Beytülmakdis'in Salahaddin Eyyubi İle Aslan Yürekli Kral I. Richard Arasındaki Müzakerelerindeki Yeri

Beytülmakdis'in Salahaddin Eyyubi İle Aslan Yürekli Kral I. Richard Arasındaki Müzakerelerindeki Yeri Maher Abu-Munshar. , Dil: İngilizce

The Position of Islamicjerusalem in the Negotiations between Sultan Salah al-Din and King Richard I “the Lion-Heart”

The Position of Islamicjerusalem in the Negotiations between Sultan Salah al-Din and King Richard I “the Lion-Heart” by: Maher Abu-Munshar. , Language: English

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El-Awaisi, Abd al-Fattah Islamicjerusalem: A New Concept and Definations, the 7 the International academic Conference on Islamicjerusalem Studies, (Islamicjerusalem: Definations and Approaches), held at Al-Maktoum Institute for Arabic and Islamic Studies, 6 June 2005, pp. 1 -9.

El-Awaisi, Abd al-Fattah, Introducing Islamicjerusalem, Unpublished book, chapter title "Islamicjerusalem as a model for Conflict resolution".

Ibn Shaddad, Baha' al-Din, Al-Nawadir al-Sultaniyya wa 'al-Ma/:zii.sin al-Yiisufiyya. Dar al-Manar, (Cairo 142 1 AH/ 2000 CE), 1 st Edition, p.53, (Hereinafter cited as: Ibn Shaddad, Al-Nawiidir),

Ibn Shaddad, Baha' al-Din, The Rare and Excellent History Of Saladin or Al-Nawadir al-Sultaniyya wa'l Mal).asin al-Yusufiyya, Translated by Richards. D.S, Ashgate (Hants-U.K 2001), p. 77. (Hereinafter cited as: Ibn Shaddad, The Rare and Excellent),

'Imad al-Din al-A????fahanI, Abii 'Abd Allah Mul).ammad, Kitab al-FatlJ, al-Qussrft al-FatlJ, al-Qudsf, p. 1 92, n.p, n.d, (Hereinafter cited as: 'Imad al-Din al-A????fahanI, Kitab al-FatlJ, al-Qussi); Abii Sha.ma, 'Abd al-Ralμnan Ibn Isma 'il, Kitii.b al-Raw<iatayn ft Akhbar al-Dawlatayn alNuriya wal al-Salahiya. Edited and commented on by al-Zatbaq. A. Mu'asaset al-Risalah. (Beirut 141 8 A.H / 1997 CE), 1 ST Edition, Vol.4, pp. 129-1 30, (Hereinafter cited as: Abii Shama, Kitab al-Raw<Jatayn), Ibn al-' Adim, Kamal al-Din AbI al-Qasem, Zubdat al- lf alab min Tiirfkh Halab, Annotated by al-Mansfu K. Dar al-Kutub al- 'Ilmiya, (Beirut 1 4 1 7 AH 1 996 CE), 1 ST Edition, p.42 1 , (Hereinafter cited as: Ibn al-' Adim, Zubdat al-lfa lab ), Al-ij:anbalI, Mujir al-Din, al-Uns AlJalrl bi Tarrkh al-Quds wa al-Khalrl, Edited and Edited by Abii Tabana A. Maktabat Dandis (Hebron-Palestine 1 420 A.H 11999 CE), 1 ST Edition., Vol. 1 , pp. 5 1 0-5 1 1 . (Hereinafter cited as: Al-ij:anbalI, al-Uns Al-Jalrl).

Stubbs, Willaim. Itinerarum Peregrinorum et gesta Regis Ricardi, Translated into Arabic under the name al- lf arb al- Salrbrya al-Thalitha (Salii/:z al-Dfn and Richard), By ij:abashi, ij:asan, al-Hay' a al-Mi????ria al' Ama lil Kitab. (Egypt 2000 CE). Vol. 1 , pp. 57-63 . (Hereinafter cited as: Stubbs, Itinerarum Peregrinorum)

Tun Shaddad, al-Nawiidir, op. cit.

Hallam, Elizabeth, Chronicles of the crusades: eye witness accounts of the wars between Christianity and Islam, Guild Publishing. (London 1 989 CE), p. 1 5 3 .

Lane-Poole, Stanley, Saladin and the fall of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, Darf publishers limited, (London, 1 985 CE), p. 306 (Hereinafter cited as: Lane-Poole, Saladin).

Geofffrey de Vinsauf Itinerary of Richard I and others to the Holy Land, 'Translated as 'conjoint labour of a classical scholar and a gentlemen well read in medieval history' Henry G. Bohm, (London 1948 CE)

Abfi Shama, Kitab al-Raw4atayn, op. cit., Vol. 4, p. 3 10. See also Ibn Wasil, Mufarij al-Kurab, op. cit., Vol.2,

Al-QalqashandI, Al}.mad Ibn 'AlI, Sub}J al-A 'shii ft Sina 'at al-Insha, Edited by Shams al-Din M, Manshfirat Mul).ammad 'AlI Bayqful. Dar al.;Kutub al-'Ilmiya, (Beirut), n.d, l sr Edition, Vol. 4, pp. 1 83 - 1 84, lbn K:athir, Abii al-Fida' Isma'Il, Al-Bidaya wa al-Nihaya, Dar al-Fikr (Beirut 1398 AH/ 1 978 CE), Vol. 12, p.350 (Hereinafter cited as: lbn Kathir, al-Bidaya). Ibn Wa&il, Mufarij al-Kunlb, op. cit., Vol. 2,

Abii al-Fida', Al-Mukhta????r, op. cit., Vol. 2, p. 1 69, See also Al-MaqrizI, Abii al- 'Abass Af:unad Ibn 'AlI, Kitilb al-Mawil 'i? bi Dhikr al-Khitat wa al-Athiir, Annotated by al-Mansfir K. Manshfirat Mul}.ammad 'AlI Bayqful, Dar al-Kutub al-'llmiya, (Beirut. 14 1 8 AH/1998 CE), l sr Edition, Vol. 3, p.409, (Hereinafter cited as: Al-MaqrizI, Kitiib alMawa 'i4).

Abu Shama, Kitab al-Raw<f.atayn, op. cit., Vol. 4, pp. 330-33 1 . See also lbn Wa&il, Mufarij al-Kurab, op. cit., Vol. 2,

Lane-Poole, Saladin, op. cit., p. 367.

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APA Abu-munshar., M . (2005). The Position of Islamicjerusalem in the Negotiations between Sultan Salah al-Din and King Richard I “the Lion-Heart” . Journal of Islamicjerusalem Studies , 6 (1) , 83-108 .