Anksiyete Tedavisinde Aromaterapi Uygulamaları: Bir Gözden Geçirme

Aromaterapi en yaygın tamamlayıcı ve alternatif tıp tedavilerinden biridir. Son yıllarda ruh sağlığı semptomalarını hafifletmek için yaygın olarak kullanılmaktadır. Anksiyete; bilişsel, somatik, duygusal ve davranışsal bileşenler ile karakterize psikolojik durumdur. Anksiyete, genel populasyonda prevelansı en yüksek psikolojik rahatsızlıklardan biridir. Anksiyete semptomlarını rahatlatmak amacıyla alternatif ve tamamlayıcı yöntemler araştırılmaktadır. Anksiyete semptomlarını rahatlatmak amacıyla kullanılan yöntemlerden bir tanesi de aromaterapidir. Bu makalenin amacı; anksiyete bozukluklarının tedavisinde aromaterapi uygulamalarının etkisinin literatür çalışmalarından elde edilen verilerin toplanarak derlenmesi ve bu verilerin ilişkilendirilmesidir. Bu bağlamda, Science Direct, Pubmed ve Google Scholar veri tabanları ve uluslararası dergilerden faydalanılarak yaklaşık 20 makale incelenmiş ve anksiyete bozukluklarının tedavisinde aromaterapi uygulamalarının etkisi üzerine yazılan yayınlar derlenmiştir. Yapılan çalışmaların birçoğunun sonucu olarak, aramoterapinin anksiyete üzerindeki olumlu etkisinden söz edilmiştir.
Anahtar Kelimeler:

Anksiyete, Aromaterapi, Fitoterapi

Aromatherapy Applications in the Treatment of Anxiety Disorders: A Review

Aromatherapy is one of the most common complementary and alternative medicine treatments. It has been widely used in recent years to relieve mental health symptoms. Anxiety is a psychological condition characterized by cognitive, somatic, emotional, and behavioral components. Anxiety is one of the psychological disorders with the highest prevalence in the general population. Alternative and complementary methods are being researched to relieve anxiety symptoms. One of the methods used to relieve anxiety symptoms is aromatherapy. The article aims to collect and compile the data obtained from the literature studies on the treatment of anxiety disorders and the effects of aromatherapy applications. In this context, about 20 articles have been examined; using Science Direct, Pubmed and Google Scholar databases. International journals and publications on the effects of aromatherapy applications on anxiety have been compiled. As a result of many of the studies, it has been mentioned that the positive effect of aromatherapy on anxiety.

___

  • Ebrahimi H, Mardani A, Basirinezhad MH, Hamidzadeh A, Eskandari F. Th e eff ects of Lavender and Chamomile essential oil inhalation aromatherapy on depression, anxiety and stress in older community-dwelling people: A randomized controlled trial. Explore. 2021; 00: 1-7.
  • Lee YL, Wu Y, Tsang HW, Leung AY, Cheung WM. A Systematic Review On Th e Anxiolytic Eff ects Of Aromatherapy İn People With Anxiety Symptoms. Th e Journal Of Alternative And Complementary Medicine. 2011; 17(2): 101-108.
  • Goes TC, Antunes FD, Alves PB, Teixeira-Silva F. Eff ect Of Sweet Orange Aroma On Experimental Anxiety İn Humans. Th e Journal Of Alternative And Complementary Medicine. 2012; 18(8): 798-804.
  • Klein B, Meyer D, Austin DW, Kyrios M. Anxiety Online- A Virtual Clinic: Preliminary Outcomes Following Completion Of Five Fully Automated Treatment Programs For Anxiety Disorders And Symptoms. Journal Of Medical Internet Research. 2011; 13(4), e89.
  • Setzer WN. Essential Oils And Anxiolytic Aromatherapy. Natural Product Communications. 2009; 4(9): 1305-1316.
  • Huang H, Wang Q, Guan X, et al. Eff ect of aromatherapy on preoperative anxiety in adult patients: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Complementary therapies in clinical practice. 2021; 42: 101302.
  • Pasupuleti SC, Hassan A. Evaluation of Eff ectiveness of Aromatherapy in Managing Anxious Paediatric Dental Patient: An In-Vivo study. 2022; 4(4): 1-8.
  • Öz M. Duygu Durum Bozukluklarının Tedavisinde Aromaterapi Uygulamaları. Geleneksel ve Tamamlayıcı Anadolu Tıbbı Dergisi. (2020; 2(3): 42-50.
  • Kavurmacı M, Küçükoğlu S, Tan M. Eff ectiveness Of Aromatherapy İn Reducing Test Anxiety Among Nursing Students. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge. 2015; 1(1): 52-56.
  • Kutlu AK, Yılmaz E, Çeçen D. Eff ects Of Aroma İnhalation On Examination Anxiety. Teaching And Learning İn Nursing. 2008; 3(4): 125-130.
  • Johnson CE. Eff ect Of Aromatherapy On Cognitive Test Anxiety Among Nursing Students. Alternative And Complementary Th erapies. 2014; 20(2): 84-87.
  • Donaldson J, Ingrao C, Drake D, Ocampo E. Th e Eff ect Of Aromatherapy On Anxiety Experienced By Hospital Nurses. Medsurg Nursing. 2017; 26(3): 201.
  • Davis C, Cooke M, Holzhauser K, Jones M, Finucane J. Th e Eff ect Of Aromatherapy Massage With Music On Th e Stress And Anxiety Levels Of Emergency Nurses. Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal. 2005; 8(1-2): 43-50.
  • Cooke M, Holzhauser K, Jones M, Davis, C, Finucane, J. Th e Eff ect Of Aromatherapy Massage With Music On Th e Stress And Anxiety Levels Of Emergency Nurses: Comparison Between Summer And Winter. Journal Of Clinical Nursing. 2007; 16(9): 1695-1703.
  • Redstone L. Mindfulness Meditation And Aromatherapy To Reduce Stress And Anxiety. Archives Of Psychiatric Nursing. 2015; 29(3), 192-193.
  • Taavoni S, Darsareh F, Joolaee S, Haghani H. Th e Eff ect Of Aromatherapy Massage On Th e Psychological Symptoms Of Postmenopausal Iranian Women. Complementary Th erapies İn Medicine. 2013; 21(3): 158-163.
  • Rho KH, Han SH, Kim KS, Lee MS. Eff ects Of Aromatherapy Massage On Anxiety And Self-Esteem İn Korean Elderly Women: A Pilot Study. International Journal Of Neuroscience. 2006; 116(12): 1447-1455.
  • Zabirunnisa M, Gadagi JS, Gadde P, et al. Dental Patient Anxiety: Possible Deal With Lavender Fragrance. Journal Of Research İn Pharmacy Practice. 2014; 3(3): 100.
  • Kim YJ, Lee MS, Yang YS, Hur MH. Self-Aromatherapy Massage Of Th e Abdomen For Th e Reduction Of Menstrual Pain And Anxiety During Menstruation İn Nurses: A Placebo- Controlled Clinical Trial. European Journal Of İntegrative Medicine. 2011; 3(3): e165-e168.
  • Karadag E, Samancioglu S, Ozden D, Bakir E. Eff ects Of Aromatherapy On Sleep Quality And Anxiety Of Patients. Nursing İn Critical Care. 2017; 22(2): 105-112.