Study on Field Evolution of Citrus Mealybug (Planococcus citri Risso) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) Management in Finike County of Antalya, Turkey

This study was conducted to evaluate efficiency of biological and chemical control methods against citrus mealybug, Planococcus citri Risso (Hemiptera:Pseudococcidae), caused important economic losses in the east Mediterranean region of Turkey. It was investigated at 23 different citrus orchards in Finike county of Antalya in 2011. Chloropyrifos-ethyl, spirotetramat, summer oil and biological control agents (Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Mulsant (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and Leptomastix dactylopii How. (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) were applied under grower conditions against mealybug. Percent infestation rate of mealybug was determined on random samples of 5 fruits per tree, examining presence or absence of mealybug, i.e. totally 150 fruits per orchard. Biological control agents were sampled by a strike technique. The mealybug density differences among the applied methods were analyzed to compare the average mealybug infestation rate in insecticide and biological control applied orchards, and it was different insignificantly. While the lowest infestation rate was at summer oil (% 5.91); spirotetramat (% 6.88), chloropyriphos-ethyl (%7.69) and biological control (% 8.66) followed it. The highest average number of natural enemies for each treatment was determined as 20.57 individuals, of Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae), C. montrouzieri, and Scymnus spp. in orchards biological control application used, followed by summer oil sprayed orchards as 4.25 individuals, of C. carnea and Scymnus spp., and spirotetramat sprayed orchards as 2.67 individuals per orchard, of C. carnea and Scymnus spp. It is determined that summer oil and spirotetramat are compatible with natural enemies. However, chorpyrifos-ethyl was incompatible, due to side effects on natural enemies. Because of possibility of phytoxicity effect of summer oil in hot weather condition; spirotetramat has a chance in IPM application for managing citrus mealybug.

Kaynakça

Öztop, A., Koçlu, T., Elekçioğlu, N., Karacaoğlu, M., Tekşam, İ., Ölçülü, M., Karataş, A., Canıhoş, E., Aksoy, E., Bülbül, F. et al., 2011, Turunçgil Bahçelerinde Entegre Mücadele Teknik Talimatı. Ministry

of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, General Directorate of Agricultural Research, Ankara, Turkey, 171.

Carman, G., 1989, Chemical control of insect and mites, In: Reuther, W; Calavan, C. E. and Carman, G (eds), The citrus industry, Universty of California Press, California. 5: 324.

Erkilic¸ L., Demirbas, H., 2000, Turunçgil zararlıları ve Biyolojik Mücadele. Adana Plant Protection Research Institute, Adana, Turkey, 30.

Erkilic¸ L., Demirbas, H., 2007, Biological control of citrus insect pests in Turkey. CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, 2(056): 1-6.

Horsburg, R. L., Asquith, D., 1968, Initial survey of arthropod predators of the European Red Mite in South Central Pennsylvania. Journal of Economic. Entomology, 6: 1752-1754.

Jeppson, L. R., 1989, Biology of Citrus Insects, Mites and Mollusks, In: Reuther, W., Calavan, C. E., Carman, G. (Eds), The citrus industry, University of California Press, California, 5: 324.

Karacaoglu, M., Yarpuzlu, F., 2013, Turunçgillerde Biyolojik Mücadele. In: Birişik, N. (Eds.) Teoriden Pratiğe Biyolojik Mücadele. Ministry of Food Agriculture and Livestock, General Directorate of Food and Control, Ankara, Turkey, 7(3): 77-119.

Kerns, D., Wright, G. C., Loghry, J., 2002, Citrus Arthropod Pest Management. Arizona Department of Agriculture, Phoenix, AZ. 29 pp.

McKenzie, H. L., 1967, Mealybugs of California with taxonomy, biology, and control of North American species (Homoptera: Cooccoidea: Pseudococcidae). University of California Press, Berkeley. 526 pp.

Steiner, H., 1962, Methoden zur Untersuchung der Population Dynamik in Obstanlagen. Entomophaga, 7: 207-214.

Uygun, N., Ulusoy, R., Karaca, İ., Satar, S., 2010, Meyve ve Bağ Zararlıları. Özyurt Matbaacılık, Adana, 347.

Yiğit, A., Canhilal, R., 1998, Turunçgil Unlubiti Planococcus citri (Risso) (Hom., Pseudococcidae) predatörü, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Muls. (Col., Coccinellidae)'nin soğuğa dayanıklı ırkının temini, bazı biyolojik özellikleri ve Doğu Akdeniz Bölgesi'ne uyum durumu üzerinde araştırmalar. Bitki Koruma Bülteni, 38: 23-41.

Kaynak Göster

448 94

Arşiv
Sayıdaki Diğer Makaleler

Aphid-parasitoid Associations on the Impatiens Plants in Central Europe (Hemiptera, Aphididae; Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Aphidiinae)

Petr STARY, Ehsan RAKHSHANI, Zeljko TOMANOVIC, Nickolas G. KAVALLIERATOS, Andjeljko PETROVIC, Vladimir ZIKIC, Jan HAVELKA

Light-Trap Catch of Caddishflies (Trichoptera) in the Carpathian Basin and Anatolia in the Four Quarert of the Moon

Laszlo NOWINSZKY, Ottó KISS, János PUSKÁS

Contribution to the Knowledge of the Ormyridae (Hymenoptera:Chalcidoidea) from Sivas, Turkey, with Two New Records

LÜTFİYE GENÇER

New Combination for a Little Known Indian Ant, Paraparatrechina aseta (Forel, 1902) comb. n. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

Himender BHARTI, Aijaz Ahmad WACHKOO

Survey of Natural Enemies of Mealybug Species (Hemiptera, Pseudococcidae) in Kermanshah Province, Western Iran to Inform Biological Control Research

Khatereh JALILVAND, Masomeh SHIRAZI, Majid FALLAHZADEH, Hassan Ali VAHEDI, Mohammad Amin SAMIH, Naser MOEINI NAGHADEH

Review of the the Genus Chrysoclista Stainton, 1854 (Lepidoptera: Agonoxenidae) in Turkey with a New Species

Selma SEVEN ÇALIŞKAN

Ultrastructure, Solubilization and Protein Composition of Eggshell (Chorion) of Gesonula punctifrons (Stal, 1861) (Orthoptera: Acrididae)

Arpita SHYAM ROY, Durgadas GHOSH

Tetrastichinae (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) Associated with Plant Galls in Kerman Province, with Ten New Records from Iran

Asma MOEINADINI, Seyed Massoud MADJDZADEH, Ekaterina YEGORENKOVA

Diversity and Community Structure of Opiinae (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) in Mediterranean Landscapes of Spain

Ricardo JIMÉNEZ-PEYDRÓ, Francisco Javier PERIS-FELIPO

Molecular Cloning and Characterization of a Venom Phospholipase A2 from Apis mellifera spp

Chunsheng HOU, Liqiong GUO, Linfeng YOU, Jianrong WANG, Junfang LIN, Wuhua WU, Chengshun WU, Teng WANG