Patolojik Miyopi ile İlişkili Retina Dekolmanları

Yüksek miyopi veya patolojik miyopi -6.0 D üzerinde kırma kusuru veya aksiyal uzunluğun 25.5 mm’ nin üzerinde olduğu globun uzaması ile karakterizedir. Patolojik miyopideki aşırı aksiyel uzama, mekanik gerginlik ile koroid ve retina pigment epiteli tabakalarında incelmeye neden olarak çeşitli dejeneratif değişikliklere yol açmaktadır. Patolojik miyopi hastalarında periferal retina dejenerasyonu, retina yırtıkları ve retina dekolmanı gibi komplikasyon risklerinin arttığı bilinmektedir. Bu makalede bu olası komplikasyonlar irdelenecek olup bununla ilişkili görüşler tartışılacaktır.

Retinal Detachments Related to Pathological Myopia

High myopia or pathological myopia is associated with globe elongation and a refractive error of at least -6 diopters or axial length of greater than 25.5 mm. Excessive axial elongation of the globe in pathological myopia can cause mechanical stretching and thinning of the choroid and retinal pigment epithelium layers, resulting in various retinal degenerative changes. It is well known that individuals with pathological myopia have increased risks of retinal complications such as peripheral retinal degenerations, retinal tears, and retinal detachment. This article will review these complications and discuss the current concepts relating to these complications.

Kaynakça

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