİNDEN İTİBAREN EKİP KAYNAK YÖNETİMİ (CRM) İLE SİVİL HAVACILIK KAZA VE OLAYLARININ ANALİZİ

Ekip Kaynak Yönetimi (EKY), dünya çapında emniyetli ve verimli bir hava taşımacılığını hedefleyen kaza sayısını azaltmaya yönelik kilit küresel havacılık çabalarından biridir. Havacılık otoritelerinin ve ICAO'nun bu konuda 1970'lerden beri sayısız çaba gösterdiğini bilerek. Bu havacıların girişimlerinin yeterli olup olmadığını anlamak önemlidir. Bu makale, CRM'nin önceden tanımlanmış zaman periyotları içindeki kaza oranları arasında tarafsız bir karşılaştırma yaparak ve bunları evrim aşamaları ve geliştirme için gösterilen çabalar olarak adlandırarak dünya çapındaki CRM çabalarını etkinliğini sorgulamaktadır. Çalışma, CRM kavramını beş aşamaya ayırarak ve bu aşamalara göre kaza ve olay oranlarının analizini yaparak tanımlamayı amaçlamaktadır. Bu çalışmanın sonuçları, sürekli CRM gelişiminin yıllar boyunca dünya çapında hava taşımacılığı emniyetini arttırdığını göstermektedir. Bu nedenle çalışmanın temel odak noktası daha iyi donanıma sahip ve eğitimli pilotlar yetiştirerek, operasyonel prosedürlerle birlikte dil performansının geliştirilmesi şeklinde ortaya çıkmaktadır.

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