VOLGOGRAD SALDIRILARI, SOÇİ OLİMPİYATLARI VE KAFKASYA

Sovyetler Birliği'nin dağılmasından itibaren Rusya Federasyonu, Kafkasya'da artan etnik milliyetçilik ve bağımsızlık talepleriyle karşı karşıya kalmış, bu talepler sonucunda Çeçenistan'da iki geniş çaplı savaş yaşanmıştır. II. Çeçenistan Savaşı'nın ardından bölgede kısa süreli de olsa hâkimiyeti sağlamış görünen Rusya, dini radikalizmin öncelikle Dağıstan'a, ardından Kabardey-Balkar Cumhuriyeti'ne sıçramasıyla içişlerindeki tüm siyasi ve askeri dikkatini yeniden Kafkasya'ya çevirmiştir. Bölgede terör saldırıları çoğunlukla düşük yoğunluklu da olsa süreklilik arz etmektedir ve radikal gruplar zaman zaman da sansasyonel eylemlerle küresel çapta da isimlerinden söz ettirerek bölge güvenliğini tehdit etmektedir. Rusya Federasyonu'nun bölgedeki ortauzun vadeli politikaları için de önemli bir yer tutan Soçi Olimpiyatları'nın hemen öncesinde Volgograd'da meydana gelen patlamalar, Rusya'nın Kafkasya'daki istikrarı sağlamasının ne kadar zor bir süreç olduğunu tekrar göstermiştir.

The Volgograd Attacks, Sochi Olympics and the Caucasus

rising ethnic nationalism and demands of independence in the Caucasus, and two bloody wars in Chechnya took place as a result of these demands. Russia, which seemed to have established control in the region after the Second Chechen War briefly, diverted its political and military attention once again to the Caucasus as religious radicalism spread to first Dagestan and then to Kabardino-Balkaria Republic. Though terrorist attacks are generally in low intensity, they are persistent and radical groups threaten the regional security and become globally known by occasional attacks. Volgograd attacks that took place just before the Sochi Olympics, which has a very important role for Russian Federation's mid-long term policies in the region, once again showed how difficult it is for Russia to establish stability in the region.

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