Genç Futbolcuların Duygusal Zekâ ve Zihinsel Dayanıklılık Düzeylerinin Oynadığı Mevki ve Spor Yaşı Değişkenleri Açısından Karşılaştırılması

Bu araştırmanın amacı genç futbol oyuncularının zihinsel dayanıklılık (ZD) ve duygusal zekâ (DZ) düzeylerinin mevki (oyun pozisyonu) ve spor yaşına (az deneyimli-orta deneyimli-deneyimli) bağlı deneyim değişkenleri açısından karşılaştırmaktır. Katılımcılar Türkiye’nin çeşitli kulüplerinde aktif olarak futbol oynayan 17-20 yaş aralığında (x̅=17,75) ve 1-14 spor yaşı aralığında (x̅=7,22) toplam 458 erkek oyuncudan oluşmaktadır. Araştırmanın verileri demografik bilgi formu, Sporda Zihinsel Dayanıklılık Envanteri (SZDE) ile Duygusal Zekâ Özellik Ölçeği (DZÖÖ) uygulanarak elde edilmiştir. Araştırmada elde edilen veriler normallik ve homojenlik varsayımları karşılandığı incelendikten sonra tek yönlü varyans analizi aracılığıyla incelenmiştir. Bulgular, ZD açısından spor yaşı ve sporcu pozisyonu açısından anlamlı farklılık bulunamamışken, DZ açısından spor yaşı değişkeninin iyi olma ve duygusallık boyutları ile sporcu pozisyonu açısından yalnızca sosyallik boyutunda anlamlı bir fark olduğunu göstermiştir. Sonuç olarak spor yaşı arttıkça duygu durum değişkenlerinden iyi olma ve duygusallık pozitif değişim göstermektedir. Ayrıca iletişim becerilerinin sahada da yüksek olması beklenen, orta saha pozisyonundaki oyuncuların diğer pozisyonlara göre daha yüksek sosyal beceriye sahip oldukları araştırmada ortaya çıkan diğer bir sonuçtur.

Comparison of Emotional Intelligence and Mental Toughness of Youth Soccer Players in Terms of Position and Soccer Experience Variables

The aim of this research was the comparison of mental toughness (MT) and emotional intelligence (EI) of youth soccer players based on their soccer experience and player positions. Participants of the study composed of totally 458 youth male soccer players who are between 17-20 years old (x̅=17,75) and 1-14 (x̅=7,22) years of soccer experiences. Data obtained by using demographic questionnaire, Sport Mental Toughness Questionnaire (MTIS), and Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (TEIQ). According to homogeneity and normality test results, The One-way ANOVA was used for the analysis of data. The findings demonstrated that there is no significant difference between sports age and position variables in terms of MT. In addition, results indicated that soccer experience make differences on well-being and emotionality subscales of TEIQ. Besides, according to player positions and TEIQ subscales, there were significant differences between sociability. In conclusion, soccer experience is one of the factors that influence well-being and emotionality positively. Moreover, it observed that midfield players’ social abilities are higher than winger players and defensive midfield players.

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Kaynak Göster

APA Yazıcı, A , Yapar, A , Güven, Ş , Taşçıoğlu, R , Ulutaş, İ . (2021). Comparison of Emotional Intelligence and Mental Toughness of Youth Soccer Players in Terms of Position and Soccer Experience Variables . Gazi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi , 26 (3) , 407-418 . DOI: 10.53434/gbesbd.938664